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Charles Evans Hughes

Subject: Law

(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948) US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a ...

Illustrations

Illustrations   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,154 words
Illustration(s):
1

...), influenced future generations of illustrators such as George Cruikshank , Richard Doyle , John Tenniel , and Arthur Hughes . Cruikshank created well-known etchings for the first illustrated English edition of the Grimms ’ tales ( 1823–1826 ), and the wood engravings made by Doyle for John Ruskin ’s The King of the Golden River ( 1851 ), by Tenniel for Lewis Carroll ’s Alice's Adventures in Wonderland ( 1865 ), and by Hughes for George MacDonald ’s At the Back of the North Wind ( 1871 ) contributed greatly to the success of these works. A...

Book Illustration

Book Illustration   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature
Length:
5,522 words
Illustration(s):
3

...addressed to children, Aunt Judy's Magazine . sometimes they secured major illustrators such as John Gilbert, George Cruikshank, Charles Keene , and Caldecott for the journal or selected stories issued as books. Arthur Hughes charmingly illustrated George Macdonald ; Doyle depicted “the Elf-world” of William Allingham ( In Fairyland , 1870 ) in sixteen open, convivial colored wood engravings—the largest Evans ever printed. By the end of the century several author/artists were producing bright, colorful nursery series of tales and rhymes:...

British Literature

British Literature   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,690 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of the Victorian period remains Charles Dickens , many of whose stories were first published in magazines that were extremely popular. His works centers on the lives of Londoners, the plight of the poor, and the class differences in Victorian society. Dickens modeled some of his most famous characters on real people, with his power to exaggerate their traits occasionally making them comical but powerfully memorable. Among the Victorian period's other popular writers were George Eliot (pseudonym of Mary Ann, or Marian, Evans), William Makepeace Thackeray , ...

Tyson, Cicely

Tyson, Cicely (19 December 1933)   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,859 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in recital halls throughout New York. Tyson demonstrated her talent and drive for perfection at an early age. Her diligence and hard work translated into young fame, but it was just a precursor to the success she would experience later in life. After Tyson graduated from Charles Evans Hughes High School in Manhattan, she worked as a secretary for the American Red Cross. It was at this time that her hairdresser, Walter Johnson, asked her to model his hairstyle in a show. Tyson’s striking presence and stunning beauty led Johnson to encourage her to pursue...

Visual Arts

Visual Arts   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,499 words
Illustration(s):
2

...; Folklore ; Harlem Renaissance ; “Negro in Art” Symposium ; New Negro ; New Negro, The ; Photography and Photographers ; and biographical entries on figures mentioned in this article .] Bibliography Barnwell, Andrea D. The Walter O. Evans Collection of African American Art . Seattle, Wash.: Walter O. Evans Foundation for Art and Literature, 1999. Bearden, Romare , and Harry Henderson . A History of African American Artists: From 1792 to the Present . New York: Pantheon, 1993. Campbell, Mary Schmidt , David Driskell , David Levering Lewis , and...

United Kingdom

United Kingdom   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
3,403 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Schooldays ( 1857 ) by Thomas Hughes : “If he'll only turn out a brave, helpful, truth-telling Englishman, and a gentleman, and a Christian, that's all I want .” Perhaps not surprisingly, neither the empire-building adventure nor the boys' school story survived the devastation of World War I. The one lingered on in popular form with heroes such as W. E. Johns 's flying ace, “Biggles” ( 1932– 1970 ), and the school story petered out in stylized comedy— spectacularly in the 72 million words and 50 fictional schools of Charles Hamilton (Frank Richards),...

Entertainment Industry and African Americans

Entertainment Industry and African Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,935 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Bessie Smith , Billie Holiday , Ma Rainey , Howlin’ Wolf , Leadbelly , Muddy Waters , Joe Turner , and B. B. King ; for jazz, notable instrumentalists include John Coltrane , Bill Evans , Charles Mingus , Miles Davis , Charlie Parker , Duke Ellington , and Wynton Marsalis —who also plays classical music—and notable singers include Ray Charles (although he was too eclectic to categorize), Ella Fitzgerald , and Sarah Vaughan . But as Louis Armstrong's honest and powerful autobiography Satchmo ( 1954 ) reveals, the New Orleans music...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
5,872 words
Illustration(s):
2

...for those who write about human relationships. A few such poets are Barbara Juster Esbensen , Mary Ann Hoberman , Sara Holbrook , Shirley Hughes, Bobbi Katz , Lilian Moore, Pat Mora , Marilyn Singer , and Judith Viorst . The sense of human connection has widened for all of us. African American poetry, in particular, has increased in both volume and significance. In the later 20th century , such poets as Mari Evans , Eloise Greenfield , Nikki Giovanni, and Nikki Grimes all wrote for children. Grimes's A Pocketful of Poems ( 2001 ) is particularly...

Classical Legal Theory

Classical Legal Theory   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
4,646 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Court led by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes seemed tolerant of these measures, sustaining a state mortgage moratorium in Home Building and Loan Assn. v. Blaisdell , 290 U.S. 398 ( 1934 ), and state price controls in Nebbia v. New York , 291 U.S. 502 ( 1934 ). But with the erratic Justice Owen Roberts unpredictably swinging around to support the cohesive conservative bloc (Justices George Sutherland, Willis Van Devanter, James McReynolds, and Pierce Butler), and with the occasional strategic adhesion of Chief Justice Hughes, the Court in 1935 ...

Poetry

Poetry   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
11,676 words
Illustration(s):
1

...have written favorably of Madgett’s race-related work, but many more critics have been drawn to her lyric poems on the enduring themes of personal experience, love, nature, and death. Mari Evans ( 1923 - ) has composed songs and studied fashion design in addition to writing poems. Her free-flowing poems, driven by sparse conversational language, are akin to Langston Hughes’s jazz poetry—indeed, to jazz itself—in their improvisational, elliptical nature. Many of her poems contain direct and/or indirect mu-sical references. She has been Writer-in-Residence and...

Fiction

Fiction   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
7,852 words
Illustration(s):
2

...indeed a time of great creativity. Salons such as A’Lelia Walker ’s famous “Dark Tower” were established for young black artists. White patrons, particularly Mrs. Charles Osgood Mason (the “Godmother”) and the writer, critic, and photographer Carl Van Vechten , used their money and influence to bring young artists to the public’s attention. The literati included writers such as Langston Hughes , Jean Toomer , Nella Larsen , Claude McKay , Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston , Helene Johnson , Dorothy West , Countee Cullen , Wallace Thurman , Richard...

Republican Party

Republican Party   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
4,596 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The support of the Lincoln Leagues proved critical in a series of elections in Tennessee and surrounding states. At the national level, too, most African Americans returned to the Republican Party. In 1916 Du Bois supported the GOP's unsuccessful presidential candidate Charles Evans Hughes . In 1920 southern Republicans launched a concerted campaign to make the party convention in Chicago lily-white by not allowing African American delegates to attend. The party defeated the effort and adopted rules that forced state and local party organizations in the...

Jewellery

Jewellery   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
8,104 words
Illustration(s):
5

...in ornaments made of postcards, wallpaper or plastic toys. Jewellery was often thought of as sculpture rather than decoration and was designed with a stand to display it. International Exhibition of Modern Jewellery, 1890–1961 (exh. cat., London, Goldsmiths’ Co., 1961) G. Hughes : Modern Jewellery, 1890–1967 (London, 1968) R. Turner : Contemporary Jewellery (London, 1976) Synthetic Jewellery (exh. cat. by B. Beaumont-Nesbitt ; Birmingham, W. Midlands A., 1978) V. Becker : Antique and Twentieth Century Jewellery: A Guide for Collectors (London,...

