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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Buscot Park

Buscot Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
269 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with box hedges. On the far bank of the lake a classical temple aligned with the water garden draws the eye. The woodland to the south is crossed by 20th-century rides and avenues. The 18th-century walled kitchen garden was turned to ornamental purposes in the late 20th century with walks of pleached hop hornbeam ( Ostrya carpinifolia ) and Judas trees ( Cercis siliquastrum ) designed by Tim Rees ( fl. late 20th century). In the former melon ground Peter Coats ( 1910–90 ) designed double mixed borders of a yellow and blue colour scheme. The estate was...

Gibberd Garden

Gibberd Garden   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
242 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of a Corinthian colonnade loom in a clearing in woodland, a thoroughly 18th-century evocation of the charms of the classical past. Many pieces of 20th-century sculpture decorate a pool and terrace close to the house and vistas lead outwards to enclosures where more sculptures are seen. A concrete mirador rises above hedges, a walk of pollarded hazels is underplanted with shimmering silver dead nettle ( Lamium ), a 20th-century version of a mount is crowned with a castle of wood and concrete. This is a garden of compartments but it manages to be unlike any...

Berbie, Palais de la

Berbie, Palais de la   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
163 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of clipped box swerve outwards. The box has rounded edges and the patterns ressemble those of a plump eiderdown. Narrow beds of annuals, usually pink and white, edge the parterre. There was a garden on this site in the 17th century but the present garden must date from the early 20th century. It is a charming sight, a sprightly modern evocation of 17th-century ideas. Parterre de broderie at the Palais de la Berbie, France. (© Patrick Taylor) Patrick...

Great Dixter

Great Dixter   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
264 words
Illustration(s):
1

...planting of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals which, in the late 20th century, had a strong influence on garden style. Meadow planting of a naturalistic kind, initiated at Great Dixter by Daisy Lloyd, was much extended. An enclosed formal rose garden laid out by Lutyens was dug up and replanted with a flamboyant ‘subtropical’ scheme of bananas, cannas, dahlias, and ginger plants ( Hedychium flavescens ). Great Dixter, of all the English gardens open to the public in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, has most inspired a generation of gardeners....

Heligan

Heligan   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
256 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the 19th century newly introduced plants came here, including those raised from seed collected by J. D. Hooker on his Himalayan expedition of 1847–50 . The tradition continued into the 20th century—the magnificent Rhododendron sinogrande , collected by George Forrest in 1912 , first flowered at Heligan, in 1919 . The fortunes of the garden declined in the 20th century and by the early 1990s the garden was in a state of advanced neglect. In 1991 restoration was begun, led by Tim Smit , who transformed the garden into an exceptionally attractive...

tools and technology

tools and technology   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
843 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and technology . Tools for gardening have remained remarkably unchanged, and technology, except for the 20th-century development of power tools of one kind or another and the late 20th-century influence of computers, has had minimal impact. Archaeological evidence of garden tools is as old as the oldest known gardens—dibbers dating from 5,000 bc have been excavated in Mesopotamia. John Evelyn in the 17th century had much to say about garden tools in his Elysium Britannicum . Garden tools, he explains, have long been of great importrance. He quotes the...

Désert de Retz, Le

Désert de Retz, Le   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
582 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Détruite he said, ‘How grand the idea excited by the remains of such a column.’ After the Revolution Monville sold the estate, which was looted by revolutionaries. It changed hands several times, but by the early 20th century the landscape was decaying; however, in 1939 it was listed as a Monument Historique. The Désert was rediscovered in the 20th century—the surrealists, unsurprisingly, found it much to their taste. Cyril Connolly visited it in 1945 and ‘fell hopelessly in love with the place’, and at that time the Colonne Détruite was inhabited by...

Mottisfont Abbey

Mottisfont Abbey   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
252 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from the 13th century. A new house was built in the 1740s incorporating some of the monastic buildings. Although there are some fine old trees here, including one of the largest London planes ( Platanus × hispanica ) in the country, most of the garden interest dates from the 20th century. Sir Geoffrey Jellicoe designed a deft formal garden after 1934 —turf terracing, an octagon of clipped yew and a walk of pleached limes underplanted in spring with blue chionodoxa. In 1938 Norah Lindsay designed a box knot garden, whose pattern is copied from an...

Harewood House

Harewood House   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
244 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Barry was also working on the house. A parterre, possibly designed by W. A. Nesfield , ornaments the terrace. It is decorated with elaborate fountains, 18th-century urns, scrollwork of box, topiary of yew, and gravels of contrasting colours. In a scalloped central pool is a late 20th-century bronze of Orpheus by Astrid Zydower . Spring and summer bedding schemes fill the box-edged beds. The balustraded terrace commands fine views over the wooded Gawthorpe valley where Brown dammed the stream to form a long serpentine lake. The contrast between the Victorian...

maze

maze   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
595 words
Illustration(s):
1

...by 1311 and at the Hôtel de Tournelles in Paris in 1431 . They were found in later French gardens such as Catherine de Médicis 's Tuileries Palace ( see Paris parks and gardens ) made between 1564 and 1572 and in the Petit Parc at Versailles by 1677 . An attractive late 20th-century example, designed by Bernard Lassus , may be seen in the Jardin des Retours . In Italy several patterns are shown in a book by Giovanni Fontana of c .1420 and mazes were found in several Renaissance gardens such as the Villa d'Este by 1573 and the Villa Medici...

Hestercombe

Hestercombe   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
556 words
Illustration(s):
1

...near Taunton, Somerset, England, has two gardens, one of the 18th century and one of the early 20th century. In the 18th century the estate belonged to Coplestone Warre Bampfylde who inherited it in 1750 . Bampfylde was a gentleman landscaper and friend of Sir Charles Kemeys Tynte of Halswell (Somerset) and Henry Hoare II of Stourhead , both of whom made notable landscape gardens of their day. At Hestercombe Bampfylde had the advantage of a fine wooded valley which his father John Bampfylde had already beautified with an obelisk and ornamental...

Moutiers, Le Bois des

Moutiers, Le Bois des   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
301 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Polemonium caeruleum ), lilies, and Thalictrum aquilegiifolium . An opening leads to a bold pergola of oak beams on brick columns veiled with clematis, roses, and Vitis coignetiae . Behind the house is a garden of wholly different character made by the Mallet family in the early 20th century. The attractively undulating site, with paths winding among trees, is a dazzling woodland garden with magnificent displays of camellias, enkianthus, eucryphias, pieris, and rhododendrons. The white borders at Le Bois des Moutiers. (© Patrick Taylor) Patrick...

Painshill

Painshill   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
301 words
Illustration(s):
1

...which rowing boats can pass. An amphitheatre of tiered evergreens is embellished with a copy of the statue of the Rape of the Sabine Woman by Giambologna . Hamilton's vineyard has been replanted with Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Seyval Blanc (the last an anachronism, it is a 20th-century cultivar). In 1998 Painshill was awarded a Europa Nostra medal for ‘the exemplary restoration from the state of extreme dereliction of a most important 18th-century landscape park and its extraordinary buildings’. The Turkish tent at Painshill. (© Patrick Taylor)...

palissade

palissade   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
255 words
Illustration(s):
1

...or terraces. A.-J. Dezallier d'Argenville 's La Théorie et la pratique du jardinage ( 1709 ) illustrates different types of palissade . The palissade à l'Italienne leaves the lower part of the stems of the plants exposed so that it appears to be raised on stilts (an excellent 20th-century example is to be seen at Hidcote Manor , planted with hornbeam ( Carpinus betulus ). The palissade de Chantilly had regular clipped arched ‘windows’ and was capped with lollipop finials. At Marly the bosquets , of which there were countless different designs, were...

Pitmuies, House of

Pitmuies, House of   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
260 words
Illustration(s):
1

...he and his wife Margaret gave the garden its particular modern distinction. The walled garden south of the house, retaining its 18th-century divisions, has outstanding borders. Some of these, including a collection of old cultivars of delphinium, date back to the first half of the 20th century but much has been added by Margaret Ogilvie. Two sets of colour-themed double herbaceous borders are backed by hedges of Prunus cerasifera ‘Pissardi’ whose purple-brown foliage, increasingly dark as the season passes, makes a fine background to flowers. One of the...

Prior Park

Prior Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
339 words
Illustration(s):
1

...the house, with informal woodland and winding walks to one side and a formal pattern of walks on the other. Richard Pococke, writing before 1754 , described ‘a new Gothick building, higher up a statue of Moses with his hand striking the rock, and below it a beautiful cascade falls 20 feet’ ( The Travels through England , 1754 ). Shortly after this Allen's clerk of works, Richard Jones ( b. 1703 ), designed a fine Palladian bridge in 1755 , very similar to those at Stowe and at Wilton House , which stands on one side of the valley spanning the neck of a...

root house

root house   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
319 words
Illustration(s):
1

...and taste combined with Nature have been able to contrive’. According to Henry Hoare, for whom it was built, it was ‘lined inside and out with old Gouty nobbly Oakes’. Rootwork was used in garden houses in the 19th century and had a minor renaissance in English gardens of the late 20th century. Gervase Jackson-Stops incorporated it in a garden temple at the Horton Menagerie (Northamptonshire) and Julian Bannerman in a memorable grotto for Leeds Castle (Kent). A root house from Thomas Wright's Six Original Designs for Arbours (1755). Patrick...

Villandry, Château de

Villandry, Château de   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
340 words
Illustration(s):
2

...The gardens here were famous in the 16th century but an 18th-century owner, the Marquis de Castellane, thought them old fashioned and put in their place an English-style park. The chateau overlooks the river Cher, upstream from the point where it flows into the Loire. In the early 20th century the estate was bought by Dr Joachim Carvallo who restored the chateau to its Renaissance appearance and set about making an appropriate garden. In the absence of any information about the appearance of the original garden Dr Carvallo took his inspiration from the...

West Wycombe Park

West Wycombe Park   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
275 words
Illustration(s):
1

...who signed a survey in 1752 . Later in the century, c .1778-80 , Nicholas Revett ( 1720–1804 ) designed a fine pillared Music Temple on the banks of the island. The garden today, owned by the National Trust since 1943 , retains much of its 18th-century character with some 20th-century additions. West of the lake, on a broad grassy walk, a column surmounted by a figure of Britannia was erected to celebrate the Queen's 60th birthday. Quinlan Terry ( b. 1931 ) designed a domed Temple of Venus ( 1982 ) to replace a lost building possibly designed by...

Wirtz, Jacques

Wirtz, Jacques   Reference library

Patrick Taylor

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Society and culture, Lifestyle, Home, and garden, Art & Architecture
Length:
293 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Most of his work has been for private clients but good examples of it may be seen at the Carrousel Garden for the Tuileries (Paris), the Cogels Park (near Antwerp), Canary Wharf (London), and at Alnwick Castle (Northumberland). A characteristic Jacques Wirtz flourish - a late 20th-century mount of hornbeam and beech hedging in a garden near Antwerp, Belgium. (© Patrick Taylor) Patrick Taylor Patrick Taylor , The Wirtz Gardens ...

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