You are looking at 1-20 of 98 entries  for:

  • All: type batter x
  • Results with images only x
clear all

View:

Overview

type batter

Damage or wear to type, resulting in a defective impression. Because each battered type creates a unique impression, Hinman, Blayney, and others have successfully used evidence from ...

11 The Technologies of Print

11 The Technologies of Print   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,192 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
8

...which could be stored in barrels, and was commonly bought from specialist makers. Unlike paper and ink, type was not wholly consumed by production. However, type gradually wore out in use or was damaged (known as *type batter ) and needed to be replaced: this was done at a rate that reflected the printer’s standards and the economics of his operation. Surviving records from the early 16 th century show that some printers bought sets of matrices for the types they used and a mould to go with them, hiring a specialist founder or caster to make a *fount or...

naos

naos   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
72 words
Illustration(s):
1

...1. Inner cell or sanctuary of a Greek temple , equivalent to the Roman cella , containing the deity’s statue. 2. Sanctuary of a centrally planned Byzantine church. 3. Small shrine , often portable, e.g. the battered -sided Egyptian type, carried by a Naöphorus figure. J.Curl ( 2005 ) ; D ( 1950 ) naos ( 3 ) ( above ) Naöphorus ( right ) (Museo Nazionale,...

pans

pans   Reference library

Alice Ross

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
858 words
Illustration(s):
1

...but the baked layer may also be removed to a cake plate for slicing and serving. Special-purpose baking pans include aluminum angel food cake pans and Turks’ head or turban molds with a removable bottom and spiral patterning on the sides; both types have a central tube that allows the heat to penetrate the batter more efficiently and ensure that the cake will cook evenly. Similar pans, without a removable bottom and generally made from cast iron, aluminum, or silicone, are called Bundt pans, after the coffee cake–style Bundt cake that unmolds with a...

Violence

Violence   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,746 words
Illustration(s):
2

...as the abuser moves to phase two, the acute battering stage, where the most serious violence erupts. The victim tries to protect herself by fighting back, calling the police, or fleeing. In phase three, the loving contrition or “honeymoon” period, the batterer may be apologetic, remorseful, and shower the victim with gifts and promises to change. The victim remains hopeful and attempts to salvage the relationship. Eventually, with the return of the conflict and tension, a new cycle of violence begins. The types and dynamics of domestic violence are quite...

The Middle East—

The Middle East—   Reference library

Charles Perry

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
2,770 words
Illustration(s):
1

... (The Description of Familiar Foods) includes most of the tenth-century sweets, although zalabiya is now made by dribbling leavened batter into boiling oil, in the manner of Pennsylvania Dutch funnel cakes. See pennsylvania dutch . The cuisine is less extravagant than that of the Baghdad of the caliphs, and various new dishes have been invented, such as qāhiriyya , a ring of pistachio paste dipped in batter, deep-fried, and drenched in syrup. A number of new desserts have been created based on stuffing or layering qaṭāʾif . Some of the sweets...

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
6,733 words
Illustration(s):
3

...do not comply, men have the right to physically punish them). Patriarchal terrorism—the type of domestic violence that is most likely to result in injury or death—is what most feminists and others are referring to when they use the term “domestic violence against women”: violence that is driven by a traditional gender ideology and is inflicted on women because they are women. The term “domestic violence against women” brings to mind stereotypical images of the “battered wife.” But such violence against women can also occur in same‐sex relationships or in...

pastry tools

pastry tools   Reference library

Rose Levy Beranbaum

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,680 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mechanical stand mixers are used for heavy-duty mixing in both commercial and home kitchens. Attachments include flat-paddle beaters for general mixing and whisk beaters that whip as much air as possible into a mixture. The latter are perfect for beating egg whites or batter for sponge-type cakes. Many cooks rely on hand-held electric mixers for small tasks. Once found only in professional kitchens, food processors are now common in home kitchens. They are indispensable for grinding nuts and chocolate, grinding sugar to a superfine consistency, making pie...

siege engines

siege engines   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
943 words
Illustration(s):
1

...engines were devices designed to reduce the time taken to capture a besieged castle or other fortification . There were a number of different types, the most prominent and certainly the simplest to construct being the battering ram. In its primitive form this was little more than a large beam or tree trunk that could be propelled continually against a wall or gate until a breach was made. It was frequently capped with metal (sometimes a symbolic ram's head) to strengthen the striking surface, and the survival of those operating it was greatly enhanced...

Egypt, ancient

Egypt, ancient   Reference library

John Baines

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
3,380 words
Illustration(s):
2

...less frequent type, known as a serekh pattern, ultimately derives, through brick, from building techniques in materials such as reed, and acquired royal symbolism in the late 4th millennium bc . Plain walls are characterized by their geometrical character, their edges, their tops—and very often their scenic decoration. Geometrically, many exterior walls incline a few degrees back from the vertical; if this treatment is applied to both sides, they are significantly thinner at the top than at the bottom. This inclination is termed ‘batter’. In the later 1st...

Lahore

Lahore   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,727 words
Illustration(s):
1

...earliest Mughal site is the garden and pavilion (c. 1530 ) of Kamran , half-brother of the emperor Humayun ( see Mughal , §II, B ), which stood on the right bank of the Ravi. Both garden and pavilion were extensively reconstructed in the 17th century, after which they were battered by flooding and eventually cut off by a river meander; they were radically reconstructed by the government of Punjab in 1990 . A more enduring Mughal monument is Lahore Fort, a roughly square enclosure standing high above the Ravi floodplain. It was first improved by Akbar (...

