Overview

human rights

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 327 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

abduction

abduction  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.Wrongfully taking away or detaining another person, usually by force or fraud. See child abduction; false imprisonment; kidnapping.
absolute

absolute  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Adj.Complete; unconditional; not relative or qualified. A rule absolute is an order that can be enforced at once, in contradistinction to a rule nisi, which commands the opposite party to appear on a ...
act of state

act of state  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An act, often involving force, of the executive of a state, or committed by an agent of a sovereign power with its prior approval or subsequent ratification, that affects adversely a person who does ...
admissibility

admissibility  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term refers to the requirements laid down by customary international law or by treaty (e.g. as to nationality of claims, or exhaustion of local remedies) which an applicant before ...
African Charter on Human and People's Rights

African Charter on Human and People's Rights  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A charter adopted by the Organization of African Unity (now the African Union) in 1981 and ratified by 35 of its members. The Charter reaffirms the duty of African states to eliminate colonialism, ...
African Union

African Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(AU)An organization of African States created in 2001 as the successor to the Organization of African Unity (OAU) (formed in 1963). It aims to extend the OAU's policy of seeking cooperative solutions ...
Ahmadou Ahidjo

Ahmadou Ahidjo  

(b. Garoua, Cameroon, Aug. 1924; d. Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov. 1989)Cameroonian; Prime Minister 1958–60, President 1960–82 A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo received a secondary ...
AIDS

AIDS  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The immunodeficiency (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Opportunistic infections are likely to occur, tuberculosis being an increasing ...
Alexander Solzhenitsyn

Alexander Solzhenitsyn  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1918–2008),Russian prose writer. He joined the Red Army in 1941. Arrested in 1945 for remarks critical of Stalin, he was sent to a labour camp where in 1952 he developed stomach cancer. In 1953 he ...
Alien Tort Claims Act

Alien Tort Claims Act  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Alien Tort Claims Act (‘ATCA’), also known as the Alien Tort Statute, is a US federal law that reads: ‘The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil ...
American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(‘ACLU’)The ACLU is a non‐profit, non‐partisan organization dedicated to defending the United States Bill of Rights. The organization boasts over 500,000 members and maintains a fifty‐state network ...
amnesty

amnesty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.An act erasing from legal memory some aspect of criminal conduct by an offender. It is most frequently granted to groups of people in respect of political offences and is wider than a pardon, which ...
Amnesty International

Amnesty International  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An independent international organization in support of human rights, especially for prisoners of conscience, founded in London in 1961. The organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977.
Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Sakharov  

(1921–89)Russian nuclear physicist. Having helped to develop the Soviet hydrogen bomb, he campaigned against nuclear proliferation and called for Soviet–American cooperation. He fought courageously ...
anti-discrimination law (discrimination law)

anti-discrimination law (discrimination law)  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The term generally used to refer to a body of international instruments and statutes that prohibit discrimination on the basis of attributes such as sex, race, disability, carer responsibilities, ...
Argentina

Argentina  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Painful economic reforms have stimulated rapid economic growth, but economic and social stability remain elusiveTo the west, Argentina is bounded by the southernmost section of the Andes, but most of ...
armed forces

armed forces  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The armed forces of the Crown, that is, the Royal Navy, the British Army, the Royal Air Force, the Royal Marines and both the reserve and territorial forces of those ...
asylum

asylum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Safe haven and protection from persecution, particularly for a refugee.
Atlantic Charter

Atlantic Charter  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A joint declaration of principles to guide a post‐World War II peace settlement. It resulted from a meeting at sea between Churchill and F. D. Roosevelt on 14 August 1941. It stipulated freely chosen ...
Augusto Pinochet

Augusto Pinochet  

(1915–2006)Chilean soldier who overthrew Salvador Allende to become president of Chile (1973–89).Pinochet was born in Chile and educated at the Military Academy School of Infantry, having joined the ...

View: