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Curie, Marie

Curie, Marie (1867–1934)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
106 words

..., Marie , née Sklodowska ( 1867–1934 ). Physicist . Born in Poland, she was one of the first scientists to investigate the phenomenon which she named radio‐activity. She and her fellow physicist, Pierre Curie ( 1859–1906 ), whom she married, discovered the elements polonium and radium ( 1898 ), and gave their name to a measure of radioactivity. She became the first woman professor at the Sorbonne , against considerable odds, and a champion and role model for higher education opportunities for women. Her pioneering work gained her Nobel Prizes for...

Marxism in France

Marxism in France   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,031 words

...their proponents were established figures in literature ( Aragon , Éluard ), art ( Picasso , Léger ), science ( Joliot‐Curie , Langevin , Wallon ), history (Georges Lefebvre , Soboul ), and other intellectual spheres. A flood of young intellectuals joined the PCF, eager to learn. Catholics and Existentialists incorporated Marxist insights into their own thinking, and initiated promising dialogues with young Marxist thinkers like Pierre Hervé , Roger Garaudy , Henri Lefebvre , and Jean‐Toussaint Desanti . However, with the hardening polarizations of the...

reading

reading   Reference library

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
3,965 words

...and unflagging interest’ (Curle, ‘Introduction’, Suspense , p. vi). How did Conrad the ‘student’ gain access to the books, ‘dull’, ‘wise’, and others, that he needed to consult for his work? Conrad’s own personal library was sizeable, and at his death was estimated by Richard Curie to have included over 1,000 books, although only some 630 of these have been identified. A documentary record of the contents of Conrad’s library can be found in the auction catalogue accompanying the sale of his books in 1925 , Hodgson & Co., London, A Catalogue of Books,...

Science and Poetry

Science and Poetry   Reference library

P. Middleton

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies - poetry and poets
Length:
8,692 words

... John Dewey gave credence to this idea in Art as Experience ( 1934 ), saying that the artist is an experimenter who is “as unsatisfied with what is established as is a geographic explorer or a scientific inquirer.” Mina Loy’s poem “Gertrude Stein” (written 1924 ) calls her “Curie / of the laboratory / of vocabulary” investigating the “radium of the word” ( Gottfried Benn also spoke of the “Laboratorium für Worte”). Experiment could also lead to broader models of inquiry in which poets might observe the natural world ( D. H. Lawrence ’s Birds, Beasts, and...

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