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traditio Legis

Also ‘Dominus legem dat’. The early Christian iconographic motif of Christ, standing or enthroned, distributing his New Law in the form of a scroll (or rarely a codex) to the apostles ...

Lamb

Lamb   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
494 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and Jerusalem , metaphor of the troop of Christians composed of gentiles and Jews . From the 4th c., the image of the lamb also served to represent Christ allegorically, in apse mosaics and on sarcophagi. The Christ-lamb was part of the iconographical motif of the Traditio Legis , in which the lamb at the summit of Mount Zion was surrounded by lambs referring to the Apostles. The lamb could also be represented within a crown : here the association of the animal and the perfection of the circle expressed the dual Nature of Christ, divine with the...

Property

Property   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
35,301 words
Illustration(s):
3

...of traditio (delivery): traditionibus et usucapionibus dominia rerum, non nudis pactis transferuntur (ownership of things is transferred by delivery or by acquisitive prescription, not by mere agreement). In the terminology of the Gloss, traditio is the causa efficiens proxima (the proximate effective cause), whereas the title (obligatory legal transaction), such as a purchase, is causa remota (distant cause). However, a mere putative title suffices. Problems arose in defining how to recognize a traditio , such as in the cases of traditio longa...

Early Christian monumental painting and mosaics

Early Christian monumental painting and mosaics   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
5,870 words
Illustration(s):
3

...include portraits that may represent the deceased and her husband, foliate scrollwork with bacchanalian scenes and various decorative motifs. The dome mosaics (destr.) portrayed biblical subjects, while the conches of the lateral apses contain the Delivery of the Law ( Traditio legis ) to St Peter with St Paul to the left and a rare depiction of the Delivery of the Keys to St Peter . Thus, within this programme, Christian scenes symbolizing salvation became part of a secular environment. Another 4th-century mosaic programme with a similar combination of...

Christian Art

Christian Art   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
6,976 words
Illustration(s):
2

...to the Jordan as a passage to Paradise. Saint Peter's apse, probably completed by Constantine's son Constans I, was destroyed in the sixteenth century, but ancient drawings show Christ handing a scroll of the law to Peter and Paul—a composition often referred to as the traditio legis . Usually depicting the ascended Jesus regally enthroned or standing on an outcropping of rock from which the four rivers spring, this image had special significance in Rome, the site of both apostles’ martyrdom and burial. This image became widespread elsewhere and was a...

Ancient Greek Law

Ancient Greek Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
28,725 words
Illustration(s):
6

...the litigants’ pleas, and a relatively minor role for professional magistrates in litigation. Some of these features can be seen in the judicial procedure of the two cities about which we know the most, Athens and Gortyn; even the Spartans—though they generally avoided putting legis-lation in writing—appear in other respects to have conducted their legal affairs like other Greeks. And inscriptional evidence from the fourth century and from traditional Greek cities in the Hellenistic period reveals that other features (such as the volunteer citizen-prosecutor)...

Romanesque painting

Romanesque painting   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
27,177 words
Illustration(s):
1

...probably c. 1110–20 at Berzé-la-Ville in Burgundy (a grange of nearby Cluny Abbey), the draperies, facial types, and ornament are so close to contemporary Roman painting that direct influence can hardly be doubted, particularly since some of the iconography, such as the traditio legis in the apse vault, is also clearly dependent on Italian models ( see Berzé-la-ville, priory chapel ). Direct influence may also be posited for some fragmentary paintings, with similar multilinear drapery folds, discovered at St Gereon, Cologne, in the 1960s and 1970s. The...

Rome

Rome   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
31,688 words
Illustration(s):
5

...the composition of the 4th-century original is a matter of dispute. Similar scenes appear on the 5th-century Pula Casket (Venice, Mus. Archeol.), which also depicts the Constantinian shrine of St Peter. On the other hand, it has been suggested that the original subject was a traditio legis , and that the 12th-century fresco in S Silvestro, Tivoli, may have been modelled on this. According to a description by Cardinal Domenico Jacobazzi ( c. 1444–1527 ), which would have been written shortly before 1525 , the triumphal arch of the Constantinian basilica...

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