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Adams, Robert

Adams, Robert (8 May 1937)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
307 words
Illustration(s):
1

...by Robert Adams of the Los Angeles Basin, 1978–1983 (exh. cat. by R. Hass , San Francisco, CA, Fraenkel Gallery and New York, Matthew Marks Gallery, 2000) T. Weski : “ Robert Adams, ” Camera Austria , lxxxix (2005), pp. 9–21 C. Mallinson : “ Robert Adams: Reformed Formalist, ” X-TRA: Contemp. A. Q. , ix/2 (Winter 2006), pp. 28–35 Mary...

Riemerschmid, Richard

Riemerschmid, Richard (20 June 1868)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
452 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Georgenstrasse 7 (Munich, 1990) A. Sinzel : Die Idee aber will weiter wachsen: Planung und Bau der Hagener Arbeitersiedlung Walddorf durch Richard Riemerschmid (Hagen, 2000) W. O. Harrod : The Deutsche Werkstatten and the Dissemination of Mainstream Modernity , Stud. Dec. A. , x/2 (Spring–Summer 2003), pp....

Technical examination

Technical examination   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
15,158 words
Illustration(s):
5

..., xxvi (2005), pp. 4–22 3. X-ray radiography. X-rays penetrate solid materials that are opaque to light and can thus reveal details of construction deep within an object. The object to be examined is placed in the X-ray beam, and the penetrating X-rays impinge on an X-ray sensitive film beneath the object. Variations in density within the object result in differential absorption of the X-rays and thus appear as variations in contrast on the film, dark areas on the film corresponding to low density and vice-versa. Using X-ray radiography, it is possible,...

cross

cross   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,442 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., or suspended. Roods often have a representation of the Crucifixion with Sts Mary and John on either side; St Andrew : X or saltire cross; St Anthony : T or Tau cross; St James : Latin cross fleurée , with each arm terminating in three leaves, like the fleur-de-lys , although the base is usually pointed; St Julian : X or saltire cross with each arm terminating in a Latin cross; St Peter : Latin cross set upside-down; saltire : X -shaped cross, also known as St Andrew’s cross. If each arm terminates in a Latin cross, it is a St Julian’s ...

Rock crystal

Rock crystal   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
769 words
Illustration(s):
1

...mittelalterliches Glas sowie kleinere Arbeiten aus Stein, Gagat und verwandten Stoffen in den Vatikanischen Sammlungen Roms (Rome, 1975) A. El-Khouly : Egyptian Stone Vessels , 3 vols (Mainz, 1978) A. Krug : ‘Die “kauernde Aphrodite” in Kristall’, J. Paul Getty Museum Journal , x (1982), pp. 145–52 Y. Hackenbroch : ‘Reinhold Vasters: Goldsmith’, Metropolitan Museum Journal , xix/xx (1984/85), pp. 163–268 H. Hahnloser and S. Brugger-Koch : Corpus der Hartsteinschliffe des 12.–15. Jahrhunderts (Berlin, 1985) R. Ettinghausen and O. Grabar : The Art and...

Cradle

Cradle   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
510 words
Illustration(s):
2

...cradles were still magnificent in the early 19th century. The cradle (Paris, Louvre) of Napoleon II , King of Rome, by François-Honoré-Georges Jacob-Desmalter and Pierre-Philippe Thomire , made of amboyna with gilt-bronze mounts, is of hooded design, fabric-lined, raised on an X-frame and surmounted by a figure of Fame. It is a simplified version of the silver gilt cradle given to him by the City of Paris (Vienna, Schatzkam.). During the late 19th century wicker cribs and cradles with canework sides were popular in wealthy households. Rocking cradle, from...

Gouda

Gouda   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
564 words
Illustration(s):
1

...binnen de St Janskerk te Gouda (Gouda, c. 1920) Kunstreisboek voor Nederland , Rijksdienst voor de Monumentenzorg (Amsterdam and Antwerp, 1977) C. Coebergh-Surie : De Goudse glazen (diss., Rijksuniv. Utrecht, 1985) A. Steegh : Monumentenatlas van Nederland (Zutphen, 1985) X. van Eck : Kunst, twist en devotie: Goudse katholieke schuilkerken 1572–1795 (Delft, 1995) Z. van Ruyven-Zeman : ‘ The Church of St. Jan at Gouda. A Monument of Sixteenth-century Stained Glass. The Windows and their Cartoons ’, Gaz. B.-A. , cxxvii (Jan 1996), pp. 1–10 H. van...

Morris, Robert

Morris, Robert (9 Feb 1931)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
843 words
Illustration(s):
1

...frames canvases whose lush landscapes are evocations of the apocalypse or holocausts. In abandoning issues of the phenomenology of the work of art, which had so deeply and consistently affected the first 20 years of his activity, Morris may have ultimately adopted a bleaker vision of the questions that surrounded artistic practice toward the end of the 20th century. Robert Morris Untitled (Tangle) , felt, h. 2.95 m, 1967. © 2010 Robert Morris/Artists Rights Society, NY/Gift of Phillip Johnson © Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY Writings...

Rimmer, William

Rimmer, William (20 Feb 1816)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,085 words
Illustration(s):
1

...William ( b Liverpool , 20 Feb 1816 ; d South Milford, MA , 20 Aug 1879 ), sculptor , painter and writer of English birth. His father Thomas Rimmer , from the time of his youth in France and later in England, believed himself to be the younger son of Louis XVI and rightful heir to the throne of France after the death of his older brother in 1789 . Although the validity of Thomas's claims cannot be verified, three generations of the Rimmer family carried this belief. William Rimmer arrived in America in 1818 and never returned to Europe....

Maler, Hans

Maler, Hans (c.1480)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
913 words
Illustration(s):
1

...M. J. Friedländer : ‘ Hans Maler zu Schwaz ’, Repert. Kstwiss ., xviii (1895), pp. 411–23; xx (1897), pp. 362–5 G. Glück : ‘ Hans Maler von Ulm, Maler zu Schwaz ’, Jb. Ksthist. Samml. Wien , xxv (1906), pp. 245–7 Early German Art (exh. cat., London, Burlington F.A. Club, 1906) X. Weizinger : ‘Die Malerfamilie der Strigel in der ehemals freien Reichsstadt Memmingen’, Festschrift des Münchener Altertumsvereins zur Erinnerung an das 50jährige Jubiläum (Munich, 1914), pp. 145–6 N. Lieb : Die Fugger und die Kunst im Zeitalter der Spätgotik und der frühen...

Pseudo-Ortkens

Pseudo-Ortkens (c.1500)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
757 words
Illustration(s):
1

...’, Amtl. Ber. Kön. Kstsamml. , xxxviii (1917), cols 161–7 M. J. Friedländer : Die altniederländische Malerei (Berlin, 1924–37); Eng. trans. as Early Netherlandish Painting (Leiden, 1967–76), xii, p. 31 A. E. Popham : ‘ Notes on Domestic Glass Painting, II ’, Apollo , x (1929), pp. 152–4 H. Wayment : ‘ A Rediscovered Master: Adriaen van den Houte (c. 1459–1521) and the Malines/Brussels School, I: A Solution to the “Ortkens” Problem ’, Oud-Holland , lxxxii (1967), pp. 172–202 H. Wayment : ‘ A Rediscovered Master: Adriaen van den Houte (c....

Lê, Dinh Q.

Lê, Dinh Q. (16 Nov 1968)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
713 words
Illustration(s):
1

...pp. 10–25 Dinh Q. Lê : From Vietnam to Hollywood (exh. cat., essays by C. Miles and M. Roth ; New York, PPOW Gal., 2003) D. Spalding : “ Weaving History: An interview with Dinh Q. Le, ” A. AsiaPacific , 38 (Fall 2003), pp. 68–70 [interview] M. Chiu , C.-D. H. Vo and A. X. Pham : Vietnam: Destination for the New Millennium: The Art of Dinh Q. Lê (exh. cat., New York, Asia Soc., 2005) A Tapestry of Memories: The Art of Dinh Q. Lê (exh. cat., Bellevue, A. Mus., 2007) David...

Albright, Ivan

Albright, Ivan (20 Feb 1897)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
796 words
Illustration(s):
1

...More than Meets the Eye, ” A. America , lxv/6 (1977), pp. 92–9 M. Croyden : Ivan Albright (New York, 1978) Graven Image: The Prints of Ivan Albright, 1931–1977 (exh. cat. by M. Croyden , Lake Forest, Coll., 1978) S. P. Teller : “ The Prints of Ivan Albright, ” Prt Rev. , x (1980), pp. 21–35 M. W. Brown : “Realism in the U.S.A. Between the Wars,” Les Realismes: 1919–1939 (exh. cat., Paris, Pompidou, 1981), pp. 238–50 C. Lyon : “ Synthetic Realism: Albright, Golub, Paschke, ” A. J. , xlv/4 (Winter 1985), pp. 330–34 Ivan Albright: The Late...

Collage

Collage   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,144 words
Illustration(s):
1

...© Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY; see Collage In 1914 collages were produced with more complex materials by Picasso, Braque and especially Gris, who imitated the effects of painting in dense networks of dozens of cut and pasted papers (see colour pl. X, fig. 2). The technique was also adopted by such Italian artists as Umberto Boccioni ( 1882–1916 ), Carlo Carrà ( 1881–1966 ), Gino Severini ( 1883–1966 ) and Ardengo Soffici ( 1879–1964 ), and by Kazimir Malevich ( 1878–1935 ), who affixed new materials such as a...

Collotype

Collotype   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,397 words
Illustration(s):
1

...S. Chayt and M. Chayt : Collotype: Being a History, Practicum, Bibliography (Winter Haven, 1983) R. Hamilton : Richard Hamilton Prints, 1939–83: A Complete Catalogue of Graphic Works (Stuttgart, 1984) K. Rush : ‘ Collotype Printing from Film Matrices ’, Tamarind Papers , x (1987), pp. 79–84 Imperishable Beauty: Pictures Printed in Collotype (exh. cat. by H. E. Wright; Washington, DC, National Museum of American History, 1988) K. B. Kirby : Studio Collotype: Continuous Tone Printing for the Artist, Printmaker and Photographer (Dalton, MA, 1988) R....

Quilting

Quilting   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,366 words
Illustration(s):
4

...important branch of the Lancashire cotton industry from the late 18th century to the early 20th. The use of decorative quilting declined in the late 18th century, although simple quilting survived into the 19th as a practical means of making such garments as dressing-gowns and a variety of household furnishings. Patchwork was a more popular method of producing decorative covers, although the two techniques were often combined, notably in North America (see colour pl. X, fig. 2). Crazy Quilt , silk, satin and velvet, 1.44×1.45 m, Newark, NJ, 1887 (Newark, NJ,...

Cleve, van (ii)

Cleve, van (ii)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
1,417 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Archeol. Mun. Roma , xxxvii (1909), pp. 3–11 Vicomte Terlinden: ‘ Une Vue de Rome par Hendrik van Cleve ’, Mus. Royaux B.-A. Belgique: Bull. , n.s. ix (1960), pp. 165–74 Vicomte Terlinden: ‘ Nouvelles Vues de Rome par Hendrik van Cleve ’, Mus. Royaux B.-A. Belgique: Bull. , n.s. x (1961), pp. 101–4 N. Orenstein : ‘ The Large Panorama of Rome by Hendrik Hondius I after Hendrick van Cleef III ’, Bull. Rijksmus., xxxviii/1 (1990), pp. 25–36 (2) Marten van Cleve I ( b Antwerp, c. 1527 ; d Antwerp, before 24 Nov 1581 ). Brother of (1) Hendrik van Cleve...

Embroidery

Embroidery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,360 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and Textiles in the Irwin Untermeyer Collection (New York and London, 1960) A. Nahlik : Tkaniny welniane importowane i meijscowe Nowogrodu Wielkiego X–XV wieku [Woollen fabrics, 10th–15th centuries: imported and local products found in Old Novgorod] (Warsaw, 1964) M. Schuette and S. Müller-Christensen : The Art of Embroidery (London, 1964) A. Nahlik : Tkaniny wsi wschodnioeuropejskiej, X–XIII w [Eastern European textiles, 10th–13th centuries] (Łodź, 1965) R. Kroos : Niedersächsische Bildstickereien des Mittelalters (Berlin, 1970) H....

Mosaic

Mosaic   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Materials and Techniques in Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
4,674 words
Illustration(s):
4

...it remained so in the late 20th century, together with the mosaic studios at Spilimbergo, Ravenna and Venice. During the 19th century a renewed sense of historicism and an interest in craft techniques led to a demand for mosaic. Tesserae were mass-produced in workshops such as those of Antonio Salviati ( 1816–90 ) in Venice or August Wagner in Germany: both used the indirect system of setting tesserae on a prepared base, so that an entire mosaic could be produced in the workshop and then shipped to its final destination. In the 20th century surface texture and...

Furness, Frank

Furness, Frank (12 Nov 1839)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,394 words
Illustration(s):
1

...his practice and carried it into the 20th century. Of these, the best know is Louis Sullivan , who praised Furness's method and recalled his experience in the office as “a true workshop savoring of the guild where craftsmanship was paramount and personal” (L. H. Sullivan: Autobiography of an Idea , New York, 1924 ). Sullivan communicated these values to Frank Lloyd Wright , who in turn carried them into the 20th century in the Midwest. Philadelphian William L. Price learned the Furness method in the 1880s and in the 20th century applied it to large-scale...

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