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interleukin-20

(IL-20) One of the IL-10 family of cytokines, produced by monocytes and keratinocytes, and an autocrine factor for keratinocytes. The receptor is up-regulated dramatically in ...

Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate as a Biomarker for Stress and Aging Research

Erythrocyte Sedimentation rate as a Biomarker for Stress and Aging Research   Reference library

Carolyn M. Aldwin and Ritwik Nath

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
5,396 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of inflammation. Erythrocytes (Greek erythros for “red” and kytos for “hollow vessel”) are red blood cells. ESR is a widely available, inexpensive, albeit nonspecific measure of general inflammatory processes, which correlates with other inflammatory measures such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP), at least in clinical samples ( Boss & Neeck, 2000 ; Gratacos et al., 1994 ). ESR is of particular interest in gerontology, as it is associated with many of the acute and chronic illnesses that older adults face. It may also have...

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications

The Roles of Psychological Stress, Physical Activity, and Dietary Modifications on Cardiovascular Health Implications   Reference library

Chun-Jung Huang, Matthew J. McAllister, and Aaron L. Slusher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
12,608 words
Illustration(s):
2

...experiments designed to mimic acute psychological stress in a controlled setting demonstrate that cellular gene expression, signaling the process of protein synthesis, and plasma concentration of the proinflammatory cytokines (immune cells that promote systemic inflammation) interleukin (IL)-1 β ‎, IL-6, and, to a lesser extent, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α ‎) are transiently increased in a manner dependent upon current stress status and how an individual perceives the intensity of the stressor ( Brydon et al., 2005 ; Steptoe, Hamer, & Chida, 2007 ;...

Physical Activity and Stress Reactivity

Physical Activity and Stress Reactivity   Reference library

Stephen H. Boutcher

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Medicine and health, Clinical Medicine
Length:
10,759 words
Illustration(s):
1

...skeletal muscle blood flow, and arterial stiffness. An accompanying increase in activity of the adreneomedullary, hypothalamic, and pituitary axes results in a release of a number of stress hormones (e.g., catecholamines, cortisol), and inflammatory cytokines (e.g., interleukin-6, C-reactive protein) that contribute to the reactivity response and elevate the risk of cardiovascular disease ( Huang, Webb, Zourdos, & Acevedo, 2013 ). Other responses activated during exposure to stressors are starting to be examined. For example, the effect of an acute...

Integrated Theories of Biological Aging

Integrated Theories of Biological Aging   Reference library

Conscience P. Bwiza, Jyung Mean Son, and Changhan Lee

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Psychology and Aging

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology
Length:
17,364 words
Illustration(s):
1

...an evolutionarily conserved set of sensors and trigger a limited number of inflammatory responses ( Franceschi, Garagnani, Parini, Giulani, & Santoro, 2018 ). In fact, older individuals have been shown to have consistently elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines, especially interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor- α ‎ (TNF- α ‎) ( Ershler et al., 1993 ; Fagiolo et al., 1993 ; Singh & Newman, 2011 ; J. Wei, Xu, Davies, & Hemmings, 1992 ). Also, pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with age-related diseases like atherosclerosis ( Libby, ...

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