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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Wroxeter

Wroxeter   Reference library

Adam Rogers

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...structural remains, including the wall of the baths - basilica (the ‘Old Work’), and the post-Roman sequence of rectangular timber buildings identified through meticulous excavations. Recent research indicates that the settlement became an important local power base; it dispels former views of a violent end, and suggests that Wroxeter was probably abandoned in the early 8th century . Adam Rogers R. White and P. Barker , Wroxeter: Life and Death of a Roman City ...

cross in art

cross in art   Reference library

Dorothy Verkerk and Oliver Nicholson

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...in art The sign of the Cross had the power to dispel demons ( Lactantius , Mort . 10; Inst . IV, 27). Crosses were commonly represented on such personal items as lamps , pottery , amulets , seals , jewellery , and clothing to invoke protection against evil and to attract good fortune. Sarcophagi , wall paintings, and gold glass embedded in tombs displayed crosses in hope of the resurrection. The Church utilized it in every aspect of worship: in processional crosses, church furniture , reliquaries , and architectural sculpture . Imperial...

draught animals

draught animals   Reference library

Michael Decker

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...were used to pull ploughs and to lift water. Horses were less used for these purposes because they are smaller, but they were much used in land transport and former scholarly doubt about Romans having the technology to harness horses for draught purposes has been largely dispelled. Mules were especially important; they were prized for their high endurance and ability to tolerate coarser food than finer Mediterranean horse breeds. Donkeys were commonly used to pull carts with light loads, while mules drew wagons with heavier burdens, as in the depiction...

Persian literature

Persian literature   Reference library

Touraj Daryaee

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...the ancient Mesopotamian debate poetry recited during banquets. The debate is about which of these two (the date or the goat) is more useful, and their products are enumerated. Other texts are from the early Islamic period, such as the important Shkand i Gumanig Wizar ( Doubt Dispelling Explanation ), that recount the supremacy of Zoroastrian theology and the deficiency of such religions as those of the Fatalists ( Dahris ), Manichaeans , Christians, Jews, and Muslims. The author systematically tackles the tenets of these religions and sometimes quotes...

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