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A. R. Gurney

A. R. Gurney  

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(1930– )American dramatist, identified with the north-eastern affluent culture where he locates most of his plays. His wry comedies foreground wit and social form, while he presents time as fluid ...
Abdel Karim Berrechid

Abdel Karim Berrechid  

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(1943– )Moroccan playwright, especially known as the spokesman of Al Ihtifalia (The Ceremonial), a movement for research into authentic Arab theatrical forms. His manifestos of the 1980s called for a ...
abhinaya

abhinaya  

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*Acting in the classical Indian tradition. The word signifies leading spectators towards theatrical pleasure as delineated in Bharata's Natyasastra, the ancient Sanskrit text on Indian aesthetics and ...
action

action  

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The two most common meanings of action derive from Aristotle's Poetics, where tragedy is defined as ‘an imitation of an action…with persons performing the action rather than through narrative’ (see ...
Actors' Studio

Actors' Studio  

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An acting workshop in New York City, founded in 1947 by Elia Kazan and others, and a leading centre of method acting.
agon

agon  

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Greek word meaning ‘contest’, used to define the conflict which lies at the heart of Greek tragedy, transmuted into a clash between two principal characters, sometimes with a hint of ...
aharya

aharya  

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A generic category referring to costumes, make-up, body painting, ornamentation, and the use of stage properties in traditional Indian performances. The details of jewellery, head-dresses, crowns, ...
Al Pacino

Al Pacino  

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1940– )US film actor, who has made many outstanding films.Of Sicilian descent, Pacino was brought up in New York City, where he attended the High School for the Performing Arts and the Actors' ...
Alan Ayckbourn

Alan Ayckbourn  

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Literature
(1939– ),playwright. His first London success, Relatively Speaking (1967, pub. 1968), was followed by many others, including Absurd Person Singular (1973, pub. 1974); The Norman Conquests (1974, pub. ...
Alan Bates

Alan Bates  

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(b. Allestree, Derbys, 17 Feb. 1934)Actor, at his best playing outwardly cool but inwardly tormented characters. After training at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, he made his debut ...
Alan Bleasdale

Alan Bleasdale  

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(1946– ),playwright, born and educated in Liverpool. His stage plays include Having a Ball (1981), a comedy set in a vasectomy clinic, Are You Lonesome Tonight? (1985), about the singer Elvis ...
Alastair Sim

Alastair Sim  

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(b. Edinburgh, 9 Oct. 1900; d. London, 19 Aug. 1976)Actor and director, a professor of elocution who began a stage career at 30 and a film career at 35 ...
Albert Chevalier

Albert Chevalier  

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(1862–1923)English actor, music-hall singer, and lyricist. The son of a schoolteacher, his first success was on the legitimate stage with the Bancrofts in 1877. Out of work, he was ...
Aleksandr Gelman

Aleksandr Gelman  

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(1933– )Soviet/Russian playwright. Gelman is best known for his ‘production dramas’ of the 1970s and 1980s, which set industrial themes against the psychological investigation of characters. Minutes ...
Aleksandr Griboedov

Aleksandr Griboedov  

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(1795–1829)Russian dramatist and poet whose reputation rests on a single play, Gore ot uma, most commonly translated as Woe from Wit. The play owes a debt to Molière's The ...
Aleksandr Lensky

Aleksandr Lensky  

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(1847–1908)Leading Russian actor at the Moscow Maly Theatre. The illegitimate son of Prince Gagarin by an Italian woman, Lensky joined the Maly company in 1876 after a successful career ...
Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin

Aleksandr Sukhovo-Kobylin  

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(1817–1903)Russian playwright and philosopher. Having studied in Moscow, Heidelberg, and Berlin (1834–42), his career was cut short when he was accused in 1850 of the murder of his French ...
Alexander Moissi

Alexander Moissi  

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(1880–1935),German actor of Italian extraction, born in Albania where a drama school has been named after him. He played his first speaking part in German at Prague in 1902 ...
Alexander Woollcott

Alexander Woollcott  

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(1887–1943)American drama critic, among the best-known cultural personalities during the 1920s in New York. In his drama criticism from 1914 to 1928 (for the Times, the Herald, the Sun ...
Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas  

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(1824–95)French dramatist. He became one of the most successful dramatists of the Second Empire. His play La Dame aux camélias (1852) was based on Dumas's own novel (1848) and inspired Verdi's opera ...

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