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Adalberto Libera

Adalberto Libera  

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 (1903–63) Italian architect,a key member of the Gruppo 7, which he joined in 1927. During the 1930s his work, like the Post Office on Via Marmorata in Rome (with ...
Álvaro Siza

Álvaro Siza  

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 (1933– ) Portuguese architect.His earliest work was in a traditional Regionalist vein and includes four private houses (1954–7), a parish centre (1956), and the Carneiro de Melo House (1957–8) in ...
Arnold-André-Pierre Jeanneret-Gris

Arnold-André-Pierre Jeanneret-Gris  

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(1896–1967).Swiss architect, arguably one of the most important protagonists of the International Modern Movement. A cousin of Le Corbusier, he joined the office of Perret in Paris, and, from 1921 to ...
Bruno Taut

Bruno Taut  

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(1880–1938).German architect. He worked with Theodor Fischer (1904–8), then practised with Franz Hoffmann (d.1950), designing several works before gaining critical attention with his Steel Industry ...
Carlo Mollino

Carlo Mollino  

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(1905–73)A leading figure in Italian design in the middle decades of the 20th century, Mollino worked in a number of fields, including architecture, furniture, and interior design as well as ...
Carlo Scarpa

Carlo Scarpa  

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(1906–78).Italian architect. He set up his practice in Venice from 1927 and later directed the Istituto Universitario di Architettura in that city (1972–8). In the Fascist era he was both a devotee ...
Egon Eiermann

Egon Eiermann  

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(1904–70).German architect. A pupil of Poelzig and Tessenow, his architecture was always firmly within Rationalism. Before the 1939–45 war he worked on the exhibition and propaganda film Gebt mir ...
Ernesto Bruno La Padula

Ernesto Bruno La Padula  

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(1902–69).Italian architect, he became a member of the Italian Movement for Rationalist Architecture (MIAR). He designed the Knights of Columbus Foundation (1934) and the Palace of Italian ...
Ernesto Nathan Rogers

Ernesto Nathan Rogers  

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(1909–69).Italian Rationalist architect. Founder, with Banfi, Belgiojoso, and Peressutti, of BBPR, whose Torre Velasca, Milan (1957–60) created much controversy at the time of its building because it ...
Ettore Sottsass

Ettore Sottsass  

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(1917– ).Australian-born architect, active in Italy. He established his own firm in Milan (1947), designing artefacts, exhibitions, and interiors. Among his works were office-machines for Olivetti, ...
Eugenio Montuori

Eugenio Montuori  

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(1907–82).Italian architect best known for the Stazione Termini, Rome (from 1947). With other Italian architects associated with Terragni, he won the competition to design the new town of Sabaudia, ...
Fra Carlo Lodoli

Fra Carlo Lodoli  

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(1690–1761).Venetian Franciscan and architectural theorist. His theories had some bearing on Neo-Classicism from the time they were (rather inaccurately) propounded in Algarotti's Saggio sopra ...
Franco Albini

Franco Albini  

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(1905–77).Influential Italian architect, born near Como, Albini rose to eminence in the 1930s. His first important building was the Pavilion for the Istituto Nazionale della Assicurazione at the ...
Gavina

Gavina  

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(established 1960)The origins of this Italian furniture‐manufacturing firm lay in Bologna, where Dina Gavina began furniture production in 1949, although the company was not formally established ...
Gio Ponti

Gio Ponti  

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 (1891–1979) Italian architect, writer, and designer.In the 1920s, Ponti was involved in the Novecento movement, sharing the general approach of Muzio. In 1928 he founded the review Domus, which ...
Giovanni Michelucci

Giovanni Michelucci  

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 (1891–1991) Italian architect,whose first major built work, the Santa Maria Novella railway station in Florence (with N. Baroni, P. N. Berardi, I. Gamberini, S. Guarnieri, and L. Lusanna, 1932–5) ...
Giuseppe Pagano Pogatschnig

Giuseppe Pagano Pogatschnig  

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(1896–1945).Italian Rationalist, Fascist architect, and polemicist, who was a leading player in the arguments about the renaissance of Italian architecture in the 1930s, largely through his ...
Giuseppe Terragni

Giuseppe Terragni  

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 (1904–43) Italian architect who has been most closely associated with the movement of Italian Rationalism.In fact, other than Antonio Sant’Elia, he is the most celebrated Italian architect to appear ...
Gruppo

Gruppo  

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Association of seven Italian architects (Ubaldo Castagnoli (soon replaced by A. Libera), L. Figini, Guido Frette (1901– ), Sebastiano Larco (1901– ), G. Pollini, Carlo Enrico Rava (1903–85), and G. ...
Heinrich Tessenow

Heinrich Tessenow  

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(1876–1950).German architect. A prominent member of the German Arts-and-Crafts movement, he was also influenced by the work of Schinkel and Thiersch. He published Der Wohnhausbau (The Dwelling ...

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