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Yom Kippur War

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Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat  

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...
Ariel Sharon

Ariel Sharon  

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(1928– )Israeli soldier and statesman; Prime Minister (2001–06). He served in the Israeli army from the foundation of the state until 1973, playing a central role in the Yom Kippur War. First elected ...
Central Intelligence Agency

Central Intelligence Agency  

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CIA an independent U.S. agency responsible to the president through its Director and to the people of the United States through Congressional intelligence oversight committees. It was officially ...
Entebbe raid

Entebbe raid  

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(July 3–4, 1976)The rescue of 103 hostages on a French aeroplane by an Israeli commando squad. The flight from Israel to France had been hijacked by Palestinian terrorists on June 27 and forced to ...
GI Bill

GI Bill  

The GI Bill was US federal legislation which created a comprehensive package of benefits, particularly financial assistance for entering higher education, for veterans of US military service. This ...
Golda Meir

Golda Meir  

(b. 3 May 1898, d. 8 Dec. 1978).Prime Minister of Israel 1969–74 Born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, she emigrated with her parents to Milwaukee (USA) in 1907. She married Morris Mayerson, and they ...
Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak  

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(1928– )Egyptian statesman, President since 1981. Appointed head of the Egyptian air force in 1972, Mubarak became Vice-President in 1975 and succeeded President Sadat following the latter's ...
Israel

Israel  

After half a century of war and hostility, peace with the Palestinians seems as remote as everIsrael can be considered to have four main geographical regions. To the north is a hilly region that ...
Jordan

Jordan  

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Jordan's King Abdullah has started to establish a more stable democracyJordan has three main zones. First, there is the Jordan Valley region, which lies to the east of the Jordan river and finishes ...
Moshe Dayan

Moshe Dayan  

(b. 20 May 1915, d. 16 Oct. 1981).Israeli general and Minister of Defence, 1967–74 Born in Kibbutz Degania, he studied at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he joined the Haganah. In 1941, he ...
oil price shock

oil price shock  

(1973, 1979)The trigger for two worldwide economic crises in the 1970s and early 1980s, caused by a sudden and drastic increase in the price of crude oil. In 1973 Arab states responded to US and ...
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries  

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(OPEC)An organization created in 1960 to unify and coordinate the petroleum policies of member countries and to protect their interests, individually and collectively. Present members are Algeria, ...
Six-Day War

Six-Day War  

(5–10 June 1967)Arab–Israeli war, known to the Arabs as the June War. The immediate causes of the war were the Egyptian request to the UN Emergency Force in Sinai to withdraw from the Israeli ...
Yom Kippur war

Yom Kippur war   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27 words

So-called because on this day in 1973 (6 Oct.) Egypt and Syria attacked Israeli positions in the Sinai peninsula and

Yom Kippur War

Yom Kippur War   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
a war in the Middle East that started during the Yom Kippur holiday in 1973 when combined forces from Egypt and Syria attacked Israel with the aim of regaining territory lost to Israel in ... More

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