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bare life

Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben's concept for life that has been exposed to what he terms the structure of exception that constitutes contemporary biopower. The term originates in ...

Antony and Cleopatra

Antony and Cleopatra   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,330 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...Princess’s in 1890 . Although Beerbohm Tree staged a predictably lavish version in 1907 , this approach to the play had already been superseded in Frank Benson ’s much sparer production (with himself as Antony) at Stratford, seconded by Robert Atkins ’s revolutionary, almost bare-stage production at the Old Vic in 1922 , in which Edith Evans played her first Cleopatra. Throughout the play’s stage history, productions in which both central performances have been equally praised have been rare: for many Vivien Leigh ’s Cleopatra ( 1951 ) outshone...

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

Hamlet, Prince of Denmark   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
4,261 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...despite being the most familiar play in the world, Hamlet still seems one of the most excitingly unpredictable, its ending as abrupt and tragic an interruption as ever. Critical history: It would be impossible, even in a book-length study, to do full justice to any more than the bare outlines of this play’s impact, not just in literary criticism and on the stage, but on Western culture at large: its characters have entered the realm of myth, and its motifs have been endlessly reworked, in fiction ( Gothic and otherwise), painting , opera , and film no...

ʿAbbas Hilmi II

ʿAbbas Hilmi II (1874)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,145 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Hilmi II died in Geneva in 1944 , leaving substantial memoirs and diaries that recorded his life from his own unique angle. [ See also Farid, Muhammad ; Fuʾad I, Ahmad ; Ismaʿil ; Kamil, Mustafa ; and Kitchener, Horatio .] bibliography Abbas, Hilmi II . The Last Khedive of Egypt: Memoirs of Abbas Hilmi II , edited and translated by Amira Sonbol . Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 1998. Baring, Evelyn (Earl of Cromer). Abbas II . London: Macmillan, 1915. Baring, Evelyn (Earl of Cromer). Modern Egypt . l2 vols. London: Macmillan, 1908. Goldschmidt,...

Murphy, Gerald

Murphy, Gerald (26 March 1888)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
610 words
Illustration(s):
1

...is the Best Revenge: Two Americans in Paris, 1921–1933 (New York, 1971) [biog.] The Paintings of Gerald Murphy (exh. cat. by W. Rubin , New York, MOMA, 1974) An American Painter in Paris: Gerald Murphy (exh. cat., by R. Stewart , Dallas, TX, Dallas Mus. A., 1986) N. V. N. Baer and others: Paris Modern: The Swedish Ballet, 1920–1925 (exh. cat., San Francisco, CA, F.A. Museums, and elsewhere, 1995), esp. pp. 108–17 Americans in Paris (1921–1931): Man Ray, Gerald Murphy, Stuart Davis, Alexander Calder (exh. cat. by E. Hutton Turner and others,...

Ornament and pattern

Ornament and pattern   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
7,818 words
Illustration(s):
4

...: “ The Conquering Lion, the Life Cycle of a Symbol, ” Oriens , xvii (1964), pp. 161–71 E. Baer : Sphinxes and Harpies in Medieval Islamic Art (Jerusalem, 1965) E. Baer : “ The Suaire de St Lazare: An Early Datable Hispano-Islamic Embroidery, ” Orient. A. , n. s. xiii (1967), pp. 36–49 E. Baer : “ Fish-pond Ornaments on Persian and Mamluk Metal Vessels, ” Bull. SOAS , xxxi (1968), pp. 14–27 E. Baer : “ The ‘Pila’ of Játiva: A Document of Secular Urban Art in Western Islam, ” Kst Orients , vii (1970–71), pp. 144–66 E. Baer : “An Islamic Inkwell in the...

Subject matter

Subject matter   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
13,008 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Aboensis, 16 (Stockholm, 1996), pp. 219–27 R. Shani : A Monumental Manifestation of the Shī῾ite Faith in late Twelfth-Century Iran: The Case of the Ganbad-I ῾Alawiyān, Hamadān, Oxford Studies in Islamic Art , 11 (Oxford, 1996) E. Baer : “ Female Images in Early Islam, ” Damas. Mitt., xi (1999), pp. 13–24 E. Baer : “ The Human Figure in Early Islamic Art: Some Preliminary Remarks, ” Muqarnas, xvi (1999), pp. 32–41 E. Koch : “The Just Hunter: Renaissance Calendar Illustrations and the Representation of the Mughal Hunt,” Islam and the Italian...

