You are looking at 1-20 of 49 entries  for:

  • Art & Architecture x
  • Results with images only x
clear all

View:

Egypt

Egypt   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,870 words
Illustration(s):
4

...of Tradition: Neo-Islamic Architecture in Cairo,” Akten des XXVIII. internationalen Kongresses für Kunstgeschichte : Berlin, 1992, pp. 425–36 K. Asfour : “ The Domestication of Knowledge: Cairo at the Turn of the Century, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 125–37 M. al-Asad : “ The Mosque of al-Rifa῾i in Cairo, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 108–24 T. M. R. Sakr : Early Twentieth-century Islamic Architecture in Cairo (Cairo, 1993) N. Warner : An Egyptian Panorama: Portraits from the 19th century British Press (Cairo, 1994) I. Bierman : Urban Memory and the...

Mosul

Mosul   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
713 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Iraq Mus.; see Woodwork , §I, A, 2 ). Diosocurides with a Pupil holding a Mandrake by Yusuf al- Mawsili, 192x140 mm; illustration from an Arabic translation of Dioscurides: De materia medica , from Mosul, 1228 (Istanbul, Topkapi Palace Museum, MS. Ahmet III 2127, fol. 2b); photo credit: Werner Formen/Art Source, NY Enc. Islam/2 : “Mawṣil” F. Sarre and E. Herzfeld : Archäologische Reise im Euphrat- und Tigris-Gebiet , 4 vols. (Berlin, 1911–20), ii, pp. 203–305 S. al-Daywahji [Dewachi]: “ Jāmi῾ al-nabī Jurjīs fī῾l-Mawṣil ” [The mosque of Nabi Jurjis in...

Iran, Islamic Republic of

Iran, Islamic Republic of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
4,089 words
Illustration(s):
3

...distinct traditions. Oil, discovered in the early 20th century, is an important source of revenue, and there are reserves of natural gas, coal, copper and iron ore. As well as oil refining, the manufacture of carpets is a major industry. Iran has traditionally been one of the most creative of the Islamic lands, and its artistic traditions are covered in the relevant sections of architecture and the individual media such as ceramics, metalware, etc. This article covers the arts produced in the country in the 20th century and early 21st. Enc. Islam/2; Enc. Iran...

Fatimid

Fatimid   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,429 words
Illustration(s):
1

...son histoire (Paris, 1999) [articles from a 1998 conference on the Fatimids] G. Leiser : “ Muslims from Al-Andalus in the Madrasas of late Fatimid and AiyU-bid Egypt, ” Al-Qantara , xx/1 (1999), pp. 137–59 B. Finster : “ On Masjid al-Juyūshī on the Muqattam, ” Archéol. Islam. , x (2000), pp. 65–78 M. Brett : The Rise of the Fatimids: The World of the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the Fourth Century of the Hijra, Tenth century CE , The Medieval Mediterranean , 30 (Leiden and Boston, 2001) P. E. Walker : Exploring an Islamic Empire: Fatimid History...

Furniture

Furniture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,409 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of histories”; Edinburgh, U. Lib., MS 20), often show the vizier or scribe seated on a folding stool next to the enthroned ruler. Several new types of royal furniture based on Chinese models were introduced to the eastern Islamic lands as a result of the Mongol conquest in the 13th century, although it is not clear whether actual examples of Chinese furniture or depictions of it were imported. For example, a throne with a flat seat enclosed on three sides by decorative panels ( see Woodwork , color pl. 3:X, fig. 1), sometimes with dragon or phoenix...

Heraldry

Heraldry   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,092 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Stud. , iii/2 (1990), pp. 235–49 M. Meinecke : “Heraldry and Furūsiyya,” Furusiyya.Volume I: The Horse in the Art of the Near East , ed. D. Alexander (1996), pp. 152–7 M. Milwright : “ The Cup of the Sāqī: Origins of an Emblem of the Mamluk Khāṣṣakiyya, ” Aram Periodical , ix–x (1997), pp. 241–56 V. Tamari : “Two Ottoman Ceremonial Banners in Jerusalem,” Ottoman Jerusalem, the Living City: 1517–1917 , ed. S. Auld and R. Hillenbrand (London, 2000), pp. 317–23 E. J. Whelan : The Public Figure: Political Iconography in Medieval Mesopotamia (London,...

