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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...but emphasized the providential triumph of the Tudors, foreshadowed by Henry’s prophecy over Richmond in 4.7. But Tillyard and others depressed critical interest in Richard Duke of York by claiming that Shakespeare was uninspired when writing it. The modern stage has dispelled this view, while revisionist critics have observed how little Richard Duke of York supports Tillyard’s unifying vision of controlling providential order. More apparent is an early modern focus on the dangers of divided succession and dynastic factionalism, and the vision of an...

Romeo and Juliet

Romeo and Juliet   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Anthony Davies, and Will Sharpe

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,098 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...for Mantua before the setting of the Watch. 3.4 Capulet agrees with his wife and Paris that Juliet shall marry Paris the following Thursday. 3.5 Early the following morning Romeo reluctantly parts from Juliet, descending from her window. Her mother brings Juliet the news that, to dispel the sorrow they attribute to Tybalt’s death, she is to marry Paris: Capulet arrives and, angry at Juliet’s refusal, threatens to disown her unless she agrees to the match. After her parents’ departure, the Nurse advises Juliet to marry Paris. Juliet feigns to agree, but resolves...

Phul, Gurdial Singh

Phul, Gurdial Singh (1911–84)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
198 words

...with Truth on Their Side’, 1969 ), Tatti vau na lagai (‘No Hot Wind Scorches’, 1970 ), Asin dun savai hoi (‘We Grow Manifold’, 1972 ), and Nanak nadri nadar nihal (‘Nanak, Bestower of Grace’, 1973 ). These commemorate the sublime vision that the Gurus preached to dispel darkness from people's minds and celebrate the heroism that Sikhs in the seventeenth century displayed while fighting Mughal forces. Since their awareness of Sikh faith and history reflects only what common lore recorded, they did not chalk out any new direction for *Punjabi...

laughter

laughter   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
381 words

...( 1877 ) categorizes the ‘powers of laughter’ into various sub-groups: *satire , irony, and humour. Satire is the cruellest because it affords so little sympathy with the object of the laughter, whereas humour is the kindest and the pity it can evoke may even be strong enough to dispel laughter altogether. Henri Bergson 's discussion of laughter in ‘Le Rire’ ( 1900 ) has been particularly influential, proposing that laughter is a weapon used by society to intimidate others. He concludes by describing it as ‘a froth with a saline base’—initially pleasurable but...

Ras Lila

Ras Lila   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Indian Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,532 words

...debates on the foreign religion of Hinduism threatening to supplant native Meitei faith. Sectarian violence, conflicts on interpretations, disparate discourses in court circles continued to create an atmosphere of tension. The disturbed world of Manipur needed a healing system to dispel fears and anxieties, and Chingthangkhomba attempted to provide this spiritually satisfying polity. Although personally a convert to Gauriya Vaishnavism, he did not set aside the traditional beliefs and practices which constituted the primal religious core of the majority. The...

commedia dell'arte

commedia dell'arte   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
1,382 words

...case learned a range of verbal accomplishments to entertain clients in their salons, including improvisation both of verse and of music. The rise of the actress may be inseparable from that of the *operatic prima donna. The virtuously married Isabella *Andreini worked hard to dispel the prejudice that she, at least, was a ‘public woman’; and the emergence of theatrical family dynasties, similar to those in other artisan trades or arti , did modify the image. However, assumptions about sexual freedom continued in perception and in practice, and in the Papal...

Hackett, Charles

Hackett, Charles (4 Nov 1889)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
263 words

...performance. He continued to sing until 1939 . Hackett made a number of records, including duets with Maria Barrientos and Ponselle ; they document a secure technique and a certain elegance, though there is also a sense of routine about them. That sense is completely dispelled by the sweep and finesse of his style in a recording of a Metropolitan Opera broadcast of Charles Gounod's Roméo et Juliette from 1935 . L. F. Holdridge : ‘ Charles Hackett ’, Record Collector , xxii (1974–5), 173–214 Richard Dyer , Elizabeth...

laughter

laughter   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
497 words

...1877 ) categorizes the ‘powers of laughter’ into various sub-groups: satire , irony, and humour. Satire is the cruellest because it affords so little sympathy with the object of the laughter, whereas humour is the kindest and the pity it can evoke may even be strong enough to dispel laughter altogether. Meredith claims that the most successful comedy ‘shall awaken thoughtful laughter’. Philosopher Henri Bergson's discussion of laughter in ‘Le Rire’ (first published in the Revue de Paris in 1900 ) has been particularly influential. Bergson claims, ‘To...

Sikkim

Sikkim   Reference library

The International Encyclopedia of Dance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Dance, Music
Length:
931 words

...with flowing scarves and an apron upon which is painted a protective, wrathful deity. The dancers wear huge, colorful masks, also wrathful in expression. In Buddhism, a non-theistic religion, a deity represents a state of mind; these protective deities often symbolize the dispelling of negative energies and the inviting in of positive, benevolent ones. [For related discussion, see India .] Chopra, P. N. Sikkim . New Delhi, 1979. Das, Amal Kumar . The Lepchas of Darjeeling District . Calcutta, 1962. Gowloog, Rip Roshina . Lingthem Revisited: Social...

Bhutan

Bhutan   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
832 words

...assuming the character of yogis with the power of taking and re-creating life. They prepare for the ritual through prayer and meditation days before the actual performance, a practice that may continue afterwards as well. Bhutanese Buddhists believe that watching the dance dispels mental obstacles to enlightenment. Another typical dance is the Dramitse Ngacham ( Dance of the Drums ) from Dramitse monastery in eastern Bhutan, choreographed in the sixteenth century. This bodchham (lay) dance depicts the peaceful and terrifying deities in zangdopelri ,...

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