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Subject: Music

This US group was formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1978 by Steve Allen (guitar, vocals) and Ron Flynt (bass, vocals), two expatriate musicians from Tulsa, Oklahoma. Drummer Mike Gallo ...

Zenatello, Giovanni

Zenatello, Giovanni (22 Feb 1876)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
376 words
Illustration(s):
1

...from left, Manfredi as Marthe, Fyodor Chaliapin as Méphistophélès, and Rosina Storchio as Marguerite, in an Italian production of ‘Faust’ (Gounod), 1904 T. Hutchinson and C. W. Williams : ‘ Giovanni Zenatello ’, Record Collector , xiv (1961–2), 100–43, 170–71; xv (1963–4), 18–20 [with discography] Rodolfo Celletti / Valeria Pregliasco Gualerzi...

Nevada, Emma

Nevada, Emma (7 Feb 1859)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
259 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Emma [ Emma Wixom ] ( b Alpha, nr Nevada City, CA , 7 Feb 1859 ; d Liverpool , 20 June 1940 ). American soprano , mother of mignon Nevada. A pupil of mathilde Marchesi, she made her opera début in 1880 at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, in La sonnambula , an opera that brought some of her greatest successes (her medallion was later placed with those of Pasta and Malibran on Vincenzo Bellini's statue at Naples). She appeared to great acclaim in Italy and Paris, where her roles included Lucia and Mignon. Returning to the USA she appeared at the...

Los Angeles, Victoria de

Los Angeles, Victoria de (1 Nov 1923)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
423 words
Illustration(s):
1

...are La bohème and Carmen , conducted by Thomas Beecham , Il barbiere di Siviglia , two sets of Madama Butterfly , Manon (with Pierre Monteux ) and La vida breve . From early in her career she made a speciality of recording Spanish songs, from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. Los Angeles studied lieder with Gerhardt, and was a particularly accomplished interpreter of Johannes Brahms , both in recital and on disc. She was also a delightful exponent of mélodies . C. Hardy : ‘ Victoria de los Angeles ’, Opera , viii (1957), 210–16 B. James ...

Giulio Cesare in Egitto

Giulio Cesare in Egitto   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,617 words
Illustration(s):
1

... was the first in the 20th century, though using a heavily transformed version of the score which was also followed in the many subsequent revivals. In various versions — though hardly ever any of Handel's own — Giulio Cesare has found a place in the repertory of several modern opera houses; it was given at the New York City Opera in 1966 and by the English National Opera in 1980 . Handel's complete score of 1724 , with all voices at their correct pitch, was given its first modern revival at the Barber Institute, Birmingham, on 20 January 1977 , a...

Björling, Jussi

Björling, Jussi (5 Feb 1911)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
596 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in the USA in 1920 . In 1928 he entered the Stockholm Conservatory, where he studied with Joseph Hislop and John Forsell . After a preliminary appearance at the Royal Swedish Opera as the Lamplighter in Manon Lescaut ( 21 July 1930 ), he made his recognized début there on 20 August 1930 as Don Ottavio , shortly afterwards singing Arnold in Guillaume Tell and Jonathan in Carl Nielsen's Saul og David . Until 1938 he was a regular member of the Stockholm Opera, and always maintained his connection with that house. He was soon in general demand in...

Hotter, Hans

Hotter, Hans (19 Jan 1909)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
584 words
Illustration(s):
1

...grandeur of Wagner's conception in a style at once rhetorical and noble. Though his voice could be unsteady and lack focus, its unmistakable quality, matched by his intense declamation and his commanding physical presence, made him one of the greatest operatic artists of the mid-20th century. Although he made many recordings, it is to be deplored that he did not in his prime record Wotan, or such other of his finest parts as Borromeo in Palestrina , Sachs and the Dutchman. However, originally pirated recordings of live performances have gradually become...

Melchior, Lauritz

Melchior, Lauritz (20 March 1890)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
579 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Lauritz [ Hommel, Lebrecht ] ( b Copenhagen , 20 March 1890 ; d Santa Monica, CA , 18 March 1973 ). Danish tenor , later naturalized American . He studied at the Royal Opera School, Copenhagen, and made his début at the Royal Opera on 2 April 1913 as Silvio in Pagliacci , going on to sing various other baritone roles. The advice of Mme Charles Cahier and subsequent studies with Vilhelm Herold revealed the true nature of Melchior's voice, and he made a second début at the same theatre on 8 October 1918 in the title role of Tannhäuser ....

García, Manuel

García, Manuel (21 Jan 1775)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,301 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Italien. It was performed regularly until García and his wife left the company after a contretemps with the director, Angelica Catalani , purportedly resulting from García's receiving more applause than she in a single performance of M. A. Portugal's La morte di Semiramide on 20 September 1817 . He turned to the Opéra-Comique, where his first French opera, Le prince d'occasion , was performed on 13 December 1817 . In 1818 he travelled to London, appearing at the King's Theatre with great success in Otello and Il barbiere di Siviglia . Now in his...

Francesca da Rimini

Francesca da Rimini   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
754 words
Illustration(s):
1

...is not only the most successful of the operas based on the plays of D'Annunzio (others are by Alberto Franchetti , Ildebrando Pizzetti , Gian Francesco Malipiero , Pietro Mascagni , Italo Montemezzi ): it is also one of the most original and polished Italian melodramas of the 20th century. Zandonai combines a powerful gift for Italian melody, more nervous and fragmentary than Puccini's, with an exceptional command of orchestration, to some extent influenced by Strauss. Verismo ‐style vocal writing, in the tradition of Mascagni, is on the whole confined to...

Prince Igor

Prince Igor   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
3,622 words
Illustration(s):
1

...look on and seethe (no.18, Polovtsian March). Konchak sings a song of triumph (no.19, ‘Nash mech nam dal pobedu’: ‘Our sword has given us victory’). He orders a feast (no.20 a ); the khans go off to divide the spoils (no.20 b , chorus, ‘Idyom za nim sovet derzhat’: ‘We'll follow him and hold council’); the Russians bewail their defeat and urge Igor to accept Ovlur's offer (no.20 c ). The Polovtsï drink and dance themselves into a stupor (no.21, chorus and dance, ‘Podoben solntsu khan Konchak’: ‘Khan Konchak is like unto the sun’). Ovlur summons Igor...

Caruso, Enrico

Caruso, Enrico (25 Feb 1873)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
881 words
Illustration(s):
1

...appearances were as Canio, Enzo, Radames, Rodolfo and Cavaradossi. He returned to Italy only for benefit performances of Pagliacci in Rome ( 1914 , at the Costanzi) and Milan ( 1915 , at the Verme). He sang several times in Latin America (Havana, Mexico City, São Paulo) in 1917–20 . His last public appearance was in Fromental Halévy's La Juive , at the Metropolitan on 24 December 1920 . He died of a lung ailment. Because of his incomplete and irregular training, Caruso began his career with certain technical deficiencies. In his early years he was ill at...

Domingo, Plácido

Domingo, Plácido (21 Jan 1941)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
743 words
Illustration(s):
1

...hours after singing Samson there. He was appointed artistic director of Washington National Opera in 1996 and of Los Angeles Opera in 2000 . He became general director at the Los Angeles Opera in 2003 . Domingo is widely regarded as the leading lirico spinto tenor of the late 20th century, a consummate musician and an actor of exceptional passion. His singing is always marked by exemplary intelligence and taste. While he has undertaken a wide range of roles, he became particularly identified with Verdi's Otello (see colour plate 9), of which he has been...

Braham, John

Braham, John (20 March 1774)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
991 words
Illustration(s):
1

...John ( b London , 20 March 1774 ; d London , 17 Feb 1856 ). English tenor and composer . His origins are obscure: both parents (his father is variously described as a German or Portuguese Jew) died when he was young. At the Great Synagogue in Duke's Place the boy's voice attracted the attention of the singer Leoni (Meyer Leon) and of the financier Abraham Goldsmid . Leoni, sometimes described as Braham's uncle, trained him and introduced him as a boy soprano at Covent Garden on 21 April 1787 , when he sang Thomas Arne's ‘The Soldier, Tir’d of...

Patti, Adelina

Patti, Adelina (19 Feb 1843)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
814 words
Illustration(s):
1

...made her début at La Scala in La traviata in 1877 . Her partner on those and many other occasions was the tenor Ernest Nicolini , whom she married in 1886 , after obtaining a divorce from her first husband, the Marquis de Caux. Returning to New York after an absence of over 20 years in 1881 , she embarked on a concert tour, and for the following three winters she was engaged by James Henry Mapleson for his operatic tours of the USA, during which her fee rose to £1000 a performance. In 1885 , her 25th consecutive season at Covent Garden, she sang the...

Peri, Jacopo

Peri, Jacopo (20 Aug 1561)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
737 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Jacopo [ ‘Zazzerino’ Jacopo Peri ] ( b Rome or Florence , 20 Aug 1561 ; d Florence , 12 Aug 1633 ). Italian composer , singer and instrumentalist . His most significant contribution was his development of the dramatic recitative for musical theatre. A performer of his own vocal compositions, Peri's contribution to the early history of opera is arguably as much vocal as compositional. Although Peri may have been born in Rome, he claimed descent from Florentine nobles with a long record of public service. He settled in Florence at an early age, and...

Garden, Mary

Garden, Mary (20 Feb 1874)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
888 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Mary ( b Aberdeen , 20 Feb 1874 ; d Inverurie, Scotland , 3 Jan 1967 ). American soprano of Scottish birth . Taken to the USA in 1883 , she studied singing in Chicago with Sarah Robinson-Duff , supported financially by wealthy patrons David and Florence Mayer. In 1896 the Mayers financed her further studies in Paris, chiefly with Trabadelo and Lucien Fugère . When her patrons withdrew their support in 1899 , Garden was coached by the American soprano Sibyl Sanderson , through whom she met Albert Carré, director of the Opéra-Comique, and Jules...

Kelly, Michael

Kelly, Michael (25 Dec 1762)   Reference library

The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
869 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Perhaps some of Hook's character colours Kelly's narrative. In February 1787 , with the Storaces and Attwood, Kelly left Vienna for London, visiting Mozart's father in Salzburg en route. Kelly quickly established himself as the principal tenor at Drury Lane, making his début on 20 April . He continued to sing there until 1808 , creating the lead roles in several of Stephen Storace's English operas, including Lord William in The Haunted Tower ( 1789 ), the Seraskier in The Siege of Belgrade ( 1791 ) and the robber captain in The Iron Chest ( 1796...

Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya, The

Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya, The   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,978 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Pavel Ivanovich Mel'nikov (Pechersky), songs and epics collected by Kirsha Danilov and several traditional tales, including The Life of Peter, Prince of Murom, and his Wife Fevroniya (as set down in 1547 , the year of their canonization); St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 7/ 20 February 1907 . The première was conducted by Felix Blumenfeld ; the sets and costumes were by Apollinary Vasnetsov and Konstantin Korovin , and the cast included Andrey Labinsky as Vsevolod, Mariya Kuznetsova as Fevroniya, Ivan Yershov as Grishka Kuter'ma, Vladimir...

Turandot

Turandot   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
2,200 words
Illustration(s):
2

... (Timur) and Giacomo Rimmini (Ping). The notion of basing an opera on Gozzi's most celebrated fiaba (fairy‐tale) – one that should ‘modernize and bring human warmth to the old cardboard figures’ – arose during a meeting in Milan between Puccini, Adami and Simoni in winter 1919–20 . Adami supplied the composer with a copy of Schiller's adaptation of the play in the Italian translation of Andrea Maffei . Puccini returned it to him with the instruction to make it the basis of the libretto, adding ‘but on it you must rear another figure; I mean – I can't...

Albert Herring

Albert Herring   Quick reference

The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Music, Opera, Performing arts
Length:
1,227 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Herring Comic opera in three acts, op.39, by Benjamin Britten to a libretto by Eric Crozier , after Guy de Maupassant's short story Le rosier de Madame Husson ; Glyndebourne, 20 June 1947 . The première had Peter Pears in the title role, Joan Cross as Lady Billows and a supporting cast including Frederick Sharp (Sid), Nancy Evans (Nancy) and Margaret Ritchie ( Miss Wordsworth ). After the stormy inception of Peter Grimes at Sadler's Wells, Britten and Eric Crozier were among those who decided to launch a new, independent and...

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