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Monmouth's rebellion

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battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
battlefields, historic

battlefields, historic  

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Britain has relatively few historic battlefields compared with the continent of Europe. The country has not been invaded since 1066, so the battlefields since then are those of civil wars. The site ...
Bloody Assizes

Bloody Assizes  

Was the name given to the mass trials of Monmouth's rebels in 1685, presided over by Jeffreys and four other judges. The judges indicated that pleas of not guilty would invariably mean death ...
George Jeffreys

George Jeffreys  

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(1648–89).Notorious as the judge who presided at the Bloody Assizes, Jeffreys was a career lawyer who became conspicuous as an aggressive prosecutor and partisan judge. At political trials his ...
James II

James II  

King of England and Ireland, James VII of Scotland, b. 14 Oct. 1633, 2nd s. of Charles I and Henrietta Maria; acc. 6 Feb. 1685; deemed to have abdic. 11 Dec. 1688; m. (1) Anne, da. of Edward Hyde ...
Patrick Sarsfield

Patrick Sarsfield  

(c. 1650–93).Jacobite earl of Lucan. Born to a catholic family, Sarsfield entered the Irish army in 1678. He then served in the English regiments which Charles II detached to fight in the army of ...
1st earl of Melville, George Melville

1st earl of Melville, George Melville  

(1636–1707).Melville succeeded to his father's barony when he was 7. An ardent presbyterian from Fife, he was implicated in the Rye House plot and gave support to the Monmouth rising. In exile he ...

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