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racism

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A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
ableism

ableism  

Discrimination against people who are not able-bodied, or an assumption that it is necessary to cater only for able-bodied people. The term was coined by US feminists in the 1980s and was later used ...
Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln  

(1809–65)US Republican statesman, 16th President of the USA (1861–65). His election as President on an anti‐slavery platform antipathetic to the interests of the southern states helped precipitate ...
Adrienne Kennedy

Adrienne Kennedy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1931–),playwright of African-American heritage whose works exhibit the conflict between her inheritances—black father, light mother—especially in Funnyhouse of a Negro (1962), in which the main ...
Adrienne Rich

Adrienne Rich  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1929–2012),American poet, essayist, and critic, born in Baltimore, graduated from Radcliffe College, and has since held a variety of academic posts. Her characteristic fractured free verse, ...
affirmative action

affirmative action  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Any form of positive discrimination taken to assist or promote members of disadvantaged groups, e.g. under Affirmative Action (Equal Employment Opportunity for Women) Act 1986 (Cth). See ...
African American literature

African American literature  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The body of writing or performed art produced by African slaves and their descendants in America. One of its earliest forms was the slave narrative where the author describes the ...
African Americans

African Americans  

A citizen or resident of the United States whose ancestry can be traced to Africa. A term intended to avoid the pejorative associations of words such as “negro” and “black.” An estimated 10 to 12 ...
African Canadians

African Canadians  

People of African ancestry have migrated from the United States and the Caribbean, as well as directly from Africa, and some have a history in Canada extending over several centuries. ...
ageism

ageism  

Discrimination or prejudice against persons on the basis of their age.
Albermarle Paper Co. v. Moody

Albermarle Paper Co. v. Moody  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
422 U.S. 405 (1975), argued 14 Apr. 1975, decided 25 June 1975 by vote of 7 to 1; Stewart for the Court, Marshall, Rehnquist, and Blackmun concurring, Burger dissenting in ...
Alta

Alta  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1942), poet, publisher, fiction writer, essayist, and editor.Alta, who discarded her surname, Gerrey, was born and raised in Reno, Nevada. She began her disobedient writing career at the ...
Amanda Cross

Amanda Cross  

(1926–2003),American academic and detective story writer, educated at Wellesley College and Columbia University, and from 1972 Professor of English at Columbia; she is the author of critical studies ...
American Civil Liberties Union

American Civil Liberties Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(‘ACLU’)The ACLU is a non‐profit, non‐partisan organization dedicated to defending the United States Bill of Rights. The organization boasts over 500,000 members and maintains a fifty‐state network ...
An American Dilemma

An American Dilemma  

(1944).Gunnar Myrdal's An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy ranks among the most important studies of American race relations. The “American Negro Problem,” Myrdal argued, lay ...
Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson  

(1808–75)US politician; 17th President of the USA (1865–69). As the only southern senator to support the Union in the American Civil War he was appointed military governor of Tennessee. Having been ...
Ann Allen Shockley

Ann Allen Shockley  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1927), librarian, newspaper columnist, teacher, lecturer, compiler, essayist, and fiction writer.A multitalented professional, Ann Allen Shockley has contributed to various fields, yet her ...
Anti-Defamation League

Anti-Defamation League  

(ADL).Founded in 1913 by the Chicago Lawyer Sigmund Livingston with the sponsorship of the Jewish service organization B'nai B'rith “to stop the defamation of the Jewish people and to ...
anti-Semitism

anti-Semitism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Hostility towards and discrimination against Jewish people (although there are other Semitic peoples, notably the Arabs, anti‐Semitism is only used to refer to prejudice against Jewish people). In ...
Antislavery Press

Antislavery Press  

On 1 January 1831, in Boston, Massachusetts, William Lloyd Garrison launched his weekly antislavery newspaper, the Liberator, and a new phase in the history of the antislavery press was under ...

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