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20/20

Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Iconography

Iconography   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Rhetoric

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
4,548 words
Illustration(s):
3

...eclectic and incoherent source reading. Less incongruous and far more subtle is an imagistic sequence expressing the identity of eloquence in silence. On several occasions, Cicero had remarked on the eloquent effect of silence (see, e.g., Ad Atticum 13.42 and In Catalinum 1.8.20). In the Renaissance, Ficino's Latin translation of the Corpus Hermeticum ( 1564 ), the supposedly ancient, Egyptian religious treatises, contributed to an association of their putative author, “ Hermes Trismegistus ,” with the Greek god of eloquence, Hermes. The Greek already...

Ogam

Ogam   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... or Ogham The alphabet in use among the ancient Irish and British peoples. There were 20 characters, each of which was composed of a number (from one to five) of thin strokes arranged and grouped above, below or across a horizontal line. The word is connected with Ogma, the name of a Gaulish god, likened to hercules by Lucian, who performed his feats through eloquence and the gift of languages. See also rune...

Translation

Translation   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
876 words
Illustration(s):
1

...book production was made up of translations, the chief source languages being English, French, Russian, German, Spanish, and Italian, the chief target languages German, Russian, Spanish, English, Japanese, and French. Because of worldwide demand for translation of all kinds, the 20c has been referred to as ‘the age of translation’. The Spectrum of Translation At its widest, the process of restatement from one language into another can include both transliteration (transfer from one writing system to another) and the range of options from strict word-for-word...

number representation

number representation   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
3,295 words
Illustration(s):
1

...reach the value of the following sign κ = 20. By analogy, the transition from ρ = 100 to σ = 200 no longer requires the addition of ten but one hundred units, and comparable changes occur at the transition from ,α = 1, 000 to ,β = 2, 000 and from ̈α = 10, 000 to ̈β = 20, 000. Thus, the syntactic space of the Ionian sign repertory does not have the same structure as the semantic space of the number arrow but, rather, absorb it telescopically. How were the numbers that fell in the resulting gaps (10–20, 100–200, 1,000–2,000, etc.) to be designated?...

Bible

Bible   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Language reference, History of English, Linguistics
Length:
3,836 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Stories and characters from the Bible have been treated imaginatively by writers ranging from John Milton ( Paradise Lost 1667 , Paradise Regained 1671 , Samson Agonistes 1671 ), to Christopher Smart ( A Song to David 1763 ), Lord Byron ( Cain 1821 ), and in the 20c James Bridie ( Jonah and the Whale 1932 ) and Christopher Fry ( A Sleep of Prisoners 1951 ). The style of the AV has influenced many, most noticeably John Bunyan ’s use of a Biblical style of narrative in The Pilgrim’s Progress ( 1678–84 ). Swift praised the simplicity...

postage stamp

postage stamp   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Semiotics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Language reference, Linguistics
Length:
2,042 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and merely adding the necessary symbolic message (name or sign of country and face value) to confirm the sign's postal status. In 1968 , for example, the stamp commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Dutch postal giro adds only the indexical sign Nederland , the value 20c , and the message Postcheque en Girodienst to a reduced image of a giro. Similarly, in 1991 , a set of British stamps marks the bicentenary of the Ordnance Survey merely by cutting a square from four chronologically successive maps of the same geographical location and adding...

Cross

Cross 1.   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase & Fable (19 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...with indented ends, forming the eight points of its alternative name 16. the cross nowy, with a circle at the centre 17. the cross quadrate, with a square at the centre 18. the cross cleché, which has flared limbs and pointed ends 19. the cross fitché, which has a pointed base 20. the cross voided, which has the centre of all its limbs removed; it is ‘voided throughout’ if the ends are also cut off Cross Keys, The The emblem of St peter and also of St Servatius, St Hippolytus, St geneviève , St Petronilla, St Osyth, St martha and St Germanus of Paris....

amino acid

amino acid   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Language reference, Writing and Editing Guides
Length:
63 words
Illustration(s):
1

...acid (two words) Symbols for the 20 or so amino acids commonly found in proteins are typically formed from the first three letters of the name, printed in lower case with an initial capital letter; for example, alanine is Ala, glycine is Gly (see table). Each also has a single-letter symbol; these are used in depicting the sequences of proteins ( see peptide...

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