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Apollinarius

Apollinarius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The heresy which denied the completeness of Christ's humanity. Apollinarius (or Apollinaris) (c.310–c.390), who was an upholder of orthodoxy against the Arians, became Bp. of Laodicea c.360. His ...
argument

argument  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
To argue is to produce considerations designed to support a conclusion. An argument is either the process of doing this (in which sense an argument may be heated or protracted) or the product, i.e. ...
Argument fields

Argument fields  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Argument fields are subdivisions of rhetorical argument according to its subject matter or context. [See Argumentation.] The assumption is that different norms characterize argument practice and ...
casuistry

casuistry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
n.1. an approach to ethical analysis that is based on cases as distinct from principle-dependent or rule-based methods of evaluating moral problems. 2. an excessively subtle or opaque form of ...
chaos

chaos  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
‘First of all Chaos came into being’, says Hesiod; it did not exist from everlasting. What it was like he does not say; the name means ‘gaping void’.
Classical rhetoric

Classical rhetoric  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Historically defined, is the total record—many thousands of printed pages—of Greek and Roman rhetorical teaching and practice from the time of the Homeric and Hesiodic epics to that of the ...
Clement of Alexandria

Clement of Alexandria  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.150–c.215), theologian. He was a pupil of Pantaenus in Alexandria, assumed the role of teacher (c.190), but fled from Alexandria in the persecution (c.202). His surviving writings include the ...
Comparative rhetoric

Comparative rhetoric  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Is the cross-cultural study of rhetorical traditions, past or present, in societies around the world. Comparison of the rhetorical practices of two or more cultures can help identify features in ...
Composition

Composition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
[This entry comprises two articles. The first article provides a brief overview. The second article describes a history of English departments in the United States.]An overviewHistory of English ...
controversies

controversies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There have been numerous controversies in the history of Judaism. In the Middle Ages for example, the Jewish world, after the death of Maimonides in the early thirteenth century, was divided over the ...
cosmos

cosmos  

The universe seen as a well-ordered whole; from the Greek word kosmos ‘order, ornament, world, or universe’, so called by Pythagoras or his disciples from their view of its perfect order and ...
dharma

dharma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Indian religion, the eternal law of the cosmos, inherent in the very nature of things. In Hinduism, dharma is seen as the cosmic law both upheld by the gods and expressed in right behaviour by ...
dialectic

dialectic  

The method of reasoning that proceeds by question and answer and logical argument, famously illustrated by the dialogues of Socrates (470–399bce) as recorded by Plato (c.428–347bce). Teaching of ...
Eighteenth-century rhetoric

Eighteenth-century rhetoric  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Began with stylistic and neoclassical theories established in centuries past and ended with the redefinition of classical doctrines according to the “science of human nature.” In the ...
Eloquence

Eloquence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Modern usage applies the concept of eloquence in various ways, at times with an implication of distrust, as if a choice had to be made between art and sincerity. But ...
enthymeme

enthymeme  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
An argument in which one of the premises is not explicitly stated.
Ethos

Ethos  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
From its inception, classical rhetoric has grounded persuasion upon a speaker's knowledge of the varieties and complexities of human character. [See Classical rhetoric.] This knowledge enables the ...
Forensic genre

Forensic genre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
In forensic, or legal, rhetoric, the speaker addresses a jury or judge selected to adjudicate issues surrounding a past event. Through pro and con argumentation by prosecution and defense (forensic ...
Gettier examples

Gettier examples  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Since Plato's Theaetetus there has been a tradition of defining know-ledge as true belief plus a logos or reason. In the most familiar form, knowledge is justified true belief. In 1963 the American ...
Hebrew rhetoric

Hebrew rhetoric  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Developed from an already ancient preclassical rhetorical tradition that dates to the beginning of recorded history. Sumerian scribal schools, called “tablet houses,” produced a literate class now ...

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