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absent presence

absent presence  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In poststructuralist theory, a concept most closely associated with Derrida, for whom it refers to the mythical status of the supposed hub of any system of ideas (see also deconstruction; ...
absent signifier

absent signifier  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. A particular feature which is perceived as missing from a representation in any medium, especially where it is ‘notable by its absence’, breaching expectations. See also commutation test; ...
access consciousness

access consciousness  

According to a distinction introduced by the US philosopher Ned J(oel) Block (born 1942) in a co-edited book entitled The Nature of Consciousness (1997), a non-phenomenal category of consciousness ...
addition

addition  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. One of the four logical ways in which perception, memory, or representation can transform an experience that is ostensibly merely reproduced. Addition involves adding one or more elements which ...
attitude

attitude  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The way in which a person views and evaluates something or someone. Attitudes determine whether people like or dislike things – and therefore how they behave towards them.Attitude is traditionally ...
background

background  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. In visual images which involve the representation of spatial depth, the depicted area that appears to be farthest from the viewer. One of the three zones of recession lying behind the picture ...
base

base  

1 Another name for the radix of a positional number system. Hence decimal numbers are base 10 numbers and binary numbers are base 2 numbers. See number system.2 See base-bound register, relative ...
beholder's share

beholder's share  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
Gombrich's term for what viewers bring to pictures in order to make sense of them. He referred in particular to the need to draw upon ‘prior knowledge of possibilities’ in order ‘to separate the code ...
belief

belief  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Any proposition (1) that is accepted as true on the basis of inconclusive evidence. A belief is stronger than a baseless opinion but not as strong as an item of knowledge. More generally, belief is ...
bias

bias  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Systematic distortion of results or findings from the true state of affairs, or any of several varieties of processes leading to systematic distortion. In everyday usage, “bias” often implies the ...
body

body  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Human physical form and physicality, the representation and social shaping of which has become a key focus of study in cultural studies.2. (body copy) In journalism and advertising, the main part ...
body politic

body politic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
1. An ideological struggle between individuals, groups, and social institutions over control of the human body.2. Institutionalized social practices and policies through which the human body is ...
categorization

categorization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. Classifying things: dividing them into groups according to shared characteristics and labelling these. Taxonomy is the name given to the activity of systematic categorization (e.g. taxonomies of ...
circuit of culture

circuit of culture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
A model of the central practices which produce culture, devised by Stuart Hall and others in 1997. Defining culture as being about ‘shared meanings’, this circular model presents representation, ...
class stereotypes

class stereotypes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
The caricature of members of one class by those of another (either mentally or in public representations). Negative class stereotypes abound: the working classes are frequently portrayed as lazy and ...
colonial discourse theory

colonial discourse theory  

European colonizers tended to construct the identities of colonized peoples and lands as other: undeveloped, primitive, and immature; as homogeneous objects, rather than sources of knowledge; see ...
computational theory

computational theory  

A formal analysis of perception, especially one based on the theory of vision pioneered in the late 1970s by the English psychologist David Courtenay Marr (1945–80), which seeks to explain how the ...
constructivism

constructivism  

Many cognitive psychologists now believe that humans learn most effectively where new information can be assimilated with previously held knowledge. This philosophy of learning is known as ...
content

content  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Media studies
1. The subject matter of a text or message, as distinct from its form or style. Informational texts tend to foreground content (in contrast to aesthetic texts). Content can only be separated from ...
cultural relativism

cultural relativism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[Th]The position that there is no universal standard to measure cultures by, and that all cultures are equally valid and must be understood in their own terms.

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