Tanaka, Yasushi

Tanaka, Yasushi (1920)   Reference library

Benezit Dictionary of Asian Artists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
398 words
Illustration(s):
1

...his life his work bore the traces of his first thrilling encounter with the vastness of the American West, which stood in such contrast to the country of his childhood. And although he preferred the techniques of the French School to traditional Japanese techniques, his work is free of schoolish influence, the purity and harmony of his colours being learnt from nature directly. He exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and at the Salon d'Automne, the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon des Tuileries. Museum and Gallery Holdings Tokyo: Bare Back...

Our Town

Our Town   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the American Musical

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Performing arts, Music
Length:
674 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Field Mr. Webb Paul Hartman Mrs. Webb Peg Hillias Rebecca Gibbs Shelley Fabares Our Town Musical Numbers “Our Town” “Love and Marriage” “The Impatient Years” “A Perfect Married Life” “Look to Your Heart” “Wasn't It a Wonderful Wedding?” space that the forty-member orchestra was put in another room and watched the monitor for cues. Because the original play was performed on a bare stage, the use of a television studio for the musical was in keeping with Wilder's vision. However, the playwright was not happy with the broadcast, thought it too sentimental, and...

David

David   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
551 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the figure of the Christ-king , he was also his prophet and forebear. We can differentiate between a juvenile David, shepherd or warrior, and an older David, king and psalmist. David could be represented beardless, wearing a simple tunic (exomis, leaving one side of his chest bare, in early Christian art; short peasant tunic in medieval art). He also often carried a shepherd's crook. Surrounded by his flock, he was the Good Shepherd. This Image sometimes recalls the ancient model of Orpheus. The shepherd's youth could equally apply to the warlike vigour...

Erosion

Erosion   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
3,082 words
Illustration(s):
1

...it becomes concentrated into flow paths, its velocity increases, and it is able to cut small channels or rills into the land surface. Dense rill networks can be formed on bare farmland during intense rainstorms; they are also a feature of slopes left bare of vegetation for several months at a time, such as road cuttings, embankments, industrial sites, and residential areas left bare while construction work is in progress. In many situations, rill channels do not cut very deeply because the underlying material is less weathered, more compact, and therefore...

Development

Development   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences, Social sciences, Anthropology
Length:
11,771 words
Illustration(s):
2

...ideas for his evolutionary theories from von Baer. These included (1) a branching versus linear form of descent, (2) the idea that similar structures reveal common descent, and (3) the idea of using embryonic forms in classification. Because differences in adult form arise during development, von Baer's laws also led Darwin to see that the predictable similarities between the embryonic forms of different groups of organisms were strong support for his theory of evolution. Together, the ideas of von Baer, Schleiden and Schwann, and Darwin formed the...

Louis, Joe

Louis, Joe (b. 13 May 1914)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,782 words
Illustration(s):
1

...bearer and representative. Louis's next four bouts, through the beginning of the following year, further cemented his reputation as a great fighter. He battered the contenders King Levinsky , Paolino Uzcudun , and Charley Retzlaff , and he knocked out the former champion Max Baer . Despite deep distress among many whites that a black fighter was beating white fighters in high-profile matches, the public was generally accepting of Louis, and a championship bout seemed inevitable. However, Louis suffered a setback on 19 June 1936 , losing by knockout to the...

Erosion

Erosion   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
2,952 words
Illustration(s):
1

...runoff over the land surface is reduced. The percentage of the annual rainfall contributing to runoff varies from less than 1% in densely vegetated areas to nearly 60% in urban areas and on bare soil. By determining the fate of the rainfall, the vegetation cover directly influences the erosion by raindrop impact and surface runoff. Raindrop Impact Raindrop impact on bare soil is a powerful agent of particle detachment. Norman Hudson ( 1934–1996 ) carried out a simple but classic experiment in the 1950s in Zimbabwe to show the importance of covering the soil...

Life and Times of Frederick Douglass

Life and Times of Frederick Douglass   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,095 words
Illustration(s):
2

...said the imperious master; he was obeyed. ‘Take off your jacket, you old rascal!’ and off came Barney's jacket. ‘Down on your knees!’ down knelt the old man, his shoulders bare, his bald head glistening in the sunshine, and his aged knees on the cold, damp ground. In this humble and debasing attitude, that master, to whom he had devoted the best years and the best strength of his life, came forward and laid on thirty lashes with his horse-whip.” Recounting Gore's shooting of the slave Bill Denby, Douglass says: “He offended this Mr. Austin Gore, and in...

