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perspectivism

See also epistemology; Thomas theorem. 1. Broadly, the stance that the truth of any knowledge or fact is tied to a particular frame of ...

transcranial magnetic stimulation

transcranial magnetic stimulation   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
1,565 words
Illustration(s):
4

...magnetic stimulation There are many ways of attempting to capture the scientific essence of consciousness. One can record brain activity that correlates with states of awareness ( see correlates of consciousness, scientific perspectivs ; electroencephalography ), study patients who have lost aspects of awareness ( see blindsight ), or manipulate awareness by using psychological techniques ( see change blindness ). One can also directly interfere with states of awareness by stimulating neurologically intact brains. This is achieved by ...

Novel

Novel   Reference library

Beatriz de Alba-Koch, Beatriz de Alba-Koch, Josna Rege, Harry Aveling, and Teri Shaffer Yamada

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
6,398 words
Illustration(s):
1

...techniques. His Memórias póstumas de Brás Cubas ( 1881 ; English trans., Epitaph of a Small Winner , 1952 ), a narration from the grave, is an early manifestation of the fantastic; his Dom Casmurro ( 1899 ; English trans., Dom Casmurro , 1953 ) is a forerunner of perspectivism. The predicament of women was paralleled in some nineteenth-century works to that of racially marginalized groups. A growing fascination among writers with the region's indigenous peoples gave rise to indianismo and indigenismo ; the former offers a romanticized portrayal...

Copland, Aaron

Copland, Aaron (14 Nov 1900)   Reference library

Howard Pollack

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
7,320 words
Illustration(s):
4

... PNM , xix (1980–81), 31–3 [incl. tributes by composers and colleagues] N. Butterworth : The Music of Aaron Copland (London, 1985) H. Pollack : Aaron Copland: the Life and Work of an Uncommon Man (New York, 1999) J. Tick and G Levin : Aaron Copland's America: a Cultural Perspectiv e (New York, 2000) P. Dickinson , ed.: Copland Connotations: Studies and Interviews (Rochester, 2004) E.B. Crist : Music for the Common Man: Aaron Copland During the Depression and War (New York, 2005) C. Oja and J. Tick , eds: Aaron Copland and His World (Princeton,...

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival

Indigenous Societies in Brazil before the European Arrival   Reference library

Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes

Oxford Encyclopedia of Brazilian History and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
History
Length:
8,106 words
Illustration(s):
1

...das Letras, 1992), 53–86. 38. Denise Maria Cavalcante Gomes , “ Politics and Ritual in Large Villages in Santarém, Lower Amazon, Brazil ,” Cambridge Archaeological Journal 27, no. 2 (2017): 275–293. 39. Eduardo Viveiros de Castro , “Cosmological Deixis and Amerindian Perspectivism,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 4, no. 3 (1988): 469–488. 40. Pierre Clastres , “A sociedade contra o Estado,” in A sociedade contra o Estado: Pesquisas de antropologia política (São Paulo: Cosac Naify, 2003), 11–79. 41. Carolina Levis et al.,...

Laughter

Laughter   Reference library

Anca Parvulescu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Literary Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
10,403 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Don Quijote , 52. 15. If we agree that the Quijote is the first modern novel, inventing, among other things, the very notion of fictionality as unreliability, arguably the Western literary project is foundationally anchored in this instance of racialization. 16. On the perspectivism inherent in Zoroida’s use of the Arabic word marfuces , see Leo Spitzer , Linguistic and Literary History: Essays in Stylistics (New York: Russell & Russell, 1962). Spitzer writes: “She is using an originally Arabic word for ‘treacherous’ which had come to be borrowed by...

Social Cartography in Educational Research

Social Cartography in Educational Research   Reference library

Rene Suša and Vanessa de Oliveira Andreotti

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods in Education

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Education
Length:
7,617 words
Illustration(s):
1

...perspectives on global citizenship education (pp. 68–83). New York, NY: Routledge. Flax, J. (1990). Thinking fragments: Psychoanalysis, feminism and postmodernism in the contemporary West . Berkeley: University of California Press. Gorostiaga, J. M. (2017). Perspectivism and social cartography: Contributions to comparative education. Educação & Realidade , 42 (3), 877–898. Harley, J. B. (1988). Maps, knowledge, and power. In D. Cosgrove & S. Daniels (Eds.), The iconography of landscape: Essays on the symbolic representation, design and...

Water and Sewers in the American City

Water and Sewers in the American City   Reference library

Joel A. Tarr

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
8,027 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the evolution of these systems. Melosi’s work on both water and wastewater systems must be the starting point for any investigation of these topics. Many comprehensive articles are included in Tarr’s volume The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution in Historical Perspectiv e and Devastation and Renewal: An Environmental History of Pittsburgh and Its Region . 50 Early methods of dealing with household plumbing issues are insightfully analyzed in Maureen Ogle’s All the Modern Conveniences: American Household Plumbing, 1840–1890 . 51 In...

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