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appeal

appeal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
All jurisdictions, federal and state, generally make appellate review for correctness from the civil or criminal judgments of trial courts available in some form. Most states and the federal system ...
archbishop

archbishop  

Are, literally, chief bishops. By the 5th cent. ad the title was applied to the occupants of sees of major ecclesiastical importance, particularly those of metropolitan bishops. This designation ...
Archbishop of York

Archbishop of York  

1 Richard III. See Cardinal; Rotherham, Thomas.2 In 1 Henry IV he joins Northumberland's rebellion, but in 2 Henry IV he is tricked by Prince John into dismissing his ...
Bar Hebraeus

Bar Hebraeus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1226–86), the usual name of Abû-l-Faraǧ, a Syrian Orthodox bishop and polymath. After studying medicine at Tripoli and Antioch, he was consecrated bishop in 1246, and in 1264 became Primate of the ...
Barbary ape

Barbary ape  

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Overview Page
Tailless, yellowish-brown ape-like monkey native to Algeria and Morocco, and introduced into Gibraltar. It is the size of a small dog. The Gibraltar Barbary apes are the only wild monkeys in Europe. ...
Byzantine Church

Byzantine Church  

The Byzantines did not develop a systematic Ecclesiology. For them, the Church was not a society parallel to secular society, obeying carefully codified laws. It was a spiritual reality whose ...
Canterbury

Canterbury  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In 597 St Augustine arrived in Canterbury and established his first church there. He had been instructed to organize England in two provinces, with archbishops at London and York, but from the first ...
cloak

cloak  

The crisis of the ancient world and the advent of medieval societies coincided with the progressive establishment of and growth in the function of emblems, as always happens in periods ...
Cologne

Cologne  

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Overview Page
A German city on the Rhine, famous in the Middle Ages for its shrine of the Wise Men of the East, commonly called the Three Kings of Cologne (see the Three Kings).
Dubrovnik

Dubrovnik  

Dubrovnik (Rausium, Ragusium, Ragusa) was founded by refugees from the old Greco-Roman colony of Epidaurus (Cavtat). Destroyed during the Avar and Slav invasions in the 6th-7th cc., the city was ...
Esztergom

Esztergom  

Town and archbishopric in Hungary 40 km northwest of Budapest. Esztergom was the first seat of the princes and kings of the *Árpád dynasty and the first and richest archbishopric ...
gorilla

gorilla  

The gorilla, a primate with a haploid chromosome number of 24. About 40 biochemical markers have been found to be distributed among 22 linkage groups. See Hominoidea.
Lund

Lund  

City in south Sweden belonging to Denmark until 1658. Founded c.990, it was the largest town in Scandinavia with the most important royal Danish mint during the 12th century. It ...
Matthias Corvinus

Matthias Corvinus  

(1443–90)King of Hungary and Bohemia. The second son of John Hunyadi, Matthias inherited his father’s estates and influence. Aided by the lesser nobility, he was elected king in 1458. ...
metropolitan

metropolitan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Christian Church, a bishop having authority over the bishops of a province, in particular (in many Orthodox Churches) one ranking above archbishop and below patriarch.
Orthodox Church

Orthodox Church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A family of Churches, mostly situated mainly in E. Europe; each Church is independent in its internal administration, but all share the same faith and are in communion with each other, acknowledging ...
Pannonhalma

Pannonhalma  

(monastery) Benedictine foundation (before 997) in western Hungary; received privileges from Monte Cassino and endowments from Stephen I in 1002; from 1216 subject directly to the Holy See. Abbot ...
patriarch

patriarch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A title dating from the 6th cent. for the bishops of the five chief sees of Christendom: Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, Constantinople, and Jerusalem, whose jurisdiction extended over the adjoining ...
Pedro de Mendoza

Pedro de Mendoza  

(1428–1495)Pedro González de Mendoza, cardinal primate of Spain and grandee, was raised at the court of John II and destined for an ecclesiastical career. He became bishop of Calahorra ...

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