Kairouan

Kairouan   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,275 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., 2 vols. (Tunis, 1948–52) B. Roy and L. Poinssot : Inscriptions arabes de Kairouan , 2 vols. (Paris, 1950–58) M. Solignac : “Recherches sur les installations hydrauliques de Kairouan et des steppes tunisiennes du VIIe au XIe siècle (  J.C.),” An. Inst. Etud. Orient. U. Alger , x (1952), pp. 5–273; xi (1953), pp. 60–170 G. Marçais : L’Architecture musulmane d’occident (Paris, 1954) P. Sebag : La Grande Mosquée de Kairouan (Zurich, 1963; Eng. trans. by R. Howard , New York, 1965) A. Lézine : Architecture de l’Ifriqiya: Recherches sur les monuments...

Coins

Coins   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,765 words
Illustration(s):
36

...of the 7th century, obverse and reverse: (a) silver drahm with the name of Khusraw, diam. 28 mm, minted at Darapgird, Iran, year 30 of the Yazdegird era, 661–2; (b) gold solidus, diam. 20 mm, minted at Damascus, Syria, 692–4; (c) bronze fals, diam. 21mm, minted at Emesa (Homs), Syria, 693–4; (d) silver drahm, diam. 31 mm, minted at Damascus, Syria, 693–4; (e) gold dinar, diam. 20 mm, minted at ?Damascus, Syria, 694-5; (f) gold dinar, diam. 19 mm, minted at ?Damascus, Syria, 696–7 (New York, American Numismatic Society); photo credit: American Numismatic Society,...

Oil painting

Oil painting   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,435 words
Illustration(s):
2

...painting . The traditional formats for painting in the Islamic world were book illustration ( see Illustration ) and wall painting ( see Architecture , §X, C ); oil paintings on canvas were a relatively late development. In Iran they began to be produced after the intensification of contacts with Europe in the 17th century, but the link with book production remained strong, so that the best examples give the impression of being enlarged miniatures. In Turkey an indigenous tradition of oil painting was established only in the 19th century, while it was...

Seville

Seville   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,253 words
Illustration(s):
2

...stone wall restored by the Almohads, the Puerta de León, and three gardens, including the excavated El Yeso and Patio de Crucero, survive. After the Reconquista the Alcázar became the favorite residence of the monarchs of Castile. In the second half of the 13th century Alfonso X ( r . 1252–84 ) built a Gothic palace (Cuarto del Caracol) that transformed the Almohad building and incorporated a garden into it. About 1340 Alfonso XI of Castile and León ( r. 1312–50 ) built the Sala de la Justicia, the first example of Andalusian Mudéjar art. It was,...

Lahore

Lahore   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
1,727 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to Early-seventeenth-century Written and Visual Sources,” Gardens in the Time of the Great Muslim Empires: Theory and Design , ed. A. Petruccioli (Leiden, 1997), pp. 161–72 A. Rehmani : “ The Persian Glazed Tile Revetment of Mughal Buildings in Lahore, ” Lahore Mus. Bull. , x–xi (1997), pp. 75–98 I. H. Nadiem : Historic Mosques of Lahore (Lahore, 1998) N. A. Chaudry : Lahore Fort: A Witness to History (Lahore, 1999) A. Rehmani : Masterpieces: Lahore Museum (Lahore, 1999) N. A. Chaudry : A Short History of Lahore and Some of its Monuments (Lahore,...

Samarra

Samarra   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,509 words
Illustration(s):
2

...pilgrimage trade to the shrines of the imams until the 20th century. The site was first excavated under the direction of Henri Viollet in 1907 and 1909 and ernst Herzfeld in 1911 and 1913 . German excavations were curtailed by the outbreak of World War I. Archaeological fieldwork recommenced in the 1930s, and in the 1980s Northedge began a systematic survey which was hampered by political developments in the 1990s. The construction of a dam to prevent flooding downstream in the first half of the 20th century ultimately led to a sharp increase in the...

Yemen Republic of

Yemen Republic of   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,256 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with bands of geometric patterns formed by protruding bricks, which may be whitewashed annually. The bands surround the windows or mark the different stories. Arched or semicircular fanlights contain colored glass in geometric or floral patterns ( see also Architecture , §X, E ). The former summer palace of Imam Yahya ( r. 1904–48 ) at Wadi Dahr, 15 km northwest of San῾a, was built in the 1930s. The multi-story Dar al-Hajar consists of a group of palaces built on top of a rock. It has gypsum decoration in San῾a style and ornate fanlights. In Sa῾da...

