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Games and Sports

Games and Sports   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
2,622 words
Illustration(s):
2

...August 6, 2004. http.//www.rferl.org/featuresarticle/2004/08/4378bd27-94bd-436b-bef7-05adf4aa9d28.html . Nambiar, Shanthy , and Shamim Adam . “Muslim Swimwear Eases Australian divide, Makes Waves in Market.” http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20670001&refer&=home&sid=aVptIJY9X7yQ . “Piscataway: First Islamic Games will be held.” http://www.icna.org/icna-press-clippings/let-the-islamic-games-begin.html . Qaraḍāwī, Yūsuf al- . Islamic Education and Hassan al Banna . Translated by Shakil Ahmed . Beirut, 1984. Rahman, Afzalur . Role of Muslim Women in...

Popular Religion

Popular Religion   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
20,911 words
Illustration(s):
1

...local belief and practice and therefore antagonizing his already-estranged group. Louis Farrakhan, once his friend, demanded his death. A few months later, in 1965 , Malcolm X was shot. Spike Lee's 1992 film Malcolm X revealed the complexity and character of Malcolm X. It also revealed his continuing relevance to America. The first American Muslim martyr, Malcolm X, ironically, has of late been recognized as a modern popular icon—not just a marginal black leader. In the 1970s, important changes were taking place among the Black Muslims. After...

Arabic Literature

Arabic Literature   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
6,985 words
Illustration(s):
2

...into European literature. The book of animal fables Kalilah wa Dimnah , originally translated from the Sanskrit Pancatantra into Middle Persian, and then into Arabic in ʿAbbāsid Baghdad by the Persian vizier Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ , was translated into Spanish at the court of Alfonso X. The Sindbad legends were also translated into Spanish as Libro de los Engaños , and the popular work of advice literature, El Conde Lucanor , included a number of stories based on Arabic proverbs. Philosophical Influences. From quite early in the development of Islamic orthodoxy,...

Islam

Islam   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
46,709 words
Illustration(s):
19

...their home straddling major trade routes in the Indian Ocean. A disproportionately urban population—40 percent are city dwellers in a country that is only 20 percent urbanized—they trace their ancestry through both migration and conversion on a patrilineal model going back to the seventh century ce and the time of Muḥammad. They are a small community, numbering perhaps 7 percent of the total population of 20 million Sri Lankans ( 2007 census). The majority of Sinhalas are Theravada Buddhists, with a minority of Tamil Hindus in one section of the island. It is...

Mosque

Mosque   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
18,226 words
Illustration(s):
5

...Sister Clara Muhammad schools have been operating since the early 1970s. Like these schools, which were named after the wife of the Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad , many Muslim schools are given the names of well-known figures in Muslim history, such al-Ghazālī , Malcolm X ( El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz ), and Averroës ( Ibn Rushd ). The Lycée Averroës in Lille, France, was granted permission to operate France 's first private institute of Islamic studies in 2003 by the city 's education authorities. Other schools adopt Arabic names that evoke goals...

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