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Acanthus

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Acanthus

Acanthus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
193 words

(ἄκανθος), classical Greek term for a perennial plant, common to the Mediterranean, whose leaf form inspired decorative motifs in architectural

acanthus

acanthus   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
29 words

Perennial plant with thistle-like leaves, found in Africa, the Mediterranean region, India and Malaysia. It has lobed, often spiny leaves

Acanthus

Acanthus   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

A Mediterranean plant for which the English vernacular name is bear's breech. The scalloped leaves of Acanthus spinosus were, according to ...

acanthus

acanthus   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
71 words

A plant found on the shores of the Mediterranean and particularly admired by the Greeks and Romans for the elegance of its leaves. The acanthus was widely used in ...

Andrea del Verrocchio

Andrea del Verrocchio  

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(b Florence, c.1435; d Venice, June/July 1488).Florentine sculptor, painter, and metalworker, one of the outstanding Italian artists of his period. His nickname—Verrocchio means ‘true eye’—was given ...
arabesque

arabesque  

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Overview Page
Fanciful and intricate surface decoration based on geometrical patterns, found from classical art onwards and not necessarily of Arab origin. Unlike grotesque ornament it does not contain human ...
capital

capital  

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The upper part of a column or pilaster set above the shaft. Each of the classical architectural Orders has a distinctive capital.
Carlo Maratta

Carlo Maratta  

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An English variation of the Salvator Rosa picture frame, it was so called because it was first found on works by Maratta (1625–1713). In its enriched form (for example with acanthus leaf moulding in ...
furniture

furniture  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Table, chair, and couch are the central items of ancient furnishing. Their principal characteristic is portability, essential in the circumstances of ancient domestic life, with use of space, and ...
Impost Block

Impost Block  

A stone block shaped like an inverted, truncated pyramid, placed on the capitals of columns destined to carry an arcade. The impost block probably evolved from the Roman practice of ...
orders

orders  

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1 In Classical architecture the elements making up the essential expression of a columnar and trabeated structure, including a column with (usually) base and capital, and entablature. There are eight ...
Talavera de la Reina

Talavera de la Reina  

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Overview Page
Spanish centre of ceramics production. The Castilian town of Talavera de la Reina, so called because from the reign of Alfonso XI (1312–50) it was deemed to be the marriage ...

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