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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Èshù

Èshù   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
950 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Many-Colored Cap? Transformations of Eshu in Old and New World Mythologies .” Journal of American Folklore 100 (1987): 261–275. Owomoyela, Oyekan . “ Tortoise Tales and Yoruba Ethos .” Research in African Literatures 20, no. 2 (1989): 165–180. Pemberton, John . “ Eshu-Elegba: The Yoruba Trickster God .” African Arts 9, no. 1 (1975): 20–27, 66–70, 90–92. Phillips Stevens...

Robeson, Paul

Robeson, Paul   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,009 words
Illustration(s):
1

...awards while he was alive. Three decades after his death, he has received more than 500 prestigious posthumous awards. The least known aspect of Robeson’s ingenuity is his linguistics breakthrough. As a brilliant scholar of languages and world cultures, Robeson spoke more than 20 languages, including a number of African languages, Arabic, Chinese, German, Russian, and Yiddish. An accomplished musicologist, he discovered common links in music through the pentatonic scale—a five-tone scale characteristic of both Chinese and African traditional music. He also...

Ibeji

Ibeji   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,103 words
Illustration(s):
1

...some cases they are dressed in garments that mirror honorific adult attire. They are tucked into wrappers and taken to market. They are danced with a mixture of devoted tenderness and bowed reverence. Carved from the anointed wood of the ire tree, ere ibeji range in height from 20 to 30 centimeters. In form, they are typically stocky and frontally oriented, with their arms carved at their sides and their feet attached to a rounded base. Their proportions, consistent with other kinds of Yoruba sculpture, emphasize the head as the locus of the soul and the...

Pan-Africanism

Pan-Africanism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,198 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Esedebe, P . Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776–1991 . 2d ed. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1994. Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, http://www.africa-union.org/root/AU/organs/psc/Protocol_peace%20and%20security.pdf , 2002. Jeffrey...

King, Martin Luther Jr.

King, Martin Luther Jr.   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,514 words
Illustration(s):
1

...King, Jr., Black Theology—Black Church .” Theology Today 41 (1984): 409–420. An outline of black theology as applied to King. Garrow, David J . “ The Intellectual Development of Martin Luther King, Jr.: Influences and Commentaries .” Union Seminary Quarterly Review 40 (1986): 5–20. A very useful introduction to the debates about King’s intellectual influences. King, Martin Luther, Jr . Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story . New York: Harper and Row, 1958. King, Martin Luther, Jr . The Trumpet of Conscience . New York: Harper and Row, 1968. King,...

Malcolm X

Malcolm X   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,505 words
Illustration(s):
1

...promote peace, love, and justice. Malcolm X became dedicated to spreading the message that the American white person’s racism needed to be regarded as a human problem and that both races had the responsibility to correct it. During his speech in the Audubon Ballroom in New York on 20 December 1964 , Malcolm X spoke to his audience about Africa, Asia, and the Arab world. He also talked of oppression and exploitation. He further spoke of the nonalignment movement that many African countries were joining. He emphasized the fact that freedom and peace went...

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