You are looking at 1-20 of 169 entries  for:

  • Encyclopedias x
  • Results with images only x
clear all

View:

Overview

20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Panama

Panama   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
666 words
Illustration(s):
4

...forms an isthmus linking Central America to South America. The narrowest part of Panama is less than 60km [37mi] wide. The Panama Canal, which is 81.6km [50.7mi] long and cuts straight across the isthmus, has made the country a major transport centre. Most Panamanians live within 20km [12mi] of it. Much of the land between the Pacific and Caribbean coastal plains is mountainous, rising to 3,475m [11,400ft] at the volcano Barú. Tropical forests cover approximately 50% of Panama. Mangrove swamps line the coast, though in recent years more than 400sq km [150sq...

Swaziland

Swaziland   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
528 words
Illustration(s):
4

...33%. The Lebombo Mountains reach 800m [2,600ft] along the E border. Meadows and pasture cover 65% of Swaziland. Arable farming covers 8% of the land, and forests only 6%. Climate The Lowveld is almost tropical, with an average temperature of 22°C [72°F] and a low rainfall of 500mm [20in] a year. The altitude moderates the climate in the W of the country. Mbabane has a climate typical of the Highveld with warm summers and cool winters. History In the 18th century, according to tradition, a group of Bantu-speaking people under the Swazi Chief Ngwane II crossed the...

Ethiopia

Ethiopia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
651 words
Illustration(s):
4

...cover parts of the lowlands. Dense rainforest grows in the SW. Climate Ethiopia's climate is greatly affected by altitude. Addis Ababa, at 2,450m [8,000ft], has an average annual temperature of 20°C [68°F]. Rainfall is generally over 1,000mm [39in], with a rainy season from April to September. The NE and SW lowlands are extremely hot and arid with less than 500mm [20in] rainfall, and frequent droughts. History According to legend, Menelik I , son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, founded Ethiopia in about 1000 bc . In ad 321 , the northern kingdom...

Zambia

Zambia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
846 words
Illustration(s):
4

...temperatures are moderated by the altitude. The rainy season runs between November and March, when the rivers sometimes flood. N Zambia is the wettest region of the country. The average annual rainfall ranges from about 1,300mm [51in] in the N down to between 510 and 760mm [20-30in] in the S. History In c. ad 800 , Bantu-speakers migrated to the area. By the late 18th century, Zambia was part of the copper and slave trade. European contact with Zambia began in the 19th century, when the explorer David Livingstone crossed the River Zambezi. In the...

Angola

Angola   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
750 words
Illustration(s):
4

...In the NE, several rivers flow N to become tributaries of the River Congo , while in the S some rivers, including the Cubango (Okavango) and the Cuanda, flow SE into inland drainage basins in the interior of Africa. Climate Angola has a tropical climate, with temperatures of over 20°C [68°F] all year round, though upland areas are cooler. The coastal regions are dry, increasingly so to the S of Luanda , but the rainfall increases to the N and E. The rainy season is between November and April. Tropical forests flourish in the N, but the vegetation along the...

Hungary

Hungary   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
Feb 2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
971 words
Illustration(s):
4

... became president in 2012 after his predecessor, Pal Schmitt , was forced to resign over allegations that he plagiarized his doctoral thesis. Fidesz won the parliamentary elections in 2014 , although with a slightly reduced majority. Jobbik's share of the vote rose from 17% to 20.5%. Prime minister Viktor Orbán has been vocal in support for Russia over the annexation Crimea from Ukraine and highly critical of US and EU sanctions. Economy Under communism the economy was transformed from agrarian to industrial. The new factories were owned by the government...

Israel

Israel   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
904 words
Illustration(s):
4

...in March 2015 , in which he came from behind to win. Economy Israel has a high standard of living. Manufacturing is important. Israel produces potash, cotton, fruits, grain, poultry and vegetables. area 20,600 sq km (8,000 sq miles) population 7,234,000 capital Jerusalem government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Jewish 80%, Arab and others 20% languages Hebrew and Arabic (both official) religions Judaism 80%, Islam (mostly Sunni) 14%, Christianity 2%, Druze and others 2% currency New Israeli shekel = 100 agorat GDP per capita 28,400...

Armenia

Armenia   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
792 words
Illustration(s):
4

...Armenia has long disputed the status of Nagorno-Karabakh , an area enclosed by Azerbaijan where the majority of the people are Armenians. In 1992 , Armenia invaded the territory between its E border and Nagorno-Karabakh. A ceasefire in 1994 left Armenia in control of about 20% of Azerbaijan's land area. With Azerbaijan and its ally Turkey blockading its borders, Armenia became increasingly dependent on Iran and Georgia for access to the outside world. In 1998 Robert Kocharian , former leader of Nagorno-Karabakh, became president. In 1999 gunmen...

Mozambique

Mozambique   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
4

...tropical maritime climate, with two main seasons. The hot, wet season runs from November to March, with a dry, milder season between April and October. Rainfall varies, being greatest on the NW highlands and lowest on the SE lowlands. Temperatures in the lowlands vary from between 20 C and 30°C [79-86°F] in January, and can go as low as 11 C to 15°C [52-59°F] in July. The interior highlands are much cooler and generally less humid. History Bantu speakers arrived in the first century ad . Arab traders in gold and ivory settled in coastal regions from the 10th...

Oman

Oman   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
840 words
Illustration(s):
4

...have ruled the country ever since. British influence dates back to the end of the 18th century, when the two countries entered into the first of several treaties. By 1850 most of Oman's overseas possessions were in British hands, and Oman's influence declined. During the early 20th century, the sultanate was often in conflict with religious leaders (imams) of the Ibahdi sect, who sought a more theocratic society. In 1920 , Britain brokered an agreement whereby the interior was ruled by imams, with coastal areas under the control of the Sultan. Clashes...

Peru

Peru   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
720 words
Illustration(s):
4

...army into Peru and, in 1824 , one of his generals defeated the Spaniards at Ayacucho. The Spaniards surrendered in 1826 . In 1836 Peru and Bolivia formed a short-lived confederation. In the War of the Pacific ( 1879-84 ) Peru lost some of its S provinces to Chile. The early 20th century was characterized by dictatorship and a growing gap between the wealthy oligarchy and an impoverished native population. From 1968 to 1980 a military junta blocked democratic reforms. Politics When civilian rule was restored in 1980 , a Maoist group called the Shining...

Malta

Malta   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
475 words
Illustration(s):
4

...in commercial shipbuilding, manufacturing and the tourist industry. Machinery and transport equipment account for more than 50% of exports. Manufacturing industries include chemicals, electronic equipment and textiles. The rocky soil makes farming difficult, and Malta produces only 20% of its food. It has a small fishing industry. area 320 sq km (120 sq miles) population 407,000 capital Valletta government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Maltese 96%, British 2% languages Maltese and English (both official) religions Roman Catholic 98% currency Euro = 100...

Suriname

Suriname   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
538 words
Illustration(s):
4

...government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Hindustani/East Indian 37%, Creole (mixed White and Black) 31%, Javanese 15%, Black 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, others languages Dutch (official), Sranang Tonga religions Hinduism 27%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 23%, Islam 20% currency Surinamese dollar = 100 cents GDP per capita 9,500...

Cameroon

Cameroon   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
645 words
Illustration(s):
4

...sq miles) population 19,294,000 capital Yaoundé government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Bantu 27%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, others languages French and English (both official), many others religions Christianity 40%, traditional beliefs 40%, Islam 20% currency CFA franc = 100 centimes GDP per capita 2,300...

Albania

Albania   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
657 words
Illustration(s):
4

...population 2,987,000 capital Tirana government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Albanian 95%, Greek 3%, Macedonian,Vlachs, Gypsy languages Albanian (official) religions Many people say they are non-believers; of the believers, 70% follow Islam and 30% follow Christianity (Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10%) currency Lek = 100 qindars GDP per capita 6,400...

Congo

Congo   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
583 words
Illustration(s):
4

...links. Inland, rivers form the main lines of communication, and Brazzaville is linked to the port of Pointe-Noire by the Congo-Ocean Railway. area 342,000 sq km (132,000 sq miles) population 4,126,000 capital Brazzaville government Military regime ethnic groups Kongo 48%, Sangha 20%, Teke 17%, M'bochi 12% languages French (official), many others religions Christianity 50%, animist 48%,Islam 2% currency CFA franc = 100 centimes GDP per capita 3,900...

Costa Rica

Costa Rica   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
596 words
Illustration(s):
4

...above sea level. Evergreen forests cover around 50% of Costa Rica. Oaks grow in the highlands, palm trees along the Caribbean coast and mangrove swamps are common on the Pacific coast. Climate The Meseta Central benefits from a pleasant climate and an average annual temperature of 20°C [68 F], compared with more than 27°C [81 F] on the coast. The coolest months are December and January. The NE trade winds bring heavy rain to the Caribbean coast. There is only half as much rainfall in the the highlands and on the Pacific coastlands as occurs on the Caribbean...

Djibouti

Djibouti   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
524 words
Illustration(s):
4

...and water make farming difficult. Climate Djibouti has one of the world's hottest and driest climates with summer temperatures regularly exceeding 42°C [100°F]. Average annual rainfall is only 130mm [5in]. In the wooded Mabla Mountains, the average annual rainfall reaches 500mm [20in]. History Islam arrived in the 9th century. The subsequent conversion of the Afars led to conflict with Christian Ethiopians who lived in the interior. By the 19th century, Somalian Issas moved north and occupied much of the Afars' traditional grazing land. France gained...

Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
505 words
Illustration(s):
4

...but most farming is at subsistence level. Major crops include beans, coconuts, groundnuts, maize and rice. Fishing is also important. area 36,100 sq km (13,900 sq miles) population 1,597,000 capital Bissau government Multiparty presidential republic ethnic groups Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7% languages Portuguese (official), Crioulo religions Traditional beliefs 50%, Islam 45%, Christianity 5% currency CFA franc = 100 centimes GDP per capita 1,100...

Togo

Togo   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
618 words
Illustration(s):
3

...area 56,800 sq km (21,900 sq miles) population 6,587,000 capital Lomé government Multiparty republic ethnic groups Native African 99% (largest tribes are Ewe, Mina and Kabre) languages French (official), African languages religions Traditional beliefs 51%, Christianity 29%, Islam 20% currency CFA franc = 100 centimes GDP per capita 900...

View: