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Boer wars

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Arthur Conan Doyle

Arthur Conan Doyle  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1859–1930),is chiefly remembered for his creation of the amateur detective Sherlock Holmes, whose brilliant solutions to a wide variety of crimes began in A Study in Scarlet (1887) and continued ...
battle of Majuba Hill

battle of Majuba Hill  

1881.Majuba Hill was the only major battle of the first Boer War (1880–1), which arose from the British annexation of the Republic of the Transvaal in 1877. In December 1880 the Boers rose in revolt, ...
battle of Spion Kop

battle of Spion Kop  

1900.A battle of the second Boer War (1899–1902). The battle arose from British attempts to relieve the siege of Ladysmith. The highest point of the Tugela Heights, Spion Kop (‘Lookout Mountain’) was ...
Bernhard von Bülow

Bernhard von Bülow  

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History
(1849–1920)German statesman. He served in the Franco–Prussian War and the German Foreign Service before becoming German Foreign Minister (1897–1900) and then Chancellor (1900–09) under William II. In ...
Cape of Good Hope

Cape of Good Hope  

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History
Cape Town was captured by the British from the Dutch in 1795 and formally ceded in 1814. Strained relations between British immigrants and the Dutch settlers (Boers) over slavery and religion led to ...
convention of Pretoria

convention of Pretoria  

1881.This convention ended the first Boer War, following the British annexation of the Transvaal in 1877. The Boers were given self‐government, but the British retained suzerainty and the conduct of ...
Edward Grey

Edward Grey  

(b. London, 25 Apr. 1862; d. Fallodon, Northumberland, 7 Sept. 1933)British; Foreign Secretary 1905–16; Bt. 1882, Viscount 1916 The son of an army officer, Grey was educated at Winchester and Balliol ...
Edward VII

Edward VII  

(1841–1910)King of the United Kingdom (1901–10) – a short and relatively uneventful reign.Eldest son of Queen Victoria, he was created Prince of Wales shortly after his birth. In his youth he became ...
gold rushes

gold rushes  

Sudden influxes of people to newly discovered gold fields. The most famous gold rush was to California, where in 1848 gold was found by a Swiss settler, J. A. Sutter. As news spread, adventurers from ...
Henry Mayers Hyndman

Henry Mayers Hyndman  

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Overview Page
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Philosophy
(1842–1921).Socialist. Born into riches, Hyndman was converted to Marxism by reading Das Kapital. In 1881 he published a kind of précis of it under the title England for All, which he distributed to ...
humanitarian

humanitarian  

The word ‘humanitarian’ was a 19th-cent. invention and usually had a contemptuous flavour, denoting a tedious, self-advertising busybody. But the roots of humanitarianism run deep. A feeling of ...
jingoism

jingoism  

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Overview Page
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History
A mood of inflated patriotism. The term originated in 1878, when Russian successes in a war against the Ottoman empire had created at the Treaty of San Stefano a Bulgaria that Britain regarded as a ...
Joseph Chamberlain

Joseph Chamberlain  

(b. London, 8 July 1836; d. London, 2 July 1914)British; Secretary of State for Colonies 1895–1903 Joseph Chamberlain was famous more for the causes for which he campaigned than for offices which he ...
Liberal Imperialists

Liberal Imperialists  

Were a faction of the Liberal Party around 1900, who disapproved of their leaders' lukewarm line over the Boer War. The leaders of the ‘Lib Imps’ were Rosebery, Grey, and Haldane.
Liberal Party

Liberal Party  

Before 1868 the Liberal Party had been an uneasy coalition of Whigs and radicals. The broadening of the suffrage in the boroughs in the Reform Act of 1867 strengthened the radicals and the Gladstone ...
Mafeking

Mafeking  

Is a small town in the north‐east corner of Cape Province (South Africa), where a British garrison was besieged for seven months during the second Boer War, before being relieved on 17 May 1900. That ...
Marthinus Wessel Pretorius

Marthinus Wessel Pretorius  

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History
(1819–1901)Boer statesman. He was President of the South African Republic (1857–71), having followed his father, Andries Pretorius, in the Great Trek. After fighting the Zulu, he became one of the ...
pro-Boer

pro-Boer  

Was the misleading name given to those who opposed the government's policy of fighting the Boer War of 1899–1902. Few of them actually sympathized with their country's enemies. Most were either ...
Robert Blatchford

Robert Blatchford  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1851–1943),journalist and socialist, was one of the founders of the Manchester Fabian Society in 1890. In 1891, with four colleagues, he started The Clarion, a socialist weekly which ran until 1932, ...
Royal Flying Corps

Royal Flying Corps  

The Royal Engineers experimented with balloons in the 1870s and a small factory was established at Chatham in 1883. Blériot's flight across the Channel in 1909 and the German Zeppelin programme ...

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