You are looking at 1-20 of 102 entries  for:

  • All: war establishment x
  • Society and culture x
  • Results with images only x
clear all

View:

Overview

war establishment

The level of equipment and manning laid down for a military unit in wartime.

Victory Gardens

Victory Gardens   Reference library

Daniel Bowman Simon and Amy Bentley

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
551 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of Music, and the Staten Island Museum. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden held lectures on such topics as “Testing the Soil,” “Planning Gardens,” “Ordering Seeds,” and “Maintenance Spraying” and created a 40-by-10-foot model victory garden on its grounds. New York City retail establishments facilitated and capitalized on the victory garden movement. Macy’s flagship Manhattan store on Thirty-Fourth Street offered free lectures and films and distributed a free twenty-two-page Victory Garden Guide to customers who signed its Victory Garden Pledge Book . Items...

Soda Fountains

Soda Fountains   Reference library

Adee Braun

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
851 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the number of soda fountains in New York City swelled during Prohibition. Establishments responded by expanding their menus to include light meals and, increasingly, ice cream—an addition that would later play a role in the downfall of soda fountain culture. Ice cream sodas had become popular after the Civil War, and by the end of the nineteenth century they were soda fountain staples, along with sundaes. More ice cream was sold at soda fountains than at ice cream parlors. After World War II, soda fountains were still found in most drugstores, but as people...

Japanese

Japanese   Reference library

Nicholas Allanach

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,124 words
Illustration(s):
1

...exclusive to businessmen, celebrities, and cosmopolitans but not the “average” American diner. Today, Fuji Sushi has opened locations in other cities throughout the Northeast and, like other successful sushi establishments, has expanded its business model to include catering large-scale sushi orders for events and parties. Japanese food establishments now are quite common inside and outside the city. In fact, Fuji Sushi is likely low on the list of places you should dine to experience high-quality, authentic Japanese cuisine. Despite its current popularity,...

Thomas, Jerry

Thomas, Jerry   Reference library

Kara Newman

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
430 words
Illustration(s):
1

...becoming a bartender in a saloon in nearby Downiesville, California. By 1852 , Thomas decided he had had enough of El Dorado and headed back east, eventually landing in New York City. In 1858 , he became principal bartender at the Metropolitan Hotel, a large and fashionable establishment on the corner of Prince Street and Broadway, at the time the heart of the city’s shopping district. Over the next eighteen years, Thomas would become America’s most famous bartender, embodying the bravado and showmanship of the mixologist archetype of the day, “a sporting...

public houses (pubs)

public houses (pubs)   Reference library

Ian Hornsey

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
3,930 words
Illustration(s):
1

... pm and 6.30 pm to 9.30 pm . By the end of the War, some 94% of all British citizens had been subjected to limited drinking opportunities. The evening limit was increased to 11 pm , and these hours persisted until the 2003 Licensing Act, which, in theory allowed “all-day drinking.” Even with these measures, a shortage of munitions that jeopardized the war effort in early 1915 was attributed to drink. The then chancellor Lloyd George urged moderation, saying: “Drink is doing us more damage in the war than all the German submarines put together …We are...

Wensleydale

Wensleydale   Reference library

Andy Swinscoe

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
725 words
Illustration(s):
1

...1930s but was saved by local man Kit Calvert, who went on to fight for the continuing production of Wensleydale even through the lean “war years.” During those war years, Wensleydale became even more standardized and developed from a moderately acid, moister, softer white cheese into the firm, crumbly, and drier white cheese known widely today. Production of traditional blue Wensleydale effectively ceased during World Wars I and II and became lost forever when the final farmhouse stopped producing it in 1957 . Today a large amount of Wensleydale is made...

Cooking Schools

Cooking Schools   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
918 words
Illustration(s):
1

...school . The twentieth century saw the establishment of other culinary schools in New York. Maria Matilda Ericsson Hammond’s Swedish, French, American Cooking School on East Forty-Sixth Street was likely attended by Swedish immigrants looking for work as cooks. In 1942 a school was launched by Dione Lucas, an Englishwoman born in Italy and brought up in France. She had attended Le Cordon Bleu in Paris and opened a restaurant and cooking school in London just before the outbreak of World War II. When the war began, Lucas immigrated to New York, where she...

Katz’s Delicatessen

Katz’s Delicatessen   Reference library

Jim Chevallier

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
664 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Delicatessen Katz’s Deli is surely the only eating establishment best known for a fake orgasm. This was not always the case. The Lower East Side institution, founded in 1888 , had just celebrated its hundredth anniversary the year before When Harry Met Sally was released ( 1989 ). The restaurant was opened as the “Iceland Brothers Deli”; when Willy Katz joined in 1903 , it became “Iceland & Katz,” then when his cousin Benny joined him in 1910 and bought out the Iceland brothers, “Katz’s Delicatessen.” Lorna Sass offers an alternate version: the...

Czech Republic

Czech Republic   Reference library

Garrett Oliver

The Oxford Companion to Beer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
936 words
Illustration(s):
1

...society. In 1588, the Bohemian Tadeas Hajeck printed the world’s first brewing textbook. Czech brewing was advancing quickly, but the progress was not to last. The Thirty Years War, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, brought mass death by both violence and plague to much of Central Europe. Beer quality declined and did not fully recover until the early 19th century saw the establishment of several large Měšťanský pivovary “burgher’s” or “citizen’s” breweries. One of these was eventually renamed Plzensky Prazdroj, meaning “pilsner original source,” or “Pilsner...

Antebellum Period

Antebellum Period   Reference library

Cindy R. Lobel

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,815 words
Illustration(s):
1

...edges of Manhattan or new suburbs like Brooklyn Heights. Sixpenny houses (which charged sixpence for a main dish) opened in the business districts to cater to the needs of these businessmen. Among the most famous of the sixpenny refectories were Sweet’s and Sweeney’s. These establishments were known for their fast pace and unappetizing food. They also became emblematic—and encouraging of—the hustle-and-bustle business culture of the growing metropolis. Of course, the short-order houses were not the only restaurants on the antebellum dining scene. This period...

Lunch

Lunch   Reference library

Megan Elias

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,187 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Most served greasy fare on crude china with weak tea or coffee and not a bottle of wine in sight. An enterprising French Canadian, however, introduced table d’hôte meals and French cooking to the city shortly after the Civil War. Journalist Edgar Fawcett ( 1854 ) recalled “my amazement at dining for the first time” in this establishment, owned by Dennis Donovan, where the proprietor offered “a good French breakfast and luncheon at fifty cents.” Women of the employer class typically ate a light, cold lunch at home and saved the larger, hot meal of the day for...

Automats

Automats   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
840 words
Illustration(s):
1

...pennies could not be put into the nickel slots. As Horn & Hardart began losing money on its popular (and excellent) coffee, it raised the price to a dime a cup. But when they began to water down the coffee and skimp on the quality of their food, the end was near. Fast-food establishments, the latest novelty, lured away automat customers; within four decades most of them were closed, many converted into Burger King outlets. The last automat in New York City closed in April 1991 . Automats are gone, but the fascination with them has lingered. New Yorkers were...

Tate & Lyle

Tate & Lyle   Reference library

Roger Munting

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,024 words
Illustration(s):
1

...took an interest in producing its own sugar for refining by investing in a beet sugar factory in 1925 . In 1937 , following the establishment of the British Sugar Corporation that had a monopoly in beet production, Tate & Lyle bought cane plantations in Jamaica and Trinidad. Thus, on the eve of World War II, the company had a virtual monopoly in refining and was a major supplier of raw cane sugar. In the years following World War II, however, refining in Britain declined slightly and accounted for a falling share of Tate & Lyle’s profits. Production of raw...

