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Overview

abhaya

Subject: Religion

A formal vow taken by saṃnyāsins never to kill or do violence to any living creature.

abhaya-mudrā

abhaya-mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
102 words
Illustration(s):
1

...-mudrā (Skt., gesture of fearlessness). Iconographic hand gesture ( mudrā ) whose purpose is to dispel fear and communicate protection, benevolence, and peace. Commonly found in representations of the Buddha and celestial Bodhisattvas, where the figure is usually depicted standing with the right arm bent, the palm raised and facing forwards, and the fingers joined. This gesture is rare among figures of lower status. There are many variations in which the left hand is also used, such as the double abhaya-mudrā found in south-east Asia, or in...

ānandatāṇḍava

ānandatāṇḍava   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
113 words
Illustration(s):
1

... of Śiva Naṭarāja , the best-known example being at Cidambaram , where it represents Śiva wildly and ecstatically dancing one world age ( yuga ) to destruction and ushering in the next. The figure is four-armed: the upper right hand holds a drum, the lower right makes the abhaya-mudrā , the upper left holds a flame, the lower left points to the god's raised left foot, beneath which the devotee may take refuge. With his right foot, Śiva is standing on the dwarf, Apasmāra , who symbolizes ignorance. The whole image is usually surrounded by a flaming...

mudrā

mudrā   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
198 words
Illustration(s):
1

...’ ( dharma-cakra-mudrā ), the first finger and thumb of each hand forming a circle; the earth-touching mudrā ( bhūmi-sparśa-mudrā ), the right hand touching the earth calling it to witness the Buddha's enlightenment ( bodhi ); and the gesture of protection or fearlessness ( abhaya-mudrā ), the right arm extended with palm facing forwards. The repertoire of hand mudrās in Buddhist iconography is extensive, and is a key to identifying the figures depicted. Mudrās become increasingly important in Mahāyāna and particularly in Vajrayāna Buddhism , where...

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