Overview

equity

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capital instruments

capital instruments  

The means used by companies to raise finance, including shares, debentures, and loans; it also includes options and warrants that give the holder the right to subscribe for or to obtain capital ...
conversion right

conversion right  

The right given under the terms of a debenture trust deed enabling the investor to convert debt to equity. See also convertible.
debenture

debenture  

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1 The most common form of long-term loan taken by a company. It is usually a loan repayable at a fixed date, although some debentures are irredeemable securities; these are sometimes called perpetual ...
equitable interest

equitable interest  

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A beneficial interest in an asset recognized by equity but not incorporated in a specific contract. Although there is no contractual arrangement between the parties, the holder of an equitable ...
equity accounting

equity accounting  

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The practice of showing in a company's accounts a share of the undistributed profits and a share of the net assets of another company in which it holds a share of the equity (usually a share of ...
equity dilution

equity dilution  

A reduction in the percentage of the equity owned by a shareholder as a result of a new issue of shares in the company, which rank equally with the existing voting shares.
euroequity

euroequity  

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An equity issue made on a stock exchange outside the country of the issuing company but denominated in the currency of that country.
financial assets

financial assets  

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Money and claims, as distinct from physical assets such as land, buildings, or equipment. Financial assets include money, securities constituting a claim to receive money, such as bills or bonds, and ...
fixed-interest security

fixed-interest security  

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A type of security that gives a fixed stated interest payment. They include gilt-edged securities, bonds, preference shares, and debentures; as they entail less risk than equities they offer less ...
gearing ratios

gearing ratios  

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Ratios that express a company’s capital gearing. There are a number of different ratios that can be calculated from either the balance sheet or the profit and loss account. Ratios based on the ...
hedge

hedge  

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Protecting one's cash flow, income, or capital against inflation by buying equities or making other investments that are likely to rise with the general level of prices.
investment analyst

investment analyst  

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Specialist at appraising investments. This can be done via fundamental analysis or through technical analysis. See also analyst; quant; rocket scientist.
main market

main market  

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(Equities; UK).The first tier of the London Stock Exchange where the larger, well-established, and most liquid ordinary shares are traded (cf. third market). See also Alternative Investment Market; ...
negative equity

negative equity  

1. The difference between the value of a property (usually residential) and the outstanding amount borrowed against it where the latter is the greater. For example, if a property’s current market ...
premium on capital stock

premium on capital stock  

In the USA, the excess amount received from stockholders over the par value of the stock issued. The premium account is shown in the balance sheet under the paid-in-capital section of stockholders’ ...
recapitalization

recapitalization  

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In the USA, the process of changing the balance of debt and equity financing of a company without changing the total amount of capital. Recapitalization is often required as part of reorganization of ...
shareholder value analysis

shareholder value analysis  

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(SVA)A method for valuing the entire equity in a company. SVA assumes that the value of a business is the net present value of its future cash flows, discounted at the appropriate cost of capital. ...
shareholders' equity

shareholders' equity  

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That part of the liabilities of an organization that, by right, represents the shareholders' interest in the firm. It includes the paid-up shares, the share premium account, reserves, and other ...
unlisted securities

unlisted securities  

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Securities (usually equities) in companies that are not on an official stock-exchange list. They are therefore not required to satisfy the standards set for listing (see listed security). Unlisted ...
yield

yield  

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The income from a fixed-interest security as a percentage of its price. The nominal yield is the interest per annum divided by the par value. The running yield is the interest divided by the market ...

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