Damascus

Damascus   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
3,340 words
Illustration(s):
2

...walls. In the late 19th century and early 20th, Damascus experienced a wave of modernization. Main streets were widened, and such public utilities as gas mains, water mains and a tramway were installed. A new administrative center was built on the meadowland beside the Barada River to the west of the city. Surviving buildings include the ῾Abid house, the central courtyard of which served as a light well for the surrounding stories of rooms, and the Hijaz railway station, designed by a Spanish architect in the early 20th century as the modern departure point for...

Architecture

Architecture   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
117,015 words
Illustration(s):
77

...Yemen, ” Pantheon , xlv (1987), pp. 4–20 J. Raby : “ Between Sogdia and the Mamlūks: A Note on the Earliest Illustrations to Kalīla wa Dimna, ” Orient. A. , n. s., xxxiii (1987–8), pp. 381–98 Oxus: 2000 Jahre Kunst am Oxus-Fluss im Mittelasien. Neue Funde aus der Sowjetrepublik Tadschikistan (exh. cat., Zurich, Mus. Rietberg, 1989) L. Golombek : “ The Paysage as Funerary Imagery in the Timurid Period, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 241–52 T. W. Lentz : “ Dynastic Imagery in Early Timurid Wall Painting, ” Muqarnas , x (1993), pp. 253–65 S. Babaie : “ Shah...

Istanbul

Istanbul   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
12,237 words
Illustration(s):
5

...The font in the Treasury Apartments was reportedly used as a safe for cash. 5. Istanbul, plan of Topkapı Palace, mid-15th century to the 20th: (i) First Court; (ii) Second Court; (iii) Third Court; (iv) Fourth Court; (v) Arcade of the Chamber of the Holy Mantle (Hırket-i Saadet); (vi) ancient well (Dolcap Ocaği); (vii) Inner Treasury; (viii) Treasury Apartments (Conqueror’s Kiosk); (ix) Middle Gate or Gate of Salutation; (x) Arcade of the Conqueror’s Kiosk (Fatih Köşkü); (xi) Tower of Justice; (xii) Council Hall (Divan); (xiii) Throne-room; (xiv) Circumcision...

Isfahan

Isfahan   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
5,266 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Imam Khomeini Mosque (1b; 1611–66 ; see §III, C below); on the east was the mosque of Sheikh Lutfallah (1c; 1603–19 ; see §III, D below); on the north was the portal ( 1619–20 ) to a long covered bazaar (1d; see §III, E below), which connected the new center with the old; and on the west was the entrance to the royal palace complex (1e; see §§III, F–H below), which contained at least 20 pavilions connected by hanging passageways. Beyond the palace complex, the Chahar Bagh, a wide avenue with trees and water channels, led south to the Si-o-sih pul (Bridge of...

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
10,162 words
Illustration(s):
8

...the Vienna Universal Exhibition in 1873 . Laghych remained the primary center of quality copper production until the 20th century. Several generations of famed masters had their workshops there, including Ali (17th century), Akhad Keble Kerbalai Husein (19th century), the Mammadov family (19th–20th century) and Sarkhan and Nagi Aliyev (20th century). Artists still used embossed reliefs for the interiors of public buildings. At the turn of the 20th century new types of metalwares appeared to meet the demands of the local bourgeoisie who had grown rich during the...

Malaysia

Malaysia   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
10,223 words
Illustration(s):
2

...on the west of the river. The city was gradually transformed into an administrative and commercial center from the middle of the 20th century, which resulted in a rapid increase of the indigenous population (mainly Malays). The nucleus of the central area of Kuala Lumpur coincides with the Old Town constructed before 1884 and is defined by the areas reserved for the railway, the bus terminal and the central market. Around the mid-20th century, suburban residential and shopping areas began to be established around the fringes of Kuala Lumpur, notably Petaling...

Stucco and plasterwork

Stucco and plasterwork   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Religion
Length:
2,591 words
Illustration(s):
3

...7th century or the early 8th, well after the region was conquered by Muslim forces. A distinctively Islamic style of stucco decoration emerged only in the 9th century, and the extensive use of stucco persisted in western Islamic lands and the Iranian world ( see Architecture , §X, A, 1 ). Gypsum was freely available throughout the region. The 10th-century geographer Ibn Hawqal mentioned that deposits of superb quality were found near Nishapur in Khurasan, and the material was widely exported. Stucco was made of pure gypsum and dissolved glue or of a mixture...

View: