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Gurzil Dispels the Darkness

Subject: Religion

(Libya) Gurzil, the sun god, was worshiped among the Huwwara of Tripolitania well into the eleventh century, long after the Arab conquest. This deity was a protector, a guide, ...

Romulus and Remus

Romulus and Remus   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,107 words
Illustration(s):
1

...earliest mention of Romulus’ deification is a fragment from Ennius: “Romulus lives for ever in the sky with the gods that gave him birth” ( Annales F 110). Cicero ( De republica 2.20) reports a story that Romulus’ deification as Quirinus was proclaimed by Proculus Julius to dispel the suspicion that the senators were responsible for Romulus’ death. The tradition that Romulus was torn in pieces by senators appears in Livy (1.16) and Dionysius (2.56), with the latter commenting on Romulus’ tyrannical behavior. Both authors give an alternative version that...

Hadrian

Hadrian   Reference library

Anthony R. Birley

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,725 words
Illustration(s):
1

...to a second consulship for 118. His position was thus very strong when Trajan died at Selinus in Cilicia on 8 August 117 . The next day his adoption by Trajan was announced. A single aureus with the reverse hadriano traiano caesari ( BM Coins, Rom. Emp. 3. lxxxvi, 124) cannot dispel the rumours that Plotina had staged an adoption after Trajan died. Hadrian was disliked by his peers and had rivals, but the army recognized him; the senate had to follow suit. Plotina and the guard prefect Attianus took Trajan’s body to Rome, while Hadrian faced the crisis in...

Seneca the Younger

Seneca the Younger   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
5,311 words
Illustration(s):
1

...eventual publication of the tragedies as texts designed to be read: as the plays became known through written copies, readers alone could experience the full intertextual complexity of works that engage so creatively in dialogue with their literary past. The view has long been dispelled that Senecan tragedy is slavishly dependent on its fifth-century Greek tragic models. Although those models undoubtedly gave inspiration in terms of plot structure, characters, and tragic development and effect, Seneca departs radically from Greek tragic convention not just in...

Epicurus

Epicurus (341–270bce)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,913 words
Illustration(s):
1

...( Letter to Herodotus 75f.), but not the gods, play a role. Epicurus also finds mechanical explanations for phenomena in the sky such as lightning and thunder that cause fear and anxiety in human beings. His explanatory hypotheses draw the rug out from under mythical beliefs, dispel fear, and are intended to contribute to a happy life. Ethics. In Epicurus’ view the goal of every action is to live a good life and to achieve happiness ( eudaimonia ). Pleasure ( hēdonē ) is an essential part of a good life, and pain needs to be avoided. Therefore, pleasure is...

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