Supreme Court

Supreme Court   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
15,337 words
Illustration(s):
2

...new faces on the Court: Felix Frankfurter and William O. Douglas . Then, in November 1939 , Justice Pierce Butler, a diehard conservative, died. His replacement, Frank Murphy , was one of the strongest integrationists ever to sit on the Court; along with Stone and Charles Evans Hughes, there was now a solid majority for racial change. In the next few years the last of the old-guard reactionaries, Justice James Clark McReynolds , a segregationist from Tennessee, would leave the bench. President Roosevelt appointed one racial conservative, James Byrnes...

Notation

Notation   Reference library

Leo Treitler and Ann Hutchinson Guest

Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Art & Architecture, Philosophy
Length:
9,431 words
Illustration(s):
7

...chant books from the first several centuries following the introduction of notation into the practice of Gregorian chant are still extant. Students of the practice have remarked on the striking uniformity of the notational representations of the same chants in different books ( Hughes, 1987 ). Large numbers of noted books from the same period contain songs of other genres: secular, religious but not liturgical, and various complements to the liturgical chants (tropes and sequences are the most familiar). With these, score identity between representations of...

Britain

Britain   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Military History, Social sciences, Warfare and Defence
Length:
55,708 words
Illustration(s):
11

...Andres S . “ The King and His Cult: The Axe-Hammer from Sutton Hoo and Its Implications for the Concept of Sacral Leadership in Early Medieval Europe. ” Antiquity 80 (2006): 880–893. Evans, Stephen . The Heroic Poetry of Dark-Age Britain: An Introduction to Its Dating, Composition, and Use as a Historical Source . Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1997. Evans, Stephen . Lords of Battle: Image and Reality of the Comitatus in Dark-Age Britain . Woodbridge, U.K.: Boydell, 1997. Fraser, James E . The Battle of Dunnichen, 685 . Stroud, U.K.: Tempus,...

Academies

Academies   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
11,662 words
Illustration(s):
1

...familiarity with Isaac Newton and Newtonianism. Cross, Anthony . By the Banks of the Neva: Chapters from the Lives and Careers of the British in Eighteenth-Century Russia . Cambridge, 1997. Includes two lengthy chapters on British scientists and artists in Saint Petersburg. Hughes, Lindsey . Russia in the Age of Peter the Great . New Haven, Conn., 1998. Includes lengthy chapters on the establishment of the Academy of Sciences. Marker, Gary . Publishing, Printing, and the Origins of Intellectual Life in Russia, 1700–1800 . Princeton, N.J., 1985. Includes...

Criminal Law

Criminal Law   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
26,592 words
Illustration(s):
5

...America. Davis, David Brion . “ The Movement to Abolish Capital Punishment in America, 1787–1861. ” American Historical Review 63 (1957): 23–46. An older but still useful history of opposition to the death penalty in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century America. Dayton, Cornelia Hughes . Women before the Bar: Gender, Law, and Society in Connecticut, 1639–1789 . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995. Argues that seventeenth-century Puritans treated women with greater respect and offered more avenues for female participation in the legal process...

Women

Women   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Law, History
Length:
29,097 words
Illustration(s):
7

...tutelage by the grant of ius liberorum , the “right of children” (Buckland, pp. 165–167; Gardner, Women in Roman Law , pp. 14–22; Gardner, Roman Citizen , pp. 89–100; Evans Grubbs , pp. 23–46). Tutelage of women persisted until at latest 410 c.e. ( Codex Theodosianus 8.17.3), when the ius liberorum was abolished, but may have already lapsed by the end of the third century (Evans Grubbs, pp. 43–46). However, literary, legal, and epigraphic evidence indicates that for women in the classical period it was little more than a formality, and for many...

Navigational Instruments

Navigational Instruments   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
30,532 words
Illustration(s):
5

... A History of the Practice of Navigation . 2d ed. Glasgow: Brown, Son and Ferguson, 1983. Hine, Alfred . Magnetic Compasses and Magnetometers . Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1968. Hitchins, H. L., and W. E. May. From Lodestone to Gyro-Compass . London: Hutchinson, 1952. Hughes, Thomas Parke . Elmer Sperry: Inventor and Engineer . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971. Needham, Joseph . Science and Civilisation in China . Vol. 4, part 1, Physics/, and Vol. 4, part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press,...

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