Cake

Cake   Reference library

Stephen Schmidt, Stephen Schmidt, Kim Pierce, Andrew F. Smith, Stephen Schmidt, Cathy K. Kaufman, Jennifer C. Keegan, Cathy K. Kaufman, and Sally Parham

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...making these cheaper, quicker-baking pound-type cakes for teas. Raisins and spices had always been typical in these cakes, and to make their company tea cakes seem special, women added these enhancements with a liberal hand. And to make their cakes lighter and moister, American women made the fateful decision to add pearl ash and milk to the batter, which compensated for the tenderness and moisture supplied to true pound cake by a full complement of butter and eggs. America almost certainly learned of pearl ash, a type of baking soda refined from wood ashes,...

door

door   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,247 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the door is hung; doorway : opening for an entrance to a building, part of a building, or an enclosure, together with its immediate structure and surroundings, often of considerable architectural magnificence. Classical Antique doorways were mostly rectangular (occasionally battered ), surrounded by mouldings , normally the architrave, conforming with the architrave of the entablature in section , and often with ears , lugs , or tabs . Above the architrave there was sometimes a cornice supported on ancones or consoles . A Classical doorway could...

Media Representations of Domestic Violence

Media Representations of Domestic Violence   Reference library

Meda Chesney-Lind and Nicholas Chagnon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Crime, Media, and Popular Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
11,426 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the economic and structural barriers that battered women must overcome to leave an abusive partner, and some acknowledge that leaving an abuser is when a battered woman is most likely to be killed by her partner ( Berns, 2004 ). More often, media reports offer explanations that dehumanize and blame battered women. Victim-blaming discourses are generally based on patriarchal ideas concerning normative or “emphasized” femininity ( Connell & Messerschmidt, 2005 ). Emphasized femininity is essentially an ideal type comprising womanly attributes that...

Wright, Frank Lloyd Lincoln

Wright, Frank Lloyd Lincoln (1867–1959)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,234 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of hollyhock forms) cast in moulds (the whole house was cement-rendered), and created a building faintly reminiscent of pre-Columbian American architecture, a theme more pronounced in the Ennis House, Los Angeles (1923–4), constructed of decorated concrete blocks, and featuring battered walls set on terraces. He again used concrete blocks in e.g. the Millard House, Pasadena, CA (1923), and Freeman House, Los Angeles (1923–4), but for the rest of the decade his work did not attract the attention his earlier designs had enjoyed. In the 1930s, however, Wright’s...

Military architecture and fortification

Military architecture and fortification   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
10,258 words
Illustration(s):
4

...the middle of the 16th century the Algerian littoral came under Ottoman control. At Algiers the Turks enclosed the town with walls of the traditional type, preceded by a ditch and having nine gates. Flanked by bastions, the Turkish gateways were, with the exception of that linking the city with the interior of the kasba, of simple straight-axis plan, in contrast to the bent entrances common in Morocco. The battered walls of the city and fortress (h. 12 m; w. 1.6–2.5 m) are occasionally marked by rectangular salients. A wall-walk extends along the top of the...

Minaret

Minaret   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,591 words
Illustration(s):
3

...sight as Ottoman domination extended into Syria, Egypt, North Africa, Greece and the Balkans. Nevertheless the traditional square minaret continued to hold its own in North Africa as did a hybrid octagonal type. Beyond the traditional North African and southwest Asian lands of Islam, minarets have a varied history. In West Africa, for example, the battered mud tower over the mihrab of traditional mosques shows some formal similarities to Almohad experiments in minaret placement, while along the East African coast the traditional staircase minaret was most...

gingerbread

gingerbread   Reference library

Sharon Hudgins

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,801 words
Illustration(s):
1

... is a term that applies to a broad category of baked goods flavored with a combination of spices such as ginger, cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg, and sweetened with honey, sugar, or molasses. Gingerbreads range from cakes to breads to cookies. Made from batters or doughs, and shaped in many forms, they can be soft or hard, thick or thin, glazed or unglazed, unadorned or decorated with icings, dried or candied fruits, nuts, marzipan, colored paper, or even gold leaf. Gingerbreads are closely associated with the Christmas season in several countries, but...

castle

castle   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
1,600 words
Illustration(s):
1

...I had seen on crusade. The invention of gunpowder was crucial in changing the castle into the forts and fortresses of the 16th century. Castles were built tall, often in high positions to reduce the possibility of storm. The bases of the walls were thickened with an angled ‘batter’ to defend against siege artillery (hurling stones), rams, and bores rolled against the walls and also undermining. But, c. 1400 , gunpowder artillery was becoming larger and much more powerful. Already, in Italy, new ‘bastion’ fortresses were under construction, with the...

Fortifications

Fortifications   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
13,409 words
Illustration(s):
8

...core; with internal, boxlike brick constructions; or, most commonly, with sloping layers of alternating soil types. There is not a single case where a city wall was found to be incorporated within the rampart. This absence of a defensive wall means that these earthen ramparts cannot be interpreted as fortifications against military attack: they were neither designed to prevent the access of chariots nor could they provide a response to the battering ram, allegedly introduced at that time (Yadin, 1955 ). It is more likely that the earthen ramparts were a...

shortening

shortening   Reference library

Lynne M. Olver

The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Society and culture, Cookery, Food, and Drink
Length:
1,180 words
Illustration(s):
1

...medium (for deep-fried doughnuts or fritters). The modern usage dates to the nineteenth century and is generally a North American term. The purpose of shortening in sweets depends upon the recipe. In cakes, it renders the texture soft and tender. It also adds volume to the batter. In cookies and sweet biscuits, shortening provides a chewy feel or crisp bite, depending upon the proportion. Pastry cut with shortening results in a flaky yet sturdy product capable of supporting fillings. See pie dough . Because shortening adds moisture in the form of fat...

View: