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Overview

self-reflexive

Subject: Literature

A term applied to literary works that openly reflect upon their own processes of artful composition. Such self‐referentiality is frequently found in modern works of fiction that repeatedly ...

Etiquette and Manners

Etiquette and Manners   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,410 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and oneself. As manners turned from a set of general rules into guidelines differentiated according to the demands of the situation and relationship, they demanded and allowed for the shift from a second nature self-regulating conscience that to a great extent functions automatically, to a “third nature” personality with a more reflexive and flexible self-regulation. For such individuals it becomes increasingly natural to attune oneself to the pulls and pushes of both first and second nature, as well as to the dangers and chances, short term and long term, of...

Kraft, Adam

Kraft, Adam (1490)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,375 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Werkstücke zur Stadt- und Landesgeschichte, xlix (Nuremberg, 1992), pp. 6–10 C. Schleif : ‘Nicodemus and Sculptors: Self-Reflexivity in Works by Adam Kraft and Tilman Riemenschneider’, A. Bull. , lxxv/4 (Dec 1993), pp. 599–626 J. C. Klamt : ‘Artist and Patron: The Self-portrait of Adam Kraft on the Sakramentshaus of St Lorenz in Nuremberg’, Visual Resources , xiii/3–4 (1998), pp. 393–421 J. C. Klamt : ‘Artist and Patron: The Self-portrait of Adam Kraft in the Sacrament-house of St. Lorenz in Nuremberg’, Showing Status: Representation of Social...

Kraft, Adam

Kraft, Adam (fl1490)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,346 words
Illustration(s):
1

... : Heiliggrabkapelle und Kreuzweg. Eine Bauaufgabe in Nürnberg um 1500 , Nürnberger Werkstücke zur Stadt- und Landesgeschichte, xlix (Nuremberg, 1992), pp. 6–10 C. Schleif : ‘ Nicodemus and Sculptors: Self-Reflexivity in Works by Adam Kraft and Tilman Riemenschneider ’, A. Bull. , lxxv/4 (Dec 1993), pp. 599–626 J. C. Klamt : ‘ Artist and Patron: The Self-portrait of Adam Kraft on the Sakramentshaus of St Lorenz in Nuremberg ’, Visual Res. , xiii/3–4 (1998), pp. 393–421 F. M. Kammel : Adam Kraft: Die Beiträge des Kolloquiums im Germanischen...

Medea

Medea   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,303 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and barbarian given definitive literary form by Euripides and Apollonius . Consequently Medea was no less popular in Roman literature than in Greek. The first century bce poet Ovid lavished attention on the murderous witch in several different contexts: she pens a self-reflexive yet accusatory letter to Jason in Heroides 12, her life story forms part of a series of violent mythical women in Metamorphoses 7, and Medea is the title of a (lost) tragedy. Valerius Flaccus’ Latin epic Argonautica , written in the late first century ce ,...

Caricature

Caricature   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,229 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the self and an apprehension of a threat to the self—an idea developed later, in a different context, by Sigmund Freud . The dualism of caricature thus ensures a reversal in its effect, converting, in Baudelaire's theological metaphor, the products of the Fall (laughter, caricature, the comic) into the means of redemption, ugliness into beauty, the ephemeral into the eternal, the particular into the universal, the phenomenal into the ideal. The dualism, division, and isolation of the self can be transcended precisely through self-conscious,...

Caricature

Caricature   Reference library

Michèle Hannoosh

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
2,272 words
Illustration(s):
1

...into beauty, the ephemeral into the eternal, the particular into the universal, the phenomenal into the ideal. The dualism, division, and isolation of the self can be transcended precisely through self-conscious, “comic” doubling , by knowingly creating an image of ignorance to bring others to a consciousness of dualism as well. Moreover, the experience of caricature inescapably entails reflexivity and reciprocity: i.e., the implication of those who laugh in their own laughter. Inspired by the work of Daumier, Baudelaire associates caricature specifically...

Performing Arts

Performing Arts   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
8,183 words
Illustration(s):
4

...of shared expectations among the participants. Collective engagement within the limited parameters of this system results in a seemingly natural and predictable succession of actions, a state called flow. In tension with flow is reflexivity, the participant's awareness of self in action both within and beyond the frame. Reflexivity triggers consciousness of the frame and disrupts flow. All performances, whether conceived as structurally separate from social processes (stage performances) or embedded within them (politics, religion), can be interpreted through...

Consciousness

Consciousness   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
3,463 words
Illustration(s):
1

...we are reasoning about the mental states of others when we deceive them, we assume that roughly the same thing happens in other species who practice deception. However, both parts of the popular view may be false. With respect to the question of a self-concept, the most widely cited argument in favor of reflexive consciousness in chimpanzees comes from their well-demonstrated ability to recognize themselves in mirrors. Gallup ( 1998 ) and others have shown that chimpanzees and orangutans (but not other primates) use mirrors to explore their own bodies....

Wright, Frank Lloyd

Wright, Frank Lloyd (1867–1959)   Reference library

Paul Kruty

The Oxford Companion to Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,533 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and Unity Temple, with their similar Prairie vocabulary, Falling Water and the Johnson Wax building are wildly disparate in form and detail. Yet the basic dialectic approach remains the same: residential buildings embrace their surroundings, while public buildings are given self-reflexive interiors, detached from their contexts. Wright ’s amazing confidence and energy continued unabated. In 1931 , he established the Taliesin Fellowship as a school of architecture and de facto office force. He turned his attention to two of the leading issues of the European...

A/r/tography

A/r/tography   Reference library

Natalie LeBlanc and Rita L. Irwin

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
8,008 words
Illustration(s):
4

...a form of ecological inquiry, and the third, how through becoming medium, the pedagogical process is a participatory, self-reflexive process blending performative art practices with dialogic inquiry. Each project focuses on the encounter, emphasizing the collective and the relational, in which participants share moments of encounter where something unexpected and generative takes place, contributing to each participant in the collective’s self-knowledge while forming and informing the research. A/r/tography moves beyond static understandings of how we know by...

Punjabi

Punjabi   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
1,318 words
Illustration(s):
3

...admi admiã kυṛi kυṛiã Vocative mυṇḍia mυṇḍio admia admio kυṛie kυṛio Pronouns are inflected for number and case. They have a distinct genitive case form in addition to the direct and oblique, as shown in Table 5. The 2pl. pronoun is also used as an honorific. The reflexive pronoun ap ‘self’ has an oblique form əpna , and a possessive form identical with the oblique. Table 5. Punjabi Pronoun Paradigms Adverbs and postpositions are invariant, except that the genitive postposition is declined like an inflected adjective. The postpositions mark case...

Superheroes

Superheroes   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
1,159 words
Illustration(s):
1

...ambivalent about his status as a superhero, neurotically aware that he was different from other people. The Fantastic Four, a team of superheroes, were also a collection of prickly personalities, often squabbling among themselves. Marvel creator Stan Lee introduced a hip, self-reflexive quality into comic books, sometimes poking fun at the conventions of the genre. The conception of the flawed superhero and the sense of absurdity were in keeping with the ethos of the 1960s counterculture. In the following years superheroes became even more complicated, often...

Coetzee, J. M.

Coetzee, J. M. (1940)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,121 words
Illustration(s):
1

...legacies of colonial oppression. Coetzee’s fictions often have a meticulously detailed historical and political setting, but his work cannot be classified as belonging to a genre of realist representation. A striking feature of so much of Coetzee’s writing is its postmodern self-reflexive questioning of the limits of literary language, and the value of fiction as a means of constituting an ethical response to political events. In the critical essays collected in Giving Offense ( 1996 ), Coetzee reflects on the challenges and constraints facing artists...

