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Maximian

(b. c. 250)

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Barbara

Barbara  

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Religion
(date unknown).The very existence of this supposed virgin-martyr is doubtful. There is no trace of an ancient cult, although Barbara was alleged to have been killed in the persecution of Maximian ...
camel

camel  

The camel can survive for long periods without food or drink, chiefly by using up the fat reserves in its hump; from this comes the name ship of the desert.Camels are the emblem of the 4th-century ...
Carausius

Carausius  

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Archaeology
[Na]A naval commander from Menapia, who seized power in Britain and parts of northern France in ad 286, following successful campaigns against barbarian pirates in the English Channel and North Sea. ...
Carnuntum

Carnuntum  

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On the Danube (Danuvius) between Petronell and Deutsch-Altenburg, was an important Roman military base and the seat of government of Pannonia (Upper). At first part of Noricum, Carnuntum was probably ...
cathedra

cathedra  

[Co]Latin term for the throne of a bishop in the early church, usually placed in the apse behind the high altar.
codex

codex  

An ancient manuscript text in book form. The word comes (in the late 16th century, denoting a collection of statutes or set of rules) from Latin, literally ‘block of wood’, later denoting a block ...
Constantine I

Constantine I  

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‘the Great’ (c. ad 272/3–337), b. in the Balkan province of Moesia, was son of Constantius I and Helena. When Constantius, now senior Augustus, died at Eburacum (306), his troops proclaimed ...
Constantius I

Constantius I  

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(Constantius Chlorus) (d. 306), Caesar (deputy emperor) and then Augustus (emperor) of the western Roman empire (ad 292–306). In 293 Constantius wrested power from the usurper Carausius. Carausius ...
Diocletian

Diocletian  

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Originally named Dioclēs. Of obscure origins, b. in Dalmatia perhaps in the early 240s ad, he rose to command the bodyguard of the emperor Numerianus on the Persian campaign of 283/4. When Numerianus ...
Donatist

Donatist  

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A member of a schismatic Christian group in North Africa, formed in 311, who held that only those living a blameless life belonged in the Church. They survived until the 7th century, and were named ...
epiphany

epiphany  

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Religion
The manifestation of Christ to the Gentiles as represented by the Magi; the festival commemorating this on 6 January. The name is recorded from Middle English, and comes ultimately from Greek ...
Helena

Helena  

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Religion
(c. 255–c. 330 ad)Roman empress and mother of Constantine the Great. She was a convert to Christianity and in 326 visited the Holy Land, where she founded basilicas on the Mount of Olives and at ...
Hermogenianus, Aurelius (?)

Hermogenianus, Aurelius (?)  

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A Roman lawyer of the late 3rd and early 4th cent. ad; of a systematic cast of mind, he came from the eastern empire and, to judge from evidence both of style and access to material, was Diocletian's ...
Infancy of Christ

Infancy of Christ  

Specifically the period from the Annunciation through the Flight into Egypt (Mt 1:18–25, 2:1–23; Lk 1:26–55, 2:1–52; Protoevangelion of James, chs. 11–21). Christ's infancy was illustrated esp. ...
Joseph

Joseph  

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Religion
The favourite son of the patriarch Jacob, borne by his wife Rachel. His story is told in Genesis 37–47.
Joseph

Joseph  

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Religion
Foster-father of Christ and husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, died in the 1st century. All that is known of him for certain is contained in the Gospels: Matt. 1–2 and 13: 55; Luke 1–2 and 4: 22. He ...
Julianus “argentarius,”

Julianus “argentarius,”  

Banker in Ravenna and founder of the Church of S. Vitale; fl. second quarter of 6th C. He may have come from the East: from the form of a monogram ...
Maxentius, Marcus Aurēlius Valerius

Maxentius, Marcus Aurēlius Valerius  

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(b. c.ad 283),son of Maximian, was passed over when Diocletian and Maximian abdicated and Galerius and Constantius I succeeded as Augusti (305). On Constantius's death Flavius Valerius Severus became ...
Mediolanum

Mediolanum  

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Founded c.396 bc, near Etruscan Melpum (Pliny Homo Necans 3. 125), by the Insubres. Under permanent Roman control from 194 bc, it grew steadily as a municipium and, later, as ...
panegyric

panegyric  

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[pan-ĕ-ji-rik]A public speech or written composition devoted to the prolonged, effusive praise of some person, group of people, or public body (e.g. a government or army). This branch of rhetoric was ...

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