Overview

County of Provence

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-18 of 18 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

Avignon

Avignon  

A city on the Rhône in SE France, which from 1309 until 1377 the residence of the popes during their exile from Rome and was papal property until the French Revolution.
Beaucaire

Beaucaire  

A trading town on the main route from Italy to Spain at the Rhône, once in the kingdom of Burgundy, then held by the counts of Provence, then (1125) by ...
Bertrand Du Guesclin

Bertrand Du Guesclin  

(c.1320–80)Born in Brittany, he fought for Charles of Blois in the Breton war of succession but was defeated at the battle of Auray (1364). He also served the French ...
Carolingians

Carolingians  

The Carolingian family left its direct mark on history from the early 7th c. until 987. In a first stage, it had acquired the political responsibilities that gradually made it ...
cult of Mary Magdalene

cult of Mary Magdalene  

Mary provided medieval pilgrims a powerful, multi-faceted model to petition: she was the repentant sinner, particularly attractive to those guilty of sexual misbehaviour; she was the courageous Mary ...
house of Blois

house of Blois  

Powerful duchy that grew from land given by Louis the Pious in 835. It passed in the 10th century to Thibaut I, count of Blois, Chartres, Tours, and Provence, whose ...
Nice

Nice  

Ancient Mediterranean trading post; an episcopal see since the 4th century. Nice belonged to the county of Provence from the 10th century until 1388, when it was surrendered to the count of ...
non-liturgical Jewish poetry

non-liturgical Jewish poetry  

Secular Hebrew poetry in the MA was primarily a product of Judaeo-Arabic culture.1. Emergence (10th century)2. Golden age (10th–13th centuries)3. Spain, Provence, and Italy1. Emergence (10th ...
Occitan

Occitan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The medieval or modern language of Languedoc, including literary Provençal of the 12th–14th centuries.
olive

olive  

[Sp]An evergreen tree (Olea) that produces a small oval oil‐producing fruit. Grown around the Mediterranean from the 3rd millennium bc onwards, the cultivated variety (Olea europaea) is believed to ...
Pope Clement VI

Pope Clement VI  

(r. 1342–52)The first of three Limousin popes of Avignon, doctor of theology and provisor of the Sorbonne, Benedictine abbot, archbishop of Rouen, favoured by King Philip VI and created ...
Purim

Purim  

(Heb., ‘lots’).Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of Jews, as recorded in the book of Esther. The feast is celebrated on 14 Adar; it was established by the 2nd cent. CE, and the Mishnah ...
responsa

responsa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The answers given by authorities in Jewish law to questions put to them; Heb. sheelot u-teshuvot, ‘questions and answers’. There are occasional references in the Talmud to letters sent by one Rabbi ...
Savoy

Savoy  

The imperial province of Sabaudia, once within the kingdom of Burgundy, then of Provence, this Alpine principality was ruled from Chambéry by counts from the end of the 10th century ...
St Francis of Assisi

St Francis of Assisi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1181/2–1226), founder of the Franciscan Order. The son of a rich merchant of Assisi, in 1202 he was taken prisoner in a border skirmish and held captive for a year. Setting off for war again in ...
Vienne

Vienne  

Early centre of Gallo-Roman Christianity on the Rhone south of Lyons. After the Carolingian decline it became part of the kingdom of Provence before being absorbed into the empire. The ...
Villa Franca

Villa Franca  

Port town on the Mediterranean; belonged to Lotharingia at the end of the Carolingian empire, then to the county of Provence. Charles II of Anjou encouraged the inhabitants of Montolivio ...
women in Jewish society

women in Jewish society  

As a strategic part of the family unit, the basis of the Jewish community in the MA, women were encouraged to participate in many aspects of Jewish life. The amount ...

View: