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Los Angeles, Victoria de

Los Angeles, Victoria de (1 Nov 1923)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
423 words
Illustration(s):
1

...career she made a speciality of recording Spanish songs, from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. Los Angeles studied lieder with Gerhardt, and was a particularly accomplished interpreter of Johannes Brahms , both in recital and on disc. She was also a delightful exponent of mélodies . C. Hardy : ‘ Victoria de los Angeles ’, Opera , viii (1957), 210–16 B. James ‘ Victoria de los Angeles ’, Audio & Record Review , ii/6 (1963), 12–15 [with discography by F.F. Clough and G.J. Cuming] A. Porter : ‘ A Heavenly Creature ’, International Opera Collector (wint....

Senesino

Senesino (27 Jan 1759)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,392 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Handel composed for him. Of his 20 roles in Handel's operas, 17 were original: Muzio Scevola, Floridante, Ottone, Guido in Flavio , Julius Caesar , Andronico in Tamerlano , Bertarido in Rodelinda , Luceius in Scipione and the title roles in Alessandro , Admeto , Riccardo Primo , Siroe , Tolomeo , Poro , Ezio , Sosarme and Orlando . He also sang Radamisto, Arsace in Partenope and Rinaldo, with earlier music supplemented or transposed. His compass in Handel was narrow ( g to e” at its widest, but the g appears very rarely, and many of...

Garden, Mary

Garden, Mary (20 Feb 1874)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
888 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mary ( b Aberdeen , 20 Feb 1874 ; d Inverurie, Scotland , 3 Jan 1967 ). American soprano of Scottish birth . Taken to the USA in 1883 , she studied singing in Chicago with Sarah Robinson-Duff , supported financially by wealthy patrons David and Florence Mayer. In 1896 the Mayers financed her further studies in Paris, chiefly with Trabadelo and Lucien Fugère . When her patrons withdrew their support in 1899 , Garden was coached by the American soprano Sibyl Sanderson , through whom she met Albert Carré, director of the Opéra-Comique, and Jules...

Khovanshchina

Khovanshchina   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,081 words
Illustration(s):
1

... to his own libretto, compiled with Vladimir Vasil'yevich Stasov from historical sources; St Petersburg, Amateur Musical‐Dramatic Club in Kononov Auditorium, 9/21 February 1886 , in Rimsky‐Korsakov's version (given by Imperial Theatres, St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 7/20 November 1911 ; Ravel‐Stravinsky version, Paris, Théâtre Champs‐Elysées, 5 June 1913 [with Stravinsky's final chorus, 16 June 1913 ]; Shostakovich version, Leningrad, Kirov Theatre, 25 November 1960 ). Albert Coates conducted the ‘official’ première in 1911 , with Fyodor...

Boris Godunov

Boris Godunov   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
4,666 words
Illustration(s):
5

...Boris's hallucination. c  as d opposite, with some small cuts (28 bars) e  Boris enters in grip of hallucination. d  as e opposite f  Pimen's narrative about the wonder‐working Dmitry. e  as f opposite, less six bars g  Boris's farewell to his son. f  as g opposite, with some small cuts (13 bars) h  Death of Boris. g  as h opposite 9   Act 4.ii A forest glade near Kromï a   Orchestral introduction, entrance of the crowd with the captive boyar Khrushchyov. b   Mocking ‘glorification’ of Khrushchyov (based on a folk‐song Musorgsky learnt from...

Walküre, Die

Walküre, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,017 words
Illustration(s):
12

...Vogl . For the 1876 cast, see Ring des Nibelungen, Der . The first prose sketch for Die Walküre dates from autumn (probably November) 1851 . In a letter to Uhlig of 11 November 1851 Wagner referred to the new work as Siegmund und Sieglind: der Walküre Bestrafung , but by 20 November (letter to Liszt) he had renamed it with the familiar title Die Walküre . The sketch was developed into a prose draft (17– 26 May 1852 ) and then into a verse draft (1 June– 1 July 1852 ). The final poem was incorporated into the private printing of the entire Ring ...

Così fan tutte

Così fan tutte   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,007 words
Illustration(s):
1

...rococo decoration of flutes and bassoons. How their fate has changed! Their sighs are displaced by fear when the men rush in drinking poison, to music (in G minor) suddenly suggestive of tragic violence. Alfonso and Despina go for help, instructing the ladies to nurse the men, who are thoroughly enjoying themselves; yet minor modes prevail as never before in Mozart's finales. Despina, to a pompous G major minuet, appears disguised as the doctor, involving Mesmer as she magnetizes out the poison. The key abruptly changes to B♭: the men profess to believe...

Contes d'Hoffmann, Les

Contes d'Hoffmann, Les   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,268 words
Illustration(s):
1

...for its spectacular staging and for individual numbers such as Hoffmann's ‘Legend of Kleinzach’, Olympia's ‘Doll's Song’ and, above all, the ‘Barcarolle’ – one of the world's most popular melodies, which Offenbach had taken from an earlier work, Die Rheinnixen . During the 20th century the work has been produced repeatedly at opera houses throughout the world, often with the leading soprano roles assigned to different singers – a fundamental denial of the opera's dramatic unity, but a rare opportunity to parade multiple leading ladies in a single...

Entführung aus dem Serail, Die

Entführung aus dem Serail, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,862 words
Illustration(s):
1

...aria in Act 3). Later in the century London also saw it in German and Italian (the title Il Seraglio is still often used in English). The American première was in New York in 1860 , probably in German. The Italian première was not until 1935 , in Florence, by which time the 20th‐century revival of Mozart was under way; it had already appeared at Glyndebourne. Contemporary illustration showingMozart at a Berlin production of ‘Die Entführung aus dem Serail’, 1789 The background is the territorial and cultural intersection of the Islamic lands and the older...

Götterdämmerung

Götterdämmerung   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,768 words
Illustration(s):
7

...three acts by Richard Wagner to his own libretto; Bayreuth, Festspielhaus, 17 August 1876 . For the original cast see Ring des Nibelungen, Der . The first draft of Siegfrieds Tod (originally spelt Siegfried's Tod and later renamed Götterdämmerung ) is dated (at the end) 20 October 1848 . This draft begins in the hall of the Gibichungs, but having been persuaded that too much background knowledge to the story was presupposed, Wagner added a prologue some time before 12 November . He undertook the versification of Siegfrieds Tod between 12 and 28...

Zauberflöte, Die

Zauberflöte, Die   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,432 words
Illustration(s):
1

...improvisatory powers by fooling with the glockenspiel part in his Act 2 aria. Schack himself played the flute in the finales. Minor parts were taken by members of the theatre company including Schikaneder's brother and the wives of Schack and Gerl. In Vienna, there were 20 performances in the first month, and publication of extracts began in November; Schikaneder had given over 200 performances by 1800 . The first Hoftheater performance was in 1801 . Soon after Mozart's death Die Zauberflöte was given in Prague and in all other centres of German...

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