You are looking at 1-14 of 14 entries  for:

  • Results with images only x
clear all

View:

Overview

20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Public Opinion and Religion: Gay Rights in the United States

Public Opinion and Religion: Gay Rights in the United States   Reference library

Darren E. Sherkat

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
6,175 words
Illustration(s):
1

...bisexual, and transgendered (GLBT) rights, though sometimes supporting the extension of rights and protections. The very idea of civil rights for GLBT persons is quite new, and state-sponsored discrimination against GLBT persons was ubiquitous in modern polities until the late 20th century . As a consequence, until quite recently religious opponents of civil rights for GLBT persons have found themselves on an advantaged political playing field, with numerous secular supporters and few secular or religious opponents. In most nations of the world this remains...

Electoral Choice and Religion: Turkey

Electoral Choice and Religion: Turkey   Reference library

Ali Çarkoğlu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
9,921 words
Illustration(s):
4

...census does not identify the Alevi population ( Çarkoğlu & Bilgili, 2015 ; Shankland, 2010 ). Alevis have no distinctive linguistic or physical characteristics from the Sunnis. Since the immigration from rural Anatolia to metropolitan cities began in the second half of the 20th century , the density of Alevi population has diminished in the rural settings. From an empirical perspective, although it is possible to identify Alevi villages in a rural setting, it is a formidable challenge to predict Alevi population settlements in urban and metropolitan...

Religious Regulation in Brazil

Religious Regulation in Brazil   Reference library

Claudia Cerqueira and Guadalupe Tuñón

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
7,906 words
Illustration(s):
3

...Regulation in Brazil Introduction For most of the 20th century , roughly 90% of Latin America’s population was Catholic. Since the year 2000 , however, the Catholic Church’s presence in the region has changed dramatically. Today, only 69% of Latin American adults identify as Catholic ( Pew Research Center, 2014 ). In nearly every country, the Catholic Church has experienced a net loss in membership. Brazil, a historically Catholic majority country with pockets of syncretic Afro-Brazilian religions, is no exception; although it still has the largest...

Islam and Islamic Studies in Scandinavia

Islam and Islamic Studies in Scandinavia   Reference library

Susanne Olsson and Simon Sorgenfrei

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
13,721 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Table 1. Asylum Applications Filed in Scandinavian Countries by Top Countries of Origin, 2015 Country of Asylum Total Asylum Applications Top Country of Origin Second Country of Origin Third Country of Origin Sweden 162,877 Syria (51,338) Afghanistan (41,564) Iraq (20,857) Finland 32,476 Iraq (20,485) Afghanistan (5,214) Somalia (1,981) Norway 31,145 Syria (10,536) Afghanistan (6,987) Iraq (2,991) Denmark 7,162 Syria (3,515) Eritrea (1,276) Stateless (702) Note : Figures for Denmark include the first three quarters of 2015. Sources : Finnish Immigration...

Hinduism: India, Nepal, and Beyond

Hinduism: India, Nepal, and Beyond   Reference library

Rina Verma Williams and Sayam Moktan

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
8,729 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and India, where Hindus comprise 81.3% and 79.8% of the population, respectively. In Mauritius, a small island nation off the southwestern coast of Africa, Hindus comprise a plurality but just short of a majority of the population at 48.5%. Countries where Hindus comprise between 20% and 30% of the population include Fiji, Bhutan, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname; these are largely legacy populations of migration out of South Asia under British colonial rule. Countries where Hindus are between 10% and 15% of the population include Qatar, Sri Lanka,...

Electoral Choice and Religion: United States

Electoral Choice and Religion: United States   Reference library

Jeremiah J. Castle

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
9,170 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Kennedy campaign’s efforts to confront anti-Catholic sentiments highlight the continuing importance of religious tradition in structuring the divide between the parties in the mid- 20th century . Religion and the Parties: The New Religion Gap Even while Kennedy was defending his faith on the campaign trail, there were signs that the ethnoreligious model was weakening. During the 20th century , secularization led to a declining relationship between religious identities and political behavior in most advanced industrial democracies ( Norris & Inglehart, 2004 )....

Political Contempt and Religion

Political Contempt and Religion   Reference library

Nathan C. Walker

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
16,437 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... International Refugee Assistance Project IRAP v. Trump , 883 F.3d 233 (4th Cir., 2018), Brief Amici Curiae of IRAP, et al. filed, March 30, 2018 (No. 17-965). Retrieved from https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/17/17-965/41751/20180330134436268_IRAP%20Hawaii%20Amicus%20_FINAL.pdf . IPEDS. (2017) Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System . Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. Iyengar, S. , & Krupenkin M. (2018). The strengthening of partisan affect . Political Psychology , 39 , 201–218. Jackson, J. (2018, June 18)...

Religious Nationalism and Religious Influence

Religious Nationalism and Religious Influence   Reference library

Anna Grzymala-Busse

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
9,142 words
Illustration(s):
1

...both theoretical and empirical reasons for skepticism regarding the fluidity of these substitutions. As Genevieve Zubrzycki ( 2006 ) has pointed out, there is no clear evidence of the modern functional equivalence between nation and religion or the needs each might fulfill (p. 20). More directly, both coexist empirically, with little evidence of the substitution effect, in countries as varied as Poland, India, and the Philippines. Even where secularism reigns triumphant, as in France, “church or churches remain important institutions and actors in the...

Secularism and Politics

Secularism and Politics   Reference library

Jeremiah J. Castle and Patrick L. Schoettmer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
12,350 words
Illustration(s):
3

...church and state is growing closer, and private religiosity is on the rise. Many of the majority-Islamic nations in the Middle East are seeing yet a third dynamic, in which the recent emergence of high-profile fundamentalist sects represents a backlash to the secularization of the 20th century . Together, these and other cases highlight the need to improve our understanding of the relationship between secularism and politics. In order to better understand this relationship, in this article we survey the literature on secularism in four regions: western Europe,...

On the Paradox of State Religion and Religious Freedom

On the Paradox of State Religion and Religious Freedom   Reference library

Zachary Elkins

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
7,368 words
Illustration(s):
7

...Figure 4. Constitutional approaches to religion, over time. Note : Sample/Universe: n = 779 of 1,039 known constitutional systems, 1830–2016. Source : Comparative Constitutions Project. Meanwhile, the dogmatic class seems to have dropped precipitously in the early 20th century . Today only 10 constitutions have an official religion without an expressed freedom of religion. This class includes Libya ( 1969 ), Iran ( 1979 ), and Saudi Arabia ( 1991 ). 4 This decline stands in contrast to a larger and more stable group of cases that continue to...

Experimentation in the Study of Religion and Politics

Experimentation in the Study of Religion and Politics   Reference library

Paul A. Djupe and Amy Erica Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
10,394 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the fifth item read, “Five: a Jewish candidate running for vice president” (p. 284). 3 In list experiments, the difference in the number of items reported in the two groups is the key finding of the research; for instance, if respondents in the control condition report on average 2.0 items and respondents in the treatment report on average 2.4 items, researchers deduce that 40 percent of respondents in the treatment chose the experimental item. Researchers can further analyze the differences between treatment and control in varying subpopulations—for instance,...

Social Justice, Anti-Poverty Work, and Religion

Social Justice, Anti-Poverty Work, and Religion   Reference library

Lara Rusch, R. Khari Brown, Ronald E. Brown, and Francine Banner

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
7,930 words
Illustration(s):
3

...requiring economic uplift of the poor, had begun fragmenting in the 1920s. Evangelicals increasingly turned to “a theology of personal responsibility and redemption” and the religious sanction of laissez-faire capitalism ( Wilson, 2009 , pp. 9–10). Since the second half of the 20th century , mass public opinion research has documented a persistent negative association between evangelical faith and support for social welfare programs in the United States ( Barker & Carman, 2000 ). However, the sources of this ongoing association are not entirely clear....

Democratic Norms and Religion

Democratic Norms and Religion   Reference library

Gizem Arikan and Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
10,391 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Religious institutions and political participation in America. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion , 40 (2), 303–314. Doherty, D. , & Mecellem, J. (2012, April). Procedural and substantive conceptions of democracy in four Arab populations . Paper presented at the 20th Annual Illinois State University Conference for Students of Political Science, Normal, IL. Easton . (1965). A systems analysis of political life . New York, NY: Wiley. Easton, D. (1975). A re-assessment of the concept of political support. British Journal of Political Science...

Civil War and Religion: An Overview

Civil War and Religion: An Overview   Reference library

Isak Svensson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Religion
Length:
10,428 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., 14 (4), 556–577. Juergensmeyer, M. (1993). The new Cold War? Religious nationalism confronts the secular state . Berkeley: University of California Press. Juergensmeyer, M. (1996). The worldwide rise of religious nationalism. Journal of International Affairs , 50 (1), 1–20. Juergensmeyer, M. (2008). Global rebellion: Religious challenges to the secular state, from Christian militias to al Qaeda . Berkeley: University of California Press. Juergensmeyer, M. (2017). How cosmic wars end. Numen: The International Review of the History of Religion ,...

View: