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Catherine Bernard

(1663–1712?), French novelist, playwright, and poet. Born in Rouen to a comfortable Huguenot family, she moved to Paris to pursue her literary interests. Bernard wrote four ...

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Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
5,777 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of theology, law, and medicine were urged to abandon their emphasis on theoretical speculation and concentrate on inculcating their charges with practical and certain knowledge, wherever possible using more stimulating methods of teaching. As Diderot's reform plan, presented to Catherine the Great in 1775–1776 , makes particularly clear, the enlightened university was not to be an ivory tower but a school for good and useful citizens. Although these Enlightened critics gained the ear of many rulers and their advisers in the second half of the century, there was...

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