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aetiology

aetiology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An aetiological story professes to explain causes. The Pentateuch, especially Genesis, is rich in stories designed to give explanations about the origin of natural phenomena and of customs in ...
Ainu mythology

Ainu mythology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Early non-Mongoloid inhabitants of the islands now called Japan, the non–Japanese-speaking Ainu were subjugated by the Japanese beginning in the early ninth century. The few Ainu who remain live in ...
antediluvian

antediluvian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The period before the Biblical flood (described in Genesis, Chapter 7).
Arandan Creation

Arandan Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
This myth from northern Australia, an example of creation from chaos with elements of the creation by emergence theme, contains the familiar elements of creation by thought or the Dreaming ...
Ararat

Ararat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The region in modern SE Turkey where the sons of Sennacharib sought refuge after murdering him (2 Kgs. 19: 37). Noah's ark was made to settle in Ararat according to the legend of Gen. 8: 4, no doubt ...
archetype

archetype  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
An original which has been imitated; (in Jungian theory) a primitive mental image inherited from the earliest human ancestors, and supposed to be present in the collective unconscious.
Arikara Creation

Arikara Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Arikara are Plains Indians whose land is adjacent to that of the Mandans, and some versions of their creation myth are clearly related to the Mandan creation myth. The ...
ark

ark  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1 The Ark which Noah built to preserve life during the Flood (q.v.).2 The Ark of the Covenant, the most sacred religious symbol of the Hebrew people and believed to represent the Presence of God. It ...
Atrahasis

Atrahasis  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Akkadian-Babylonian version of the ancient Mesopotamian flood myth, which influenced the Noah story of the Torah, features the flood hero Atrahasis. In the earlier Sumerian version the hero had ...
Azazel

Azazel  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
On the Day of Atonement, a goat, on whom were laid the hands of the priest, was dispatched into the wilderness where Azazel, a demon, dwelt (Lev. 16: 8). This was the ritual of the scapegoat which ...
Aztec Creation

Aztec Creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In this world‐parent separation myth, it is said that two gods, Quetzalcoatl (the Plumed Serpent) and Tezcatlipoca, pulled the earth goddess, Coatlicue (Lady of the Serpent Skirt), down from the ...
baptism

baptism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Christian Church, the religious rite of sprinkling water on a person's head or of immersing them in water, symbolizing purification or regeneration and admission to the Christian Church. ...
Barlaam and Josaphat

Barlaam and Josaphat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A late, 12th‐cent. Anglo‐Norman romance, interesting as a Christianized version of the legend of Buddha.
Biblical creation

Biblical creation  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The creation myth of Genesis in the Torah, the first part of what Christians call the Old Testament section of the Bible, is, in fact, at least two myths influenced ...
Biblical theology

Biblical theology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A movement in Christian theology, especially in the 1930s–1950s, which sought to expound a common, ‘biblical’ (usually, ‘Hebraic’) viewpoint and language in the Old and New Testaments.
blood

blood  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Hebrew thought blood was the seat of life, or even identified with life, and it therefore had an essential role in sacrifices, which were themselves fundamental in Hebrew society. The priests were ...
Canaanite mythology

Canaanite mythology  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The middle of the second millennium had seen the flourishing of major Canaanite centers along the Mediterranean coast, centers roughly contemporaneous with those of the Mycenaeans in Greece. Some of ...
Cantre'r Gwaelod

Cantre'r Gwaelod  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
[W, lowland hundred; cf. gwaelod, bottom].Welsh flood legend of great antiquity usually centring on the realm of Gwyddno Garanhir in what is now Cardigan Bay. In earliest versions of the story the ...
Cardiganshire

Cardiganshire  

A west‐coast county of Wales bordering the Irish Sea. In 1974 it became the district of Ceredigion in the county of Dyfed, but in 1996 was reconstituted as a county, retaining the name Ceredigion. ...
Cesair

Cesair  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
According to the Book of Invasions, Cesair (Cessair) was the granddaughter of Noah and the daughter of Bith. It was said that when her father was denied a place in ...

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