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Curie, Marie

Curie, Marie (1867–1934)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
815 words
Illustration(s):
1

...on 3 July 1934 . [ See also Joliot‐Curie, Irène , and Science, subentry Natural Sciences .] Bibliography Curie, Ève . Madame Curie . Translated by Vincent Sheean . Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1937. Curie, Marie . Pierre Curie . Translated by Charlotte and Vernon Kellogg . With an introduction by Mrs. William Brown Meloney and autobiographical notes by Marie Curie. New York: Macmillan, 1923. Goldsmith, Barbara . Obsessive Genius: The Inner World of Marie Curie . New York: Norton, 2005. Quinn, Susan . Marie Curie: A Life . New York: Simon and...

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prizes   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
687 words
Illustration(s):
1

...in any field, the Nobel Prize comprises a medal and a variable amount of money (initially about 150,000 Swedish crowns), which can equal $1 million, depending on the annual profits and dividends of the Nobel companies. Among famous laureates were Pierre Curie ( 1859–1906 ) and his wife, Marie Curie ( 1867–1934 ); the latter won the Nobel twice and was the first woman to be given the award (in 1903 and 1911 ). Oddly, Albert Einstein ( 1879–1955 ) won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 not for his famous theory about relativity, but rather for...

Sciences

Sciences   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History
Length:
6,174 words
Illustration(s):
2

...entomologist and conchologist Thomas Say , was a superb illustrator—her drawings of invertebrates were included in many of her husband's published works. The best‐known case, but only one of many, of collaboration with a male partner was, of course, that between Marie Curie and her husband Pierre ( 1859–1906 ). Professionalization. In the nineteenth century, amateurs became increasingly restricted to certain types of activities, whereas professionals—no matter how amateur and professional are defined—were able to attack and perhaps conquer the more difficult...

Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Weapons   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
4,906 words
Illustration(s):
1

...à l'Énergie Atomique (Atomic Energy Commission) in 1945 with the intent of exploring both civilian and military applications of nuclear power. Pierre Joliot-Curie headed the commission, which overcame Anglo-American control of known supplies of uranium ore and developed the industrial capabilities to refine both it and the other materials needed in nuclear reactors. In the mid-1950s, Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France decided to develop an atomic bomb, leading to the first French nuclear weapons test in 1960 in the Algerian desert. Although this...

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