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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Bugler, Gertrude

Bugler, Gertrude (1897–1992)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
323 words

...at her home in Beaminster and begged her to withdraw from the project, advancing an array of reasons, from concern about Hardy's health should he insist on attending a London performance to the possible scandal consequent upon his visiting Bugler's dressing-room and the need to dispel rumours already circulating about his infatuation with Bugler. In the face of Florence Hardy 's near-hysteria, Bugler withdrew, and later that year the professional actress Gwen Ffrangçon-Davies brought Tess to the London stage. Bugler did play the role professionally soon...

Peninsular War

Peninsular War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
427 words

...Peninsular War ( 1807–14 ). The Iberian peninsula (comprising Spain and Portugal) was the location of Britain's main military contribution to the Napoleonic Wars of 1802–15 . It played a major part in the defeat of France, sapping French resources and dispelling the popular myth of Napoleon's invincibility. The French invasion of the peninsula also meant that many in Britain who had previously supported Napoleon's fight against the tyranny of old regimes, now saw him as an aggressor for the first time. The British conception of the war was increasingly one of...

renunciation

renunciation   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
617 words

...Madonna tending the inhabitants of the plague village, and then as celibate mother to Tessa and Tito's children. Nevertheless, despite the fact that Romola thus frees herself from the domination of men, the idealizing affirmations of the last part of the novel cannot entirely dispel doubts about the narrowness of the life beyond passion that her renunciation has brought her. The possibility advanced in Romola that renunciation may constitute a formative step is taken up in the later novels. Like Maggie Tulliver , Dorothea in Middlemarch first indulges...

Heger family

Heger family   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
552 words

... M. Lucien Beckers ; both these families eventually inherited and looked after some of the family papers. Before her mother's death Louise was shown by her the four surviving letters that Charlotte Brontë had written to M. Heger . His wife had kept them as evidence that might dispel any ‘misapprehension’. After Mme Heger died in January 1890 , Louise handed the letters ‘in fear and trembling’ to her father, who ‘recognised them with astonishment, and, with a frown, flung them into’ a basket of discarded papers, whence they were rescued and preserved by...

essays

essays   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
740 words

...was unsigned (in the articles in the Pall Mall Gazette she used the pseudonym ‘Saccharissa’, and her contributions to the Fortnightly were the only articles she signed ‘George Eliot’), there has been some uncertainty about what is definitely her work. This has been largely dispelled by Thomas Pinney 's authoritative edition, Essays of George Eliot ( 1963 ), which lists the essays and reviews that can definitely be attributed to her (452–5), as well as mistaken attributions (456–9). He also indicates where areas of doubt still remain (452), and lists...

James, Henry

James, Henry (1843–1916)   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
1,168 words

...Lubbock universalized and disseminated the peculiar Jamesian narrative values contained in the unfortunate collection of prefaces to his novels which James wrote late in his career ( see reputation, critical ). It was only after 1959 that this Jamesian influence began to be dispelled by criticism which explored the complex strategies of George Eliot 's texts. EDE Letters of Henry James , ed. Percy Lubbock , 2 vols. (1920). Ermarth, Elizabeth , ‘The Example of Henry James’, in Realism and Consensus in the English Novel: Time, Space and Narrative , 2nd edn....

Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe

Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
5,033 words

...a many things should be dark to us’ ( SM 21); but the novel makes clear that this darkness has no transcendental origin but is immanent in human existence. That Silas finds a light to live by is reassuring, but his redemption through love and trust in his fellow beings does not dispel all the darkness in the text, and this residue of mystery challenges the reader into interpretation. The last of George Eliot's early novels of ordinary working life in the English Midlands, Silas Marner is less a nostalgic farewell than a new departure which anticipates the...

sequels and ‘incremental literature’

sequels and ‘incremental literature’   Reference library

Patsy Stoneman

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
5,355 words

...Heights ; the effect is to tell the story of a whole society, through which the tale of Razyé and his Catherine runs like a thread. While Emily Brontë 's narrators suggest and skirt around the central mystery of their relationship, however, the tellers of Windward Heights dispel mystery; the relationship here is emphatically sexual, so that the younger Catherine is born black, resembling though not knowing Razyé, whose son she meets and marries, and this involuntary incest provides the tragic catastrophe. Condé's novel has a story, an ethos, and a...

Wuthering Heights. A Novel

Wuthering Heights. A Novel   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Brontes

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
5,396 words

...notice of the authors , | a selection from their literary remains , | and a preface , | by currer bell .’ Wuthering Heights had originally been presented to the public without preface or introduction. Charlotte proposed ‘a brief and simple notice of the authors’ to dispel ‘all erroneous conjectures’ about the identity of the authors (Smith Letters , 2. 466). She was keen to set the novel in a context and explain how a ‘homebred country girl’ might produce such a tale of violence and amorality that so shocked the public; and she also proposed to...

life of George Eliot

life of George Eliot   Reference library

Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
11,986 words

...went slowly and by fits and starts. The resulting novel, though full of fine things, is too crowded and laborious to come to life imaginatively. Relations with Blackwood had suffered a strain when Marian was writing The Mill on the Floss ; she felt he had not done enough to dispel the Liggins myth and feared, not without justification, that he was nervous about the public response to that novel now that the identity of George Eliot was widely known. When George *Smith , a London publisher with money to spare and a new journal, the * Cornhill Magazine ,...

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