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Peace Movements

Peace Movements   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
14,483 words

...military might and, at the same time, portraying Soviet foreign policy as a force for peace. Accordingly, in 1949 communist intellectuals and party leaders launched the Partisans of Peace, a communist-led enterprise headed by the French physicist and communist Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Renamed the World Peace Council ( WPC ) in late 1950 , it soon claimed seventy-five national affiliates with millions of followers around the world. Among the massive ventures it organized were the Stockholm Peace Appeal (which purportedly drew 500 million signatures by the end...

Technology

Technology   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...J. B. Dunlop develops the pneumatic tire. 1892 Diesel engine patented. 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen discovers X-rays. 1896 A. H. Bequerel discovers radiation. S. A. Arrhenius proposes greenhouse effect and role of carbon dioxide. 1897 J. J. Thomson discovers the electron. 1898 Pierre and Marie Curie discover the elements radium and polonium. 1901 Max Planck publishes Laws of Radiation . M. G. Marconi transmits radiotelegraph message across Atlantic. 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright accomplish first controlled powered flight. 1904 Ronald Ross establishes connection...

science in history

science in history   Reference library

Science, Technology, and Society

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...of the “German physics” movement, harmonious with Nazism and antipathetic to modern theoretical physics, including the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Marie Sklodowska-Curie , who left Poland in 1891 , became the first great woman scientist. In France, she discovered polonium and radium, and carried out classical investigations on radioactivity. Sklodowska-Curie became a double Nobel laureate ( 1903 and 1910 ). Another Eastern European scientist whose accomplishments were highly acknowledged abroad was the Russian Ilya Mechnikov. In the...

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