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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Hawarden kite

Hawarden kite   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
78 words

...'s son Herbert that his father was about to declare his support for Irish home rule . Gladstone, then privately entreating the Tories to take up the home rule issue, immediately repudiated the statement when it appeared in the London press on 17 December 1885 , but failed to dispel the impression that he had inspired it. The kite served to clarify the division in British politics on the home rule question. James...

Van Diemen's land

Van Diemen's land   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
127 words

...this took place in 1856 . The colony's name was changed to Tasmania in 1853 . This move was strongly supported by Rev. John West , a leader of the anti-transportation movement, who used the word Tasmania in the title of his 1852 history in the expectation that it would dispel the notoriety associated with convictism and penal servitude. Helen...

Bunker Hill, Battle of

Bunker Hill, Battle of (1775)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
303 words

...Hill, Battle of ( 1775 ). The Battle of Bunker Hill, fought on 17 June 1775 , helped to dispel the British view that rebellious American colonists would flee when faced with British army professionals. After the engagements at Lexington and Concord, volunteer forces assembled around Boston , headquarters of the British army. Fearing that the British would fortify strategic locations adjoining the city, Boston's Committee of Safety on 16 June ordered New England troops into the Charlestown peninsula north of Boston, to fortify Bunker Hill. This...

Common Sense

Common Sense (1776)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
349 words

...was published in February by the Philadelphia printers Melchior Steiner and Carl Cist . This wide distribution, together with newspaper excerpts, made Common Sense the single most influential pamphlet of the Revolutionary War . In rousing agitator's rhetoric, Paine dispelled as a myth the “balanced,” liberty-protecting character of the British constitution. Hereditary monarchy and aristocracy were absurd, Paine argued, and irreconcilable with the natural equality of human beings. The colonists could not seriously hope for a permanent reconciliation...

Merriman‐Labor, Augustus

Merriman‐Labor, Augustus   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Black British History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
274 words

...the anniversary of the abolition of the slave trade, and they laid wreaths on abolitionists' memorials in Westminster Abbey. His novel Britons Through Negro Spectacles was published in London in 1909 . This had first been serialized in a Freetown newspaper, and aimed to dispel the inflated and romantic ideas that his fellow Creoles had of Britain. He commented on abuse and insults hurled at him in the street, the racial discrimination practised by some landladies, and sensational and distorted reporting in newspapers. He was still in London in 1913 ...

Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (1974)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
444 words

...the safety of nuclear power and other civilian applications of nuclear energy. The NRC, headed by five commissioners appointed by the president of United States, began operations in January 1975 . Most of its staff members were holdovers from the AEC, but the new agency hoped to dispel the widespread public suspicion of the AEC by demonstrating its toughness as a regulator. This proved difficult, if not impossible. As the public debate over nuclear-power safety raged on, former critics of the AEC were not inclined to regard the NRC more charitably. The NRC's...

Venereal Disease.

Venereal Disease.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
489 words

...attack on prostitution, or “the social evil.” The influential American Medical Association actively supported this campaign. The New York City dermatologist Prince A. Morrow ( 1846–1914 ), a prominent figure in the venereal-disease field in the later part of his life, worked to dispel the silence surrounding these diseases and their spread. Only the elimination of prostitution, not just its regulation, Morrow insisted, would suffice. Because of the reformers' emphasis on sexual self-control, the U.S. Army during World War I resisted issuing prophylactics to...

Grolier, Codex

Grolier, Codex   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Mesoamerican Cultures

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...are a mixture of Maya, Toltec, Mixtec, and Borgia Group features. The aberrant numeration and topical focus of the Grolier Codex , along with its eclectic style and organization, led some scholars originally to question the manuscript's authenticity. However, later study has dispelled the strongest of these objections. The Grolier Codex likely came from a mixed culture, where Mayan and Mexican languages were spoken and where Maya and Mexican ideological traditions were enmeshed with each other. The awkward use of pseudo “ring numbers” and the dots...

Miranda v. Arizona

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
597 words

...has been arrested. In the “interrogation environment,” the Miranda majority concluded, a suspect typically assumed (erroneously) or was misled by the police into believing that he or she had to answer their questions. Thus, unless “adequate protective devices” were utilized to dispel the anxiety and coercion inherent in police interrogation, no statement obtained from a suspect could truly be the product of a free choice. The “adequate protective devices” set down by the Court (unless the government adopted other equally effective means) were the now-familiar...

Sex Education.

Sex Education.   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
558 words

...were transmitted through prostitution and that the social-hygiene movement must therefore attack both problems simultaneously. Despite what they perceived as a “conspiracy of silence” surrounding sexual matters, social hygienists argued that sex education was essential to dispel the ignorance about sex, disease , and immorality that made prostitution and other misbehavior possible. After experimenting with public lectures to adult audiences, sex educators by 1914 turned decisively toward the public schools to teach young people a mixture of medical...

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