Menus

Menus   Reference library

Paul Freedman

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,312 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of a cooking pot, knife, glasses, and wine bottle. The menu at Le Pavillon was in French with no English translation. The leading restaurants were French and to varying degrees accommodated those not familiar with French gastronomy with some English translation. Menus from establishments with generic American or “continental” cuisine might include French touches to convey sophistication. The Rainbow Room at the newly completed Rockefeller Center in 1934 featured soups called “Essence of Tomate Xavier” and “Green Turtle aux Vieux Madère.” This era also saw...

South Asian

South Asian   Reference library

Krishnendu Ray

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,948 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to pay top dollar for Indian food when the economy tightened. Between the ubiquitous cheap curry house and the rare thirty-dollar-entrée elite restaurant, Café Spice found a niche for a while with interesting lunch thalis for about twenty dollars. But they had to close their establishment on University Place in Lower Manhattan, squeezed between the recession and rising rents. Subsequently, they have learned to specialize in supplying Whole Foods and university cafeterias with prepared meals. That mid-market space is still relatively lightly populated by Indian...

Coffeehouses

Coffeehouses   Reference library

Cathy K. Kaufman

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,032 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and other artsy events can still be found; some have been tamed as book readings in the Starbucks cafes nestled in Barnes and Noble bookstores. The newest addition to the coffee scene are small chains and one-off shops; priding themselves on carefully prepared drinks, these establishments satisfy both the harried office worker, who dashes in for a quick jolt, and the serious aficionado, who can discourse with the barista over roasts, grinds, and single-sourced beans. The numbers of open laptops and group discussions at some of these spots suggest often...

Public Markets

Public Markets   Reference library

Babette Audant

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,240 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Unfavorable comparisons were made to markets in cities such as Paris, Berlin, and Philadelphia, where public funds were invested in gleaming central market halls. World War I cut short discussions about modernization of existing infrastructure. However, a need to regulate food distribution and prevent hoarding and price gouging led to consolidation of markets governance, and the establishment of the Department of Public Markets, Weights and Measures (later called the Department of Markets) in 1917 . By the mid-1930s, the Department of Markets’...

Netherlands

Netherlands   Reference library

Rengenier C. Rittersma

The Oxford Companion to Cheese

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,570 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the necessary infrastructure (legislation, hallmarks, hygiene standards, education and research programs, etc.). The centralized and highly systematic marketing offensive that laid the foundations for the postwar performance was essentially conceived in the 1930s. Both the establishment of the Dutch Dairy Office and its launch of the rather penetrant icon of the cheese maid in historical costume significantly contributed to making Dutch cheese ever more popular at national and international levels. Gouda and Edam had conquered the people’s minds by...

Chinese Community

Chinese Community   Reference library

Anne Mendelson

Savoring Gotham: A Food Lover’s Companion to New York City

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,706 words
Illustration(s):
1

... and african american . During America’s Cold War alliance with Chiang Kai-Shek’s exiled Nationalist regime on Taiwan, wealthy Mandarin-speaking diplomats, military attaches, and businessmen arrived on the social scene with cooks highly trained in versions of Chinese cuisine unfamiliar to Americans. Some of these employees eventually launched ambitious, stylish restaurants aimed at affluent white customers. Several VIP wives followed suit. Leading American food writers quickly hailed the smart new establishments as models of “authentic” Chinese cuisine, while...

Vietnam

Vietnam   Reference library

The Continuum Complete International Encyclopedia of Sexuality

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
29,265 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Male Homosexuality During the Vietnam War, much of Saigon's organized homosexual activity revolved around the city's “gay” bars. According to Marnais ( 1967 ), there were a total of 18 such establishments in existence during the late 1960s. Many of the customers could be found among middle-aged Saigon businessmen and teenage students. Only a small minority displayed the slightest effeminate trait. There were also homosexual steambaths, nightclubs, and coffee shops, and young boys, impoverished and orphaned by the war, sold themselves openly on street...

View: