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Academic Milieu

Academic Milieu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Writers who set their mysteries in schools, colleges, and universities may portray the academic milieu as an ordered environment, philosophically dedicated to lofty goals, which is disrupted by the ...
American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(‘ACLU’)The ACLU is a non‐profit, non‐partisan organization dedicated to defending the United States Bill of Rights. The organization boasts over 500,000 members and maintains a fifty‐state network ...
Anthony M. Kennedy

Anthony M. Kennedy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1988–• Born: July 23, 1936, Sacramento, Calif.• Education: Stanford University, B.A., 1958; London School of Economics, 1957–58; Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1961• Previous ...
Asian Americans

Asian Americans  

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.]The term Asian Americans encompasses the immigrants coming from ...
assembly and association

assembly and association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Freedom of assembly and association is indispensable to self-government. Assembly is a public act by a group to convey a message; association is often an element of assembly, but it ...
Aucassin et Nicolette

Aucassin et Nicolette  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A 13th‐cent. courtly story in northern French, composed in alternating prose and heptasyllabic verse, now believed to be a loving pastiche of the excesses of courtly‐love romances. The writer was ...
Babe Didrikson Zaharias

Babe Didrikson Zaharias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1911–1956),American athlete. Babe Didrikson Zaharias captured the popular imagination with her accomplishments in multiple sports, as well as with her courageous fight with cancer. She burst onto ...
Ballard v. United States

Ballard v. United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
329 U.S. 187 (1946), argued 5 Oct. 1946, decided 9 Dec. 1946 by vote of 5 to 4; Douglas for the Court, Jackson concurring in the result; Frankfurter, Vinson, Jackson, and Burton in dissent. Edna W. ...
Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1902–92)US botanist and geneticist, who joined the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory of the Carnegie Institute. She is best known for her discovery of ‘jumping genes’ (see transposon), which move along ...
bell hooks

bell hooks  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1952–)The pen-name of African-American feminist and social activist Gloria Watkins. The pen-name combines the names of her mother and grandmother and is written in lower case to signify that it is ...
binary opposition

binary opposition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(semiotics) A pair of mutually-exclusive signifiers in a paradigm set representing categories which are logically opposed and which together define a complete universe of discourse: for example, ...
body contact

body contact  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Human beings are unable to survive without body contact. From the moment of birth humans are dependent upon physical contact with others, firstly for the satisfaction of basic needs and ...
body language

body language  

The movement and gestures of the body that communicate to another person non-verbally. There are two aspects of body language; voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary body language comprises movements, ...
boxing

boxing  

Developed from uncontrolled encounters, in which wrestling, kicking, gouging, biting, hair‐pulling, and kicking opponents when down were practised. Early prize fights went on until one of the ...
Bradwell v. Illinois

Bradwell v. Illinois  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
16 Wall. (83 U.S.) 130 (1873), argued 18 Jan. 1873, decided 15 Apr. 1873 by vote of 8 to 1; Miller for the Court, Bradley, Field, and Swayne concurring, Chase in dissent. Myra Bradwell (1831–1894), ...
Brandeis Brief

Brandeis Brief  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In 1908 Louis D. Brandeis, as counsel for the state of Oregon in Muller v. Oregon, prepared a new kind of brief in support of an Oregon law that limited ...
CD Acts

CD Acts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The first of the British Contagious Diseases (or CD) Acts was passed in 1864, as an exceptional measure intended to protect the health of soldiers and sailors in eight garrison ...
citizenship

citizenship  

In political theory citizens, as opposed to subjects, are thought of as the free and equal participants in the democratic government of the body politic. See democracy, republicanism.
class divisions

class divisions  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Differences of values and interests between social groups based upon their location in the social class system and the cultural and economic relations of that system. Sport, despite its aspirations ...
Clothing and Fashion.

Clothing and Fashion.  

Clothing and fashion are cultural expressions of individuals' understanding of, and participation in, the social and economic life of their communities and nation. In America, frequently changing ...

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