Overview

community

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 138 entries

  • Type: Overview Page x
clear all

View:

assemblage

assemblage  

A collection of plants and/or animals characteristically associated with a particular environment that can be used as an indicator of that environment.
association

association  

An ecological unit in which two or more species occur in closer proximity to one another than would be expected on the basis of chance. Early plant ecologists recognized associations of fixed ...
autochthonous

autochthonous  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Referring to features and processes occurring within, rather than outside, an environment. An autochthonous rock has been formed in situ; coal is an example.
barren

barren  

A community of few and scattered plants that occupy less than half the available ground area. Barrens occur within the Arctic tundra, typically dominated by a single plant species e.g. Dryas ...
biochore

biochore  

A biotic district (i.e. a distinctive community and environment) and one of many precursors of the ecosystem concept. The term is also used by Raunkiaer to describe precise biological boundaries ...
biogeocoenosis

biogeocoenosis  

Term equivalent to ‘ecosystem’ that is often used in Central European literature. Comprises a biocoenosis together with its habitat (the ecotope).
biological integrity

biological integrity  

The ability of an ecosystem to support and maintain a balanced, adaptive community of organisms that has a species composition, diversity, and functional organization comparable to that of natural ...
biological survey

biological survey  

The collection, processing, and analysis of a representative sample of a community of plants and animals in order to determine the structural and/or functional characteristics of that community. Also ...
biome

biome  

A grouping of ecosystems (q.v.) into a larger group occupying a major terrestrial region (e.g., tropical rainforest biome, mixed conifer and deciduous forest biome).
biota

biota  

All the organisms living in a particular region, including plants, animals, and microorganisms. See also community.
biotic association

biotic association  

A community of plants and animals. See also plant association.
biotope

biotope  

A region that has a characteristic set of environmental conditions and consequently a particular type of fauna and flora (biota).
bog

bog  

[Ge]A general term often used rather indiscriminately to describe permanent wetland in which communities of plants grow on generally rather acid waterlogged ground. See blanket bog; ombrogenous bog; ...
climax community

climax community  

A relatively stable ecological community that is achieved at the end of a succession.
climax forest

climax forest  

A forest community that represents the final stage (climax community) of natural forest succession for its environment.
climax trace fossil

climax trace fossil  

A trace fossil produced by a member of a climax community.
community ecology

community ecology  

An approach to ecological study which emphasizes the living components of an ecosystem (the community). Typically, it involves description and analysis of patterns within the community, employing ...
consociation

consociation  

A climax plant community that is dominated by one particular species, e.g. a pine forest. See dominant. Compare association.
constant species

constant species  

(constancy)In phytosociology, a species common to a particular association or community, but not necessarily confined to that community; a species of wide ecological amplitude compared with a ...
degenerate phase

degenerate phase  

The stage in the cyclical pattern of changes typical of grassland and heathland communities. In grassland, the term refers to the extended colonization by lichens of the small, grassy hummocks of the ...

View: