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Adam of Wodeham

Adam of Wodeham  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(c.1298–1358)Adam of Wodeham was an English Franciscan, who was born around 1298 and died in 1358. Although he was undoubtedly one of the greatest thinkers of his time, undeservedly ...
Alexius Meinong

Alexius Meinong  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1853–1920)is one of the most misunderstood and reviled philosophers of recent times. According to a prevalent view, he was a spendthrift metaphysician who delighted in multiplying entities ...
arithmetic

arithmetic  

The study of the natural numbers, which are 0, 1, 2, 3…and their successors. Arithmetic is characterized by Peano's postulates. Philosophical questions include the nature of our knowledge of those ...
Augustinianism

Augustinianism  

St Augustine of Hippo was indisputably the greatest authority after the Bible in the history of Christian thought in the western MA. Indeed, his influence was omnipresent in all areas ...
concrete universal

concrete universal  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
A key conception in the philosophy of Hegel, that certifies the reality of categories. A category is a synthesis of two opposed abstractions (e.g. becoming is a synthesis of being and not-being) and ...
Ibn Bājja

Ibn Bājja  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(d. 1138)Full name Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahia ibn al-Sayigh (Latin name Avempace). Born in Saragossa, Spain, and died in Fez, Morocco. First notable philosopher and physician of Muslim Spain. Wrote ...
idea

idea  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(Greek, eidos, visible form)A notion stretching all the way from one pole, where it denotes a subjective, internal presence in the mind, somehow thought of as representing something about the world, ...
innate knowledge

innate knowledge  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The philosophical debate about innate knowledge goes all the way back to antiquity, and to the opposed views of Plato and Aristotle on our knowledge of the Forms. In Plato's ...
intentions (medieval)

intentions (medieval)  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Broadly speaking, the term ‘intention’ indicates the relationship between the knower and what he knows. More precisely, it indicates the act, or (logical) object, of knowledge insofar as it refers ...
John Duns Scotus

John Duns Scotus  

(c. 1265–1308),Scottish theologian and scholar. A profoundly influential figure in the Middle Ages, he was the first major theologian to defend the theory of the Immaculate Conception, and opposed St ...
language

language  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The general attempt to understand the components of a working language, the relationship the understanding speaker has to its elements, and the relationship they bear to the world. The subject ...
nominalism

nominalism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
(as opposed to Realism), the view of those Scholastics and later philosophers who regarded universals or abstract conceptions as a ‘flatus vocis’, mere names without any corresponding reality.
physicalism

physicalism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The view that the real world is nothing more than the physical world. The doctrine may, but need not, include the view that everything that can truly be said can be said in the language of physics. ...
quiddity

quiddity  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
The inherent nature or essence of someone or something; a distinctive feature or peculiarity. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes from medieval Latin quidditas, from Latin quid ‘what’.
Richard of Campsall

Richard of Campsall  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(c.1280–1350)Not much is known about Richard of Campsall and very little written by him has survived to this day. We do know, however, that he was a fellow of ...
space and time

space and time  

Reference type:
Overview Page
It is possible to identify four themes in the philosophy of space and time where the British influence is clearly discernible in the initiation of a debate or method, or ...
William of Occam

William of Occam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c. 1289–1349).Occam is a village near Guildford in Surrey, from which William presumably took his name. An Oxford Franciscan, he is said to have been a pupil of Duns Scotus. His thought developed ...

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