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antiquarianism

antiquarianism  

[Th]An intellectual tradition of enquiry that developed in Europe in the 16th and early 17th centuries ad as a result of new interests in nature, antiquity, the Renaissance of learning, and the ...
Antiquity

Antiquity  

The Greco-Roman heritage was a powerful tradition, which, together with that of the Bible, influenced Byz. culture. From antiquity Byz. inherited the Greek Language, the system of education, Roman ...
artificial language

artificial language  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
A language deliberately invented or constructed, especially as a means of communication in computing or information technology. See also language (1). Compare natural language.
Byzantium

Byzantium  

An ancient Greek city, founded in the 7th century bc, at the southern end of the Bosporus, site of the modern city of Istanbul. It was rebuilt by Constantine the Great in ad 324–30 as Constantinople.
characteristica universalis

characteristica universalis  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Latin, universal language)The ideal language, projected by Leibniz, in which logical relations would be so transparent that, when people used the language, there would be no irresoluble dispute, but ...
circulating libraries

circulating libraries  

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Overview Page
A library with books lent for a small fee to subscribers; the first circulating library was set up in Edinburgh in the early 18th century, and in the 18th and 19th centuries the system proved ...
concept

concept  

A concept is that which is understood by a term, particularly a predicate. To possess a concept is to be able to deploy a term expressing it in making judgements: the ability connects with such ...
Domesticity

Domesticity  

“Domesticity” refers to a passion for family and home life, a political and social ideology once endorsed with such fervor that for the nineteenth century it has frequently been described ...
Edward Williams

Edward Williams  

(1747–1826),poet and antiquary: b. Pen‐onn; educ., lives, and d. at Flemingston; visits Gwern‐y‐Clepa (Newport, South Wales); keeps bookshop at Cowbridge. Dagrau yr Awen 1772, Poems Lyric and ...
encyclopedias

encyclopedias  

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Overview Page
It was the Enlightenment which developed the modern encyclopedia. The first original Italian encyclopedia of note is the Nuovo dizionario scientifico e curioso sacro-profano of Gianfranco Pivati ...
English language

English language  

The Germanic language spoken in England which takes its name from the Angles (who first committed their dialect to writing) and was extended to refer to all the dialects of the vernacular, Saxon and ...
German

German  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Along with English, Dutch, and Frisian, German belongs to the West Germanic group within the Germanic branch of Indo-European; it is currently spoken by more than 97 million people within ...
grammar

grammar  

The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics; ...
hermeneutics

hermeneutics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, especially of the Bible or literary texts.
idiolect

idiolect  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Compare dialect; genderlect; sociolect.1. (sociolinguistics) The distinctive ways in which language is used by individuals.2. In broader semiotic usage, the stylistic and personal subcodes of ...
Irish cultural revival

Irish cultural revival  

A diverse and politicized intellectual movement to recover, or sometimes invent, ancient Gaelic civilization and culture; it paved the way for Irish Romanticism and for a new hybrid sense of Irish ...
Irish language

Irish language  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Irish and its offshoots, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, constitute the Gaelic or Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages. Welsh, Cornish, and Breton form the Brythonic or Brittonic group. The extinct ...
Jeremy Bentham

Jeremy Bentham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1748–1832)English philosopher of law, language, and ethics. Born in London, Bentham was educated at Oxford, and studied law, for which he developed a profound mistrust. His major preoccupation ...
Joanna Baillie

Joanna Baillie  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1762–1851),Scottish dramatist and poet. She achieved success in 1798 with her first volume of Plays on the Passions, in which each verse drama displays the effect of one particular passion: Basil, ...
Johann Gottfried Herder

Johann Gottfried Herder  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1744–1803),German philosopher and critic, who decisively influenced Goethe during the latter's Sturm und Drang period. He was an ardent collector of folk‐song, and also an admirer of Macpherson's ...

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