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absent signifier

absent signifier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A particular feature which is perceived as missing from a representation in any medium, especially where it is ‘notable by its absence’, breaching expectations. See also commutation test; ...
client/server

client/server  

(c/s)In general terms a client receives a service of some sort from a server. As applied to computing, the relationship between the clients and the servers is formalized so as to allow different ...
communication technologies

communication technologies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Equipment (and associated techniques) directly used to enable interpersonal communication (both synchronous and asynchronous); and/or the mass media. This is not quite synonymous with ‘the means ...
data link control protocol

data link control protocol  

A communication protocol that converts noisy (error-prone) data links into communication channels free of transmission errors. Data is broken into frames, each of which is protected by checksum. ...
defamiliarization

defamiliarization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The process by which literary works unsettle readers' habitual ways of seeing the world. According to the literary theories of S. T. Coleridge in Biographia Literaria (1817), of P. B. Shelley in ...
dominant code

dominant code  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (hegemonic code) The standard textual conventions framing texts within a particular genre and/or the defining assumptions of a prevailing ideology framing a particular text (see dominant ...
encoding/decoding model

encoding/decoding model  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. (semiotic model) Any model representing communication as a process of encoding and decoding messages. In information theory, the coding involved is a technical process, but semioticians underline ...
foregrounding

foregrounding  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
[loose rendering of Czech aktualisace ‘actualization’]1. For the Prague school linguists this referred to a stylistic feature characterizing poetic language (and literary language in general), in ...
hegemonic reading

hegemonic reading  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Within Stuart Hall's encoding/decoding model, the interpretation of a mass-media text by a decoder who fully shares its ideological code and accepts and reproduces the preferred reading—a reading ...
ideological analysis

ideological analysis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The investigation of embedded values, beliefs, biases, and assumptions within a specific text, in some domain of discourse, or in social practices within a particular cultural context, and of the ...
illusionism

illusionism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Term applied in its broadest sense to the basic principle of naturalistic art whereby verisimilitude in representation causes the spectator in varying degrees to seem actually to be seeing the object ...
imaginary signifier

imaginary signifier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A term used by Metz to refer to the cinematic signifier—the medium of film. ‘What is characteristic of the cinema is not the imaginary that it may happen to represent, but the imaginary that it is ...
immediacy

immediacy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Lack of an intervening or mediating agency; unmediatedness; directness. Face-to-face interaction is often phonocentrically framed as unmediated (see also presence; social presence). However, many ...
markedness

markedness  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In linguistics and semiotics, the phenomenon, noted by Jakobson, in which one term and/or concept is highlighted as (markedly) different from another, as in the words male/female, where the former ...
materialism

materialism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. In everyday usage, a value system privileging wealth, possessions and/or bodily pleasures over ethical or philosophical values. This is the antithesis of aestheticism, spirituality, and idealism ...
materiality

materiality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The material substance of things; in semiotics, that of the sign vehicle. While nowadays the signifier is commonly interpreted as the material (or physical) form of the sign (something which can be ...
mediation

mediation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 A form of alternative dispute resolution in which an independent third party (mediator) assists the parties involved in a dispute or negotiation to achieve a mutually acceptable resolution of the ...
modality

modality  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
n. 1. a form of sensation, such as smell, hearing, tasting, or detecting temperature. Differences in modality are not due to differences in the structure of the nerves concerned, but to differences ...
naturalization

naturalization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.The legal process by which a person acquires a new nationality. In the UK, British citizenship or British Overseas Territories citizenship can be acquired by means of a certificate of ...
photograph

photograph  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
[Greek ‘drawing with light’]A still image of a visible phenomenon in the external world recorded using a camera through the agency of light. In semiotic terms, unedited photographic and filmic images ...

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