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Islamic fundamentalism

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On ...

Bangladesh

Bangladesh   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
726 words
Illustration(s):
4

... led to a takeover by General Zia Rahman, who created an Islamic state before he, too, was assassinated in 1981 . General Ershad took over in a coup in 1982 . He resigned as army chief in 1986 to become a civilian president. By 1990 , protests from supporters of his two predecessors toppled Ershad from power and, after the first free parliamentary elections since independence, a coalition government was formed in 1991 . Many problems arose in the 1990s, including increasing Muslim fundamentalism and severe cyclone damage. In 1996 , Sheikh Hasina Wajed ...

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,317 words
Illustration(s):
2

...Assembly ( 2002–12 ), but left the ruling CDP in 2014 , founding the People’s Movement for Progress party. Having been relatively immune from the impact of Islamic fundamentalism, there was shock in the country when al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb attacked a hotel in the capital, killing thirty people, in January 2016 . Further attacks have followed and a local Islamist group, Ansarul Islam, has become increasingly active in the north of the country. In 2019, two foreign aid workers vanished and a Canadian geologist was murdered. Increasing concern...

Malaysia

Malaysia   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,319 words
Illustration(s):
2

...misconduct. And the main opposition group, the Parti Islam Se-Malaysia ( PAS ), seemed to be gaining ground. Nevertheless, Mahathir remained in control until he stepped down after 22 years in 2003 . His chosen replacement as prime minister was Abdullah Badawi whose position was confirmed with a striking victory in the parliamentary elections in 2004 , when the UMNO-dominated Barisan Nasional ( BN ) coalition gained 90 per cent of the seats. This was a crushing rejection of PAS fundamentalism. In the March 2008 elections, however, UMNO performed badly...

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan   Quick reference

A Guide to Countries of the World (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Encyclopedias, Geographical reference, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,470 words
Illustration(s):
2

...while Karimov also reached agreements to sell oil and gas to China. In 2014 his billionaire daughter, Gulnara, once seen as a successor, was placed under house arrest on charges of corruption and jailed the following year. Karimov, who argued that his rule ensured that Islamic fundamentalism did not establish itself in Uzbekistan, maintained his dictatorial rule up to his death in 2016 . He was succeeded by his former prime minister, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who gained 89 per cent of the vote in an election at the end of 2016 . Mirziyoyev began by continuing the...

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