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academic art

academic art  

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Art that is governed by rules, especially art that is sanctioned by an official institution, academy, or school. The term was originally applied in the 17th century to art that conformed to the ...
ancient art, post-Antique collecting

ancient art, post-Antique collecting  

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Collecting of antiquities began in the ancient period itself with the art collections of the Hellenistic dynasts and Romans of the republican and imperial periods (see art Market, ancient). The ...
Antagoras of Rhodes

Antagoras of Rhodes  

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(first half of 3rd cent. bc)wrote an epic Thebais, epigrams, and other poems (fr. 1 Powell, verses in hymnal style on Eros, seems to be echoed by Callimachus (3) ...
Antiochus of Ascalon

Antiochus of Ascalon  

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(c.130–68 bc)Eclectic Hellenistic philosopher. Antiochus maintained the essential agreement of the opposed schools of philosophy of his time. His decisive break with Philo of Larissa arose from his ...
Arcesilaus

Arcesilaus  

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Of Pitane in Aeolis, 316/5–242/1 bc, head of the Academy from c.269. He introduced scepticism (see sceptics) into Plato's school, thereby founding the ‘New Academy’. He seems to have appealed to the ...
Aristotle

Aristotle  

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(384–322bce). Greek philosopherimportant in the early history of Western linguistics both for his general contributions to logic, rhetoric, and poetics and for a specific classification of speech ...
art education

art education  

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Despite historical changes in the nature of artists' work, how they have acquired the knowledge, skills, and experience appropriate to professional practice has remained surprisingly constant. ...
Aurelius Cotta, Gaius

Aurelius Cotta, Gaius  

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(RE 96)brother of the two following and nephew of P. Rutilius Rufus, was a distinguished orator and, with M. Livius Drusus (2) and P. Sulpicius Rufus, one of the ...
Camerata

Camerata  

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Music
(It.).Society. Group of poets and musicians who met in houses of Florentine aristocrats Bardi and Corsi between 1573 and 1590 and from whose discussions opera was developed. Among them were composers ...
Carneades

Carneades  

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(c.214–129 bc)The most prominent member of the later Academy after Arcesilaus. Carneades was a distinguished sceptic, famous (especially through the report by Cicero) for impressive speeches at Rome ...
Charmadas

Charmadas  

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(168/7 –  some time after 107 bc),member of the Academy, pupil of Carneades. Mentioned by Sextus Empiricus (Πυρρώνειοι ὑποτυπώσεις 1. 220) as founder of the ‘Fourth Academy’ together with ...
Chrysippus

Chrysippus  

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(c.280–207 bc)The third leading Stoic after Cleanthes, and possibly the most productive philosopher of all time, having written 705 books, none of which survive (however, ancient books were ...
Clitomachus

Clitomachus  

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(186/7–110/9 bc)Academic sceptic and pupil of Carneades. He allegedly wrote over 400 books, mainly recording the arguments of Carneades, and became head of the Academy in 127/6. Cicero reports him as ...
clubs for music-making

clubs for music-making  

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Music
Musical clubs have long played a considerable part in the cultural and social development of music among European communities. The earliest of which we have much knowledge were the German ...
Colonos

Colonos  

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A small Attic deme 2½ km. (1½ mi.) north of the Acropolis, near Plato's Academy. The deme seems to have been particularly rich in sanctuaries of gods (Poseidon Hippios, Athena ...
composition

composition  

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The Latin word compositio usually represented the Greek synthesis, the most general term for structure or arrangement. Both terms were applied in all the arts in a neutral sense with ...
concert

concert  

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Music
A perf. of mus. in public by a fairly substantial no. of performers (but not a stage performance or as part of a religious service). A perf. by 1 or 2 performers is usually called a recital. A ...
consolation

consolation  

The practice of offering words of comfort to those afflicted by grief is reflected in the earliest Greek poetry. Later, under the twin influences of rhetoric and philosophy, a specialized consolatory ...
Crantor

Crantor  

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Of Soli in Cilicia (c. 335–275 bc), philosopher of the early Academy, and the first Platonic commentator. He studied under Xenocrates (1), and cohabited with Arcesilaus (1), whom he had ...
Critolaus

Critolaus  

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Of Phaselis, head of the Peripatetic school, was probably an old man when he took part, with Carneades (see academy) and Diogenes the Stoic (see stoicism), in the philosophers' delegation to Rome in ...

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