Hindi

Hindi   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
2,094 words
Illustration(s):
2

...postposition have alternative forms with - e , thus mυjh ko or mυjhe ‘(to) me’. Hindi has a special 2nd person honorific pronoun ap , which does not change for distinctions of number and gender. The reflexive pronoun is also ap ‘self’, with an oblique and possessive form əpnA . The reduplicated form əpne ap is also used as a reflexive pronoun with all persons. The interrogative pronouns kɔn and kya are used for animate and inanimate respectively. The oblique forms of these are sg. kιs and pl. kιn , with syncretic forms kιse, kιnhẽ ,...

Scott, Walter

Scott, Walter   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,520 words
Illustration(s):
1

...his narcissism enjoys a rich and complex expansion, ironized against his ignorance of the historical reality of the scenes he traverses. Waverley's role as romantic reader endows our own act of reading with a critical reflexivity that his cognition, embedded within the story, lacks—until the failure of the rising brings a chastened self-awareness: “He felt himself entitled to say firmly, though perhaps with a sigh, that the romance of his life was ended, and that its real history had now commenced.” Despite this, Scott's novel does not trace anything so...

Theories of Generative Change in Teacher Education

Theories of Generative Change in Teacher Education   Reference library

Arnetha F. Ball

Oxford Encyclopedia of Global Perspectives on Teacher Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
9,122 words
Illustration(s):
1

...should actually do for the general well-being of others in society. Ball ( 2012 ) proposed that researchers should engage in a self-reflexive process of “reflection,” “introspection,” “critique,” and developing “personal voice” to move beyond advocating change to becoming agents of change” (p. 425). Ball ( 2012 ) also drew attention to this self-reflexive “generativity” as being the opposite of what Erikson describes as “self-absorption” ( Sdorow, 1998 , p. 139). Pithouse-Morgan and van Laren noted that the notion of generativity serves as a counterpoint...

Conceptualism

Conceptualism   Reference library

Luke Skrebowski, Luis Camnitzer, and Octavian Esanu

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
10,818 words
Illustration(s):
2

...it has taken. Recognizing that conceptualism has different histories and forms in separate cultural contexts, the second essay covers the wide range of conceptualism in Latin America, and the third explores conceptualism in Moscow. Overview Conceptual art staged a radical, self-reflexive critique of the limits and extension of the concept “art” as art . It involved a politicized attempt to negate art understood as a materially substantial object, the locus of the viewer’s gaze, and the occasion of aesthetic response. If the suffix “-ism” is habitually taken...

Hebrew

Hebrew   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
6,749 words
Illustration(s):
8

...in Table 9 are fairly typical for BH: VII is often the reflexive-reciprocal of III, and IV is the passive of III, which, in turn, is frequently a causative of I; and VI is the passive of V, which itself frequently functions as a second causative of I. II, although normally the medio-passive or reflexive of I, sometimes interchanges with VII. The MH chart for ḳ-d-š would be much the same, except in II, IV, and VII. II is no longer attested with this verb, no doubt because II is no longer used for reflexives. IVA–B have ceased to exist for virtually all verbs in...

Aramaic

Aramaic   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
1,675 words
Illustration(s):
4

...in gender, number, and state. Verbal derivation has three basic canonical patterns: an unmarked pattern; an “intensive” pattern, marked by the gemination of the middle root consonant; and a causative pattern with the prefix a -. For each of the three, a corresponding passive/reflexive is formed with the prefix et(t) - and a change of the stem vowels. A Syriac verb has the following inflectional forms: Perfect (a past tense), Imperfect (future and modal), Active Participle (serving as the present tense), Passive Participle (perfect), Imperative, and...

Blixen, Karen

Blixen, Karen (1885)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,627 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Notable too is the memoir of Blixen’s gifted cook Kamante Gatura, Longing for Darkness: Kamante’s Tales from Out of Africa ( 1975 ). Recent feminist and psychoanalytic criticism also opens new perspectives on Dinesen’s autobiography, finding there a more complex and self-reflexive text, with its innovative modernist uses of language and subjectivity. In 1985 , Sydney Pollack’s film adaptation of the autobiography renewed Dinesen’s vision of the elite settler colony in Kenya as the essence of Africa. Karen Blixen never returned to Africa. She became...

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