Beck

Beck   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,559 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Kst , lxxxvi (1966), p. 16 K. Löcher : ‘ Studien zur oberdeutschen Bildnismalerei des 16. Jahrhunderts ’, Jb. Staatl. Kstsamml. Baden-Württemberg , iv (1967), pp. 42–3 Staatsgalerie Augsburg städtische Kunstsammlungen , i (Augsburg, 1967), pp. 15–21 [entries by G. Goldberg] C. Baer : Die Italienischen Bau- und Ornamentformen in der Augsburger Kunst zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts (Frankfurt am Main, Berne and New York, 1993) Neues vom Weisskunig: Geschichte und Selbstdarstellung Kaiser Maximilians I. in Holzschnitten (exh. cat. by H.-M. Kaulbach;...

Lacquer

Lacquer   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,468 words
Illustration(s):
1

...London, Bernheimer F.A. Ltd., 1986) B. W. Robinson : “ Qajar Lacquer, ” Muqarnas , vi (1989), pp. 131–46 B. W. Robinson : “Lacquer in the University of Oxford,” Islamic Art in the Ashmolean Museum , ed. J. Allan , Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, x/2 (Oxford, 1995), pp. 45–61 E. Baer : “ Traditionalism or Forgery: A Note on Persian Lacquer Painting, ” Artibus Asiae , lv/3 (1995), pp. 343–79 N. D. Khalili , B. W. Robinson and T. Stanley : Lacquer of the Islamic Lands (1996), xxii of The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art (London, 1992– ) L. S....

Arabesque

Arabesque   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,084 words
Illustration(s):
1

...an Ornament (Graz, 1976) S. Morison : “Venice and the Arabesque Ornament,” Selected Essays on the History of Letter-forms in Manuscript and Print , ed. D. McKitterick (Cambridge, 1981), pp. 142–58 T. Allen : Five Essays on Islamic Art (Sebastopol, CA, 1988), pp. 1–9, 52–4 E. Baer : Islamic Ornament (Edinburgh, 1998) O. Grabar : The Mediation of Ornament (Princeton, 1998) M. Khazaie : “ The Source and Religious Symbolism of the Arabesque in Medieval Islamic Art of Persia, ” Cent. Asiat. J. , xlix/1 (2005), pp. 27–50 S. S. Blair and J. M. Bloom : ...

New World Vultures

New World Vultures   Reference library

The New Encyclopedia of Birds

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
1,255 words
Illustration(s):
3

...World Vultures New and old world vultures are similar in appearance, both having the hooked bill, bare head and neck, and large, broad wings that suit them to the scavenging way of life. Yet they are no longer considered to be closely related, being most easily separated by their nostrils, which are perforated in the New World species. Furthermore, fossil evidence indicates that there used to be New World vultures living in the Old World and vice versa, so that even the geographical separation of the two groups is deceptive and only relatively recent . The...

Holl

Holl   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,865 words
Illustration(s):
1

...pp. 5–22 B. Roeck : Elias Holl: Architekt einer europäischen Stadt (Regensburg, 1985), pp. 260–68 H.-W. Kruft and A.-R. Lepik : ‘ Das Geometrie- und Messbuch von Elias Holl ’, Architectura , xv (1985), pp. 1–12 Elias Holl und das Augsburger Rathaus (exh. cat., ed. W. Baer , H.-W. Kruft and B. Roeck ; Augsburg, Stadtarchv, 1985) J. Zimmer : Joseph Heintz der Ältere (Munich and Berlin, 1988) B. Roeck : Elias Holl: Ein Architekt der Renaissance (Regensburg,...

Kennedy, Adrienne

Kennedy, Adrienne (13 September 1931)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
960 words
Illustration(s):
1

...emotion that lay bare the inner conflict of her protagonists. Adrienne Kennedy has won three Obie Awards for her plays and has taught drama and playwriting at Yale, Harvard, Brown, and the University of California at Berkeley. Courtesy of Signature Theatre Company, New York, by permission of Adrienne Kennedy Kennedy’s later plays include An Evening with Dead Essex , A Movie Star Has to Star in Black and White , and Orestes and Electra . People Who Led to My Plays ( 1987 ) is a scrapbook-like memoir of her childhood and early adult life. Deadly